Hubungan Antara Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Balita Di Kelurahan Ampel, Kecamatan Semampir, Kota Surabaya 2017

Armina Analinta

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v3i1.2019.13-17
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Abstract


Background: Diarrhea is an endemic disease in Indonesia and often cause death. In 2015 there were eighteen times the outbreak of diarrhea spread in eleven provinces, eighteen districts / cities, with the number one patient. 213 people and 30 deaths (CFR 2.47%). According to Surabaya City Health Office, there were 65.447 cases of diarrhea in 2015, in other words there were 23 cases of diarrhea in 1000 population.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and diarrhea  in RW XIII and RW XIV Kelurahan Ampel, Subdistrict Semampir, City of Surabaya in  2017.

Methods: This was observational analytics study with cross sectional design. The population in this research were all the children under five in the area in RW XIII and RW XIV in Kelurahan Ampel. Sampling technique used was  simple random sampling involving 39 respondents. Primary data were collected by interview with questionnaire, Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data were analyzed statistically using Fisher’s Exact Test.

Results: The result of this this study, there was relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and diarrhea (p=0.000).

Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and diarrhea.

ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang: Diare adalah penyakit endemis di Indonesia dan sering menyebabkan kematian. Pada tahun 2015 terjadi delapan belas kali kejadian luar biasa diare yang  tersebar di sebelas provinsi, delapan belas kabupaten/kota, dengan jumlah penderita satu. 213 orang dan kematian 30 orang (CFR 2,47%). Menurut Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya, pada tahun 2015 terdapat 65.447 kasus diare, dengan kata lain terdapat 23 kasus diare pada 1000 penduduk. 

Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan asi eksklusif dengan diare pada balita di RW XIII dan RW XIV Kelurahan Ampel, Kecamatan Semampir,  Kota Surabaya  2017.

Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah analitik observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini yaitu seluruh balita yang berada di wilayah di RW XIII dan RW XIV di Kelurahan Ampel. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan simple random sampling didapatkan 39 responden. Data Primer dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dengan kuesioner, Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik Fisher’s Exact.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian ASI eksklusif  memiliki hubungan dengan kejadian diare (p=0,000).

Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan kejadian diare.


Keywords


Exclusive Breastfeeding, diarrhea, toddler

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