Fauzi Usrya Kanaza

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/etno.v4i1.20347

Abstract views = 1830 times | downloads = 26211 times


This paper examines the types of language functions used in the utterances and the one which is dominantly used in Meghan Markle’s speech. By applying qualitative method, the researcher analyze the utterance produced by Meghan Markle as the speaker, was delivering her speech. The researcher uses the five function of language proposed by Jakobson, they are referential function, conative function, emotive function, poetic function, and phatic function. The results show that there are five types of language functions used in Meghan Markle’s speech. The first most dominant function used is conative function (32%) which is found in 6 utterances. The second most dominant function is emotive function (26%) which is found in 5 utterances. Then referential function was found in 4 utterances (21%), phatic is found in 3 utterances (16%), while poetic function is found in 1 utterance only (5%). In addition, metalingual function is not used at all. Thus, it can be concluded that as the speaker, Meghan Markle wants to wants to influence her addressee through her utterances.

Key word: Language, language function, speech

Full Text:



‘Aliyah, I. (2015). Language functions of toyota advertisement headlines. Thesis. English Department Faculty of

Adab and Cultural Sciences State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

Asdar, M. S. (2017). An analysis of language Function in BPEC (Benteng Panynyua English Club) in Fort

Rotterdam. Thesis. English and Literature Department Adab and Humanity Faculty Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar.

Chandler, D. (2007). The basics semiotics (2nd ed.). London and New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis


Cobley, P., & Jansz, L. (2003). Introducing semiotics. Australia: McPherson’s Printing Group.

Eco, U. (1984). Semiotics and the philosophy of language. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Gemma, W. (2013). The elements of communication: A theoretical approach. Udemy, Inc. Retrieved from


Holmes, J. (2013). An introduction to sociolinguistics (4th ed.). London and New York: Routledge Taylor and

Francis Group.

Jakobson, R. (1995). On Language. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Lanigan, R. L. (1991). Roman jakobson’s semiotic theory of communication. Georgia: Southern Illinois


Leeuwen, T. V. (2005). Introducing social semiotics. New York: Taylor & Francis Group.

Lestari, Y. (2018). An analysis of language function in maybelline advertisements recent. Thesis. English

Department Faculty of Arts and Humanity Sunan Ampel State Islamic University.

Manik, S. & Simanjuntak, H.I. (2015). Function of language as found in economical news. The Episteme

Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 1(2).

Meisani, D.R., Chofiyya, N.N., & Handayani, R. (2016). Captions writing in instagram: understanding the

meaning and the communicative function in learning a language. Jambi-English Language Teaching

Journal, 1(2), 90-97.

Noth, Winfried. (1990). Handbook of semiotics. United States of America: Indiana University Press.

Purwati, L. (2015). Analysis of language function in president susilo bambang yudhoyono’s speech. 1-15.

Retrieved from Academia.edu database.

Riyantono, N. N. E., & Setyarini, M. C. E. (2012). Language functions used in the clothing advertisement in

SUAVE catalog magazine. Thesis. Faculty of Language and Literature Satya Wacana Christian University


Sadykova, D. M., Akimova, O.V., & Zaripova, A. N. (2017). Communicative and functional approach and

discourse theory for terminological field research. International Journal of Scientific Study, 5(6), 19-24.

Sebeok, T. A. (1960). Style in language. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Sebeok, Thomas A. (2001). Signs: an introduction to semiotics (2nd ed.). Canada: University of Toronto Press.

Shaumyan, S. (1987). A semiotic theory of language. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Susanthi, I.G.A.A.D., Pastika, I.W., Yadnya, I.B.P., & Satyawati, M.S. (2018). Language function used in ELT

textbook focused on medical conversation. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 9(1), 125-131.

Tribus, A. C. (2017). The communicative functions of language: an exploration of roman

jakobson’s theory in TESOL. Thesis. SIT Graduate Institute Brattleboro.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 ETNOLINGUAL

This journal is indexed by:





Creative Commons License
ETNOLINGUAL by Unair  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License




 View Etnolingual Stats