DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v12i1.4396

BULLYING BEHAVIOUR OF ADOLESCENTS BASED ON GENDER, GANG AND FAMILY

Kadek Ayu Erika, Dian Atma Pertiwi, Tuti Seniwati

Abstract


Introduction: Bullying is a social problem which is part of aggressive violent behaviour done continuously and have negative impact to victims and its subject and happened at school. This study aimed to know the description of knowledge and adolescents behavior about bullying based on their age, gang, and family. Methods: This study used analytic descriptive design with number of sample was 246 adolescents from grade 1, 2, 3 of senior high school which used stratified random sampling. Instruments of this study were knowledge questioner, and modified of The Bullying Prevalence Questionnaire in guttman and likert scale. Data analysis used cross tabulation. Result: Data show that adolescents have a good knowledge (93.9%) and less (6.1%). Bullying subjects were 93.9% and victims 94.7%. Forms of verbal bullying indicated the subjects (93.1%) and victims (92.3%). Bullying subjects majority occurred in males (94.1%) and women become victims (96.3%). Numbers of bullying subjects do not have a gang (94.5%), while those with gang as victims (95.2%). There were five adolescents who live in stepfamilies become subjects and victims of bullying. Conclusion: The majority of adolescents have good knowledge about bullying, bullying form the vast majority were verbal bullying with subjects and victims of bullying who occurs in all classes. The majority of bullying subjects do not have a gang, and as the majority of victims have a gang. Almost all adolescents with different family types become subjects and victims of bullying. Therefore, an intensive educational effort and spiritual needs to be done to change the behavior of adolescents to be adolescents with well character.


Keywords


Bullying, gender, gang, family.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aluede & Oyaziwo, 2006. Teachers’ opinions of school counseling programs in Nigerian secondary schools. , 33, p.42.

Bullying Statistic, 2015. Bullying Statistics, The Ultimate Guide ! |NoBullying|. Available at: http://nobullying.com/bullying-statistics/ [Accessed March 27, 2015].

Cerni Obrdalj & Rumboldt, M., 2008. Bullying among school children in postwar bosnia and herzegovina: cross-sectional study. Croatian Medical Journal, 49(4), pp.528–535. Available at: 18717000.

Chatters, S.J., 2012. Impact of Bullying Prevention Training on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of Pre-Education Majors (Future Trainers). ProQuest LLC, (January). Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED549766&site=ehost-live%5Cnhttp://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqm&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3505585.

Cokokinarto, K. et al., 2013. Perancangan Film Pendek Mengenai ” Bully ”.

Dwipayanti & Indrawati, K.R., 2014. Hubungan Antara Tindakan Bullying dengan Prestasi Belajar Anak Korban Bullying pada Tingkat Sekolah Dasar Ida Ayu Surya. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 1(2), pp.251–260.

Fajrin, A.N., 2013. Hubungan Antara Tingkat Pengetahuan Dengan Perilaku Bullying Pada Remaja Di Smk Pgri Semarang. Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

Firmansyah, T., 2014. Aduan Bullying Tertinggi. Republika, p.1. Available at: http://www.republika.co.id/berita/koran/halaman-1/14/10/15/ndh4sp-aduan-bullying-tertinggi [Accessed March 27, 2015].

Green, R., Collingwood, A. & Ross, A., 2010. Characteristics of bullying victims in schools. Religion, p.117. Available at: https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/DFE-RR001.pdf.

Harris, S. & Petrie, G.F., 2003. Bullying: The Bullies, the Victims, the Bystanders, Texax: Scarecrow Press.

Lai, S.-L., Ye, R. & Chang, K.-P., 2008. Bullying in middle schools: An Asian-Pacific Regional study. Asia Pacific Education Review, 9(4), pp.503–515. Available at: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF03025666.

Leviani, 2008. Konformitas dan Bullying pada Siswa. Jurnal Psikologi, 6(1), p.1.

Magfirah, U. & Rachmawati, M.A., 2009. Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Nation, M. et al., 2008. Bullying in school and adolescent sense of empowerment: An analysis of relationships with parents, friends, and teachers. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 18(3), pp.211–232.

Notoatmodjo, 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Nurhamzah, W., Maureen, A. & Wiguna, T., 2013. Gambaran Bullying dan Hubungannya dengan Masalah Emosi dan Perilaku pada Anak Sekolah Dasar. , 15(3), pp.174–180.

Rigby, K.E.N., 2005. Why Do Some Children Bully at School ? School Psychology International, 26(2), pp.147–161.

Santoyosep, 2013. Bullying Di Sekolah , Cara Pencegahan Dan Penanganannya. , pp.1–5.

Sari, T.D., 2015. Aksi Bullying di Kalangan Siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas Wilayah Surakarta Tahun 2014/2015. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Sejiwa, Y.S., 2008. Bullying: mengatasi kekerasan di sekolah dan lingkungan sekitar anak, Jakarta: Gratisindo.

Setyawan, D., 2014. KPAI : Kasus Bullying dan Pendidikan Karakter, Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (KPAI). Available at: http://www.kpai.go.id/berita/kpai-kasus-bullying-dan-pendidikan-karakter/ [Accessed January 1, 2015].

Sugiariyanti, 2009. Perilaku Bullying Pada Anak dan Remaja. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 1, pp.101–108.

Usman, I., 2013. Kepribadian, komunikasi, kelompok teman sebaya, iklim sekolah dan perilaku. Jurnal Humanitas, 10(1), pp.50–60.

Usman, I., 2008. Perilaku Bullying Ditinjau Dari Peran Kelompok Teman Sebaya Dan Iklim Sekolah Pada Siswa Sma Di Kota Gorontalo. Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Gorontalo.

Wiyani, N.A., 2012. Save Our Children from School Bullying, Yogyakarta: Ar Ruzz Media.

World Health Organization (WHO), 2012. Health behavior in school aged children (HBSC) study:International report from the 2009–2010 survey.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




This journal is indexed by:

    
     
     

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats