Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

The JURNAL BIOSAINS (p-ISSN: 1412-1433) is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in publishing an article in this journal, including the author, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, peer reviewer and publisher (Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga). This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed edition of the JURNAL BIOSAINS is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected body of knowledge. It is a direct reflection on the quality of the author(s)’ work and that of their supporting institutions. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method applied. It is, therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and society.  

Universitas Airlangga, as publisher of the JURNAL BIOSAINS, takes its duties of guardianship of all stages of the publishing process extremely seriously and recognizes its ethical and other responsibilities. The university is, therefore, committed to ensuring that advertising, re-printing or other forms of commercial revenue exert no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, thPostgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga and the Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this proves useful and necessary.

Publication decisions

The editor of the JURNAL BIOSAINS is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted for consideration should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers will, invariably, drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the journal's editorial board policies and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in arriving at such decisions.

Fair play

The editor of the JURNAL BIOSAINS evaluates manuscripts consistently for their intellectual content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and editorial staff must not disclose information relating to a submitted manuscript to any individuals other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers or the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions, while editorial communications with the author may also assist him/her in improving the paper.

Lead-in times

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported on in a manuscript, or is aware that its prompt review is not possible, should notify the editor and excuse him/herself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of fellow authors is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work not cited by the authors. Any assertion that an observation, derivation or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by a relevant citation. Reviewers should also draw to the editor's attention any substantial similarity between or overlap with the manuscript under consideration and other published papers of which they have first-hand knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

The confidentiality of privileged information or concepts encountered as a result of a peer review must be respected and not exploited for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts with which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the said documents.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors of reports on original research should present an accurate account of the investigative work undertaken and an objective discussion of its significance. Supporting data is to be presented accurately within the paper which should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the research. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and, as such, are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are requested to submit raw data relating to a paper for editorial review. They should be prepared, if practicable, to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases) and to retain such data for a reasonable period following publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that the work produced is entirely original, with any references and/or quotations being appropriately cited or re-produced.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

Authors should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research contained in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is considered unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Full and appropriate acknowledgment of others’ work must be provided in all cases. Authors should cite publications influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those individuals making a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. All such collaborators should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated to certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all relevant (and only relevant) co-authors are acknowledged within the paper, their having seen and approved the final version and having agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves the use of chemicals, human beings, animals, microbes, procedures or equipment with any unusual inherent hazards, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose within their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of their reported research. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work

In cases of an author discovering significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, it is his/her obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate in the correction or retraction of the paper.