Perbedaan Reliabilitas Pola Sidik Bibir dan Pola Ruga Palatal dalam Penentuan Jenis Kelamin

Okky Marita Ardy

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/bsn.v17i3.Y2015.10838
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Abstract


Abstrak

Penentuan jenis kelamin adalah salah satu faktor utama yang digunakan untuk membantu identifikasi individu, membantu dalam pembentukan profil biologis dari sisa-sisa kerangka dan gigi. Masalah akan timbul dengan berbagai variasi tingkat kesulitan dimana tindakan identifikasi termudah dan sederhana yaitu secara visual tidak lagi dapat digunakan. Identifikasi forensik pada orang hidup atau meninggal dapat menggunakan teknik yang berbeda yang melibatkan berbagai metode penunjang seperti cheiloscopy dan palatoscopy yang unik dan menunjukkan variasi individu. Meskipun ada banyak studi penelitian dengan dua metode tersebut, tetapi studi yang membandingkan dua metode bersama-sama terhadap reliabilitas atau kehandalan dalam penentuan jenis kelamin minimal. Tujuan penelitian ingin mengetahui perbedaan reliabilitas pola sidik bibir dan pola ruga palatal dalam penentuan jenis kelamin. Penelitian ini menggunakan 68 sampel (34 pria dan 34 wanita) mahasiswa Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya kisaran usia 21-30 tahun dengan mengambil sidik bibir dengan menggunakan lipstik dan pembuatan cetakan ruga palatal dengan bahan cetak irreversible hydrocolloid. Analisis reliabilitas pola sidik bibir dan ruga palatal menggunakan Koefisien Cohen’s Kappa. Reliabilitas pola sidik bibir yaitu K = 0,834 dengan kategori sangat baik, sedangkan reliabilitas pola ruga palatal yaitu K = 0,593 dengan kategori sedang. Analisis Chi-Square pola sidik bibir didapatkan nilai p-value sebesar 0,002, sedangkan pola ruga palatal didapatkan nilai p-value sebesar 0,464. Reliabilitas pola sidik bibir lebih tinggi daripada reliabilitas pola ruga palatal dalam penentuan jenis kelamin. Terdapat hubungan antara pola sidik bibir dengan jenis kelamin, tetapi tidak untuk pola ruga palatal.  

 

Kata kuncisidik bibir, ruga palatal, reliabilitas, penentuan jenis kelamin


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