Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome on Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Surabaya

Dyah Peni Puspitasari, Budi Widodo, Jongky Hendro Prayitno

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/bhsj.v1i1.8069
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Abstract


Backgrounds: Metabolic syndrome is a syndrome characterized by central obesity, high blood glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, and high blood pressure. Nearly 70% to 80% of Diabetes melitus (DM) population was diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. We aimed to present the data of frequency of metabolic syndrome in patients with DM for a basis of future research.

Method: This is a descriptive study design on DM patients based on NCEP ATP III criteria. The data was collected from direct measurements and laboratory results of all DM patients: waist circumference, weight, height, and blood pressure of the subjects, triglyceride status (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) status, and fasting blood glucose status.

Results: From 77 DM patients, results were obtained in this study were 69 (89.61%) patients with DM-metabolic syndrome  (DM-MetS) and 8 (10.39%) patients with DM-non-metabolic syndrome. From 69 patients with DM-MetS, 52 (75.36%) were female and 17 (24.64%) were male.

Discussions: Based on NCEP ATP III criteria, the components profile of metabolic syndrome in women patients with DM-MetS were 96,15% central obesity, 88,46% hypertension, 70,37% low HDL levels and 44,44% hypertriglycerides. While, in men patients with DM-MetS were 70.59% central obesity, 88.24% in hypertension, 70% in the low HDL levels, and 30% hypertriglycerides. Based on the number of components, can be determined the frequency components of the metabolic syndrome were 73.91% on the three components, 14.49% on four components, and 11.59% at five components.

Conclusion: A total of 69 (89.61%) patients with T2DM were diagnosed as metabolic syndrome.


Keywords


Metabolic syndrome; Diabetes mellitus; NCEP ATP III; Central obesity; Hypertension; Low HDL level; Hypertriglicerides

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