Characteristics of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease at Dialysis Unit Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya

Leny Silviana Farida, Muhammad Thaha, Dwi Susanti

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/bhsj.v1i2.9400
Abstract views = 1372 times | downloads = 793 times

Abstract


Introduction: The prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in Indonesia is increasing over the last decade. Most cases highest risk factor are Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and hypertension. Other factors such as lifestyle and environment; both play important role in the development of ESRD. Thus, this study aimed to assess the characteristic of patient with ESRD.

Methods: This was a descriptive study acquired by interviewing 126 patients with ESRD who have been undergoing continuous hemodialysis in dialysis unit of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya for at least 3 months using questionnaire about history of disease, smoking habit, sex, and ethnic group. All data was analyzed using frequency distribution and percentage.

Results: Form 126 patients, consist of 61 male patients (48.4%) and 65 female (51.6%). 45 patients (35.7%) have the history of DM; 98 patients (77.0%) of hypertension; 35 patients (27.8%) of hypertension and DM; and 19 patients (15.1%) have none of them. Later age adult (36-45 years old) has the largest group proportion (34.13%). There are 36 patients (28%) who are smokers. 108 patients (85.7%) are Javanese.

Conclusion: Most of the patients have hypertension as the risk factor and in later age group adult. Characteristics of patient with ESRD is caused by multifactorial factors. Therefore, patient with high risk factor should be aware and do preventive steps in progressiveness of the disease.


Keywords


ESRD; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Smoke

Full Text:

PDF

References


NKUDIC. Kidney Disease Statistics for The United State. NIH Publication. 2012; 12.

PERNEFRI. Annual Report of Indonesian Renal Registry. In: 4, (ed.). Report of Indonesian Renal Registry. 2011.

NIDDK. Diabetic Kidney Disease. Washington: NIH, 2014.

Kidney Foundation N. K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Bone Metabolism and Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease. 2003, p.S1-S201.

Beevers G, Lip GY and O'Brien E. ABC of Hypertension. Blood Pressure Measurement. Part I-sphygmomanometry: Factors Common to All Techniques. Bmj. 2001; 322: 981-5.

Hidayati HK, Suhardi, Titiek. Hubungan antara Hipertensi, Merokok dan Minuman Suplemen Energi dan Kejadian Penyakit Ginjal Kronik. 2012; 24.

Bennett K and Aditya B. An Overview of Diabetic Nephropath: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment. Journal of Diabetic Nursing. 2015; 18: 61-7.

Sabanayagam C, Lim SC, Wong TY, Lee J, Shankar A and Tai ES. Ethnic Disparities in Prevalence and Impact of Risk Factors of Chronic Kidney Disease. C. Sabanayagam et al. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2010; 25: 2564-70.

Tjekyan R. Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Tahun 2012. Majalah Kedokteran Sriwijaya. 2012: 46.

Pranandari R and Supadmi W. Faktor Risiko Gagal Ginjal Kronik di Instalasi Hemodialisis RSUD Wates Kulon Progo. Majalah Farmaseutik. 2015 11.

Jain G and Jaimes EA. Nicotine Signaling and Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease in Smokers. Biochemical Pharmacology. 2013; 86: 1215-23.

Putri. Karakterisitk Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis yang Dilakukan Hemodualisis di RSUD Al-Ihsan Tahun 2014. Prosiding Pendidikan Dokter. 2014; 2.

Yu MK, Lyles CR, Bent-Shaw LA, Young BA and the Pathways A. Risk Factor, Age and Sex Differences in Chronic Kidney Disease Prevalence in A Diabetic Cohort: The Pathways Study. American Journal of Nephrology. 2012; 36: 245-51.

Chang P-Y, Chien L-N, Lin Y-F, Wu M-S, Chiu W-T and Chiou H-Y. Risk Factors of Gender for Renal Progression in Patients with Early Chronic Kidney Disease. Medicine. 2016; 95: e4203.

Glassock RJ. Is the Presence of Microalbuminuria a Relevant Marker of Kidney Disease? Current Hypertension Reports. 2010; 12: 364-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Biomolecular and Health Science Journal

INDEXING BY:

Creative Commons License

This Journal (E-ISSN:2620-8636) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View BHSJ Stats