HUBUNGAN KECUKUPAN ZAT GIZI DAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN PENGHAMBAT ZAT BESI DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA LANSIA

Putri Rahmah Alamsyah, Dini Ririn Andrias

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v11i1.48-54
Abstract views = 159 times | views = 460 times

Abstract


Getting older causes many alterations in the human body such as alterations in anatomy, physiology, economy, and social. This condition can cause a disturbance at the consumption pattern. The purpose of this research is to analyze the relation between nutrients adequacy, consumption patterns of foods which support or inhibit iron absorption and
anemia status among elderly. This cross sectional research was held in Airlangga Sub - district, Gubeng District of Surabaya from March until April 2016. Sample was 73 elderlies. The research used cluster random sampling method, which sample was taken from each cluster (Posyandu) proportionally based on the number of elderly at elderly health care (Posyandu). The research collected hemoglobin level data using Easy Touch tool, nutrient intake using 2 × 24 hours Food Recall method and frequency of consumption of foods which support or inhibit iron absorption by using Food Frequency Questionnaire. The result of the research shows that there is a relation of adequacy of folate intake (p = 0.002), coffee consumption (p = 0.045), and tea consumption (p = 0.028) with anemia status among elderly. On the other hand, there is no relation between the adequacy level of protein, iron, vitamin C, and vitamin B12 with anemia status among elderly. The research recommends supplementary food program to elderly with foods which may provide iron or iron absorption enhancer.


Keywords: anemia, iron enhancer and inhibit, elderly


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