ETNOLINGUAL <p>Etnolingual is a Journal of Linguistics studies under the Department of Master Program on Linguistics, Faculty of Humanity, Universitas Airlangga for the first time in May 2017. As a forum for researchers, linguists, lecturers, and students to publish and discuss their research findings, this journal focuses on the studies of cultural linguistics and other linguistic studies. This journal is published twice a year, i.e. in <em>May</em> and <em>November.</em></p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Since the first publication in May 2017, this journal has become an international open access peer-reviewed online journal that implements a full electronic system using the Open Journal System (OJS). This online system provides an ease of access for the authors to oversee the publication progress of the author as well as the other academics to follow the most recent findings on linguistics issues.</p><p> </p><p>As a multidisciplinary journal on a national scale that covers a various issues in the study of linguistics, this journal is focused on highlighting the links between language and culture of all societies in the world. Nevertheless, other linguistics issues such as First, Second and Foreign Language Teaching and Acquisition, Language Planning, Translation, Clinical Linguistics, Pragmatics and pure linguistic studies, are also accepted.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p><strong>Published By:</strong></p><p>Master Program on Linguistics, Faculty of Humanity, Universitas Airlangga</p><p>Fakultas Ilmu Budaya</p><p>Kampus B UNAIR</p><p>Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam</p><p>Surabaya-60286 </p><p> </p><p>Email:</p> Department of Master of Linguistic, Universitas Airlangga en-US ETNOLINGUAL 2580-0280 <div id="custom-2"><p align="justify">1. Copyright of this journal is possession of Editorial Board and Journal Manager, by the knowledge of author, whilst the moral right of the publication belongs to the author.</p><p align="justify">2. Legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Atribusi-Non Commercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA),implies that publication can be used for non-commercial purposes in its original form.</p><p align="justify">3. Every publications (printed/electronic) are open access for educational purposes, research, and library. Other that the aims mentioned above, editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p></div> Ideologi Pengarang dalam Sampul Novel Ranah 3 Warna Karya Ahmad Fuadi <p>Analisis wacana multimodal salah satu pendekatan dalam kajian wacana. Wacana yang muncul mengkombinasi teks, warna, dan gambar dikaji dalam wacana multimodal. Wacana multimodal dapat ditemukan salah satunya dalam sampul novel <em>Ranah 3 Warna </em>karya Ahmad Fuadi<em>.</em> Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif, dengan <em>metode analysis content</em> (analisis isi). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membongkar ideologi yang dipijak pengarang. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan kebudaayaan merantau anak laki-laki orang Minangkbau. Jadi, dapat disimpulkan “merantau” sebagai ideologi yang dipijak Ahmad Fuadi dalam karya novelnya.</p> <p><strong>Kata Kunci: </strong>Wacana, multimodal, sampul novel, Ahmad Fuadi</p> Nisa Dina Ramadhanti Samsiarni Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 7 2 105 120 10.20473/etno.v7i2.49178 Analisis Senyapan dan Kilir Lidah pada Produksi Ujaran dalam Acara Ormas <p>Setiap manusia sebagai penutur bahasa umumnya pernah mengalami senyapan dan kilir lidah dalam berbicara. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bentuk senyapan,&nbsp; bentuk dan unit kilir lidah, serta fungsi tuturan ketika seseorang mengalami senyapan dan kilir lidah pada produksi ujaran dalam acara Ormas. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengumpulan data, yaitu observasi melalui video-video di YouTube. Sumber data penelitian ialah produksi ujaran yang terdapat senyapan dan kilir lidah dalam acara Ormas dari bulan Februari hingga Juli 2023 di kanal YouTube Deddy Corbuzier. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua bentuk senyapan yang ditemukan, yaitu senyapan diam dan senyapan terisi. Bentuk kilir lidah yang ditemukan terdiri dari dua bentuk, yaitu kekeliruan seleksi dan kekeliruan asembling. Unit kilir lidah yang ditemukan, yaitu kekeliruan suku kata, kekeliruan kata, kekeliruan klausa, dan kekeliruan kalimat. Fungsi tindak tutur yang ditemukan, yaitu asertif, komisif, dan ekspresif.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong><strong>:</strong> Produksi Ujaran, Psikopragmatik, Senyapan dan Kilir Lidah, Tindak Tutur</p> Dasril Davidra Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 7 2 121 143 10.20473/etno.v7i2.48447 CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS: DONALD TRUMP SPEECH BROUGHT THE U.S. TO PANDEMIC PREVENTION FAILURE <p>This research focuses on Donald trump’s speech on preventing COVID-19 at White House Conference on May 18, 2020. His speech was about the suggestion on taking hydroxychloroquine which known as an anti-malaria. The method used in this research is mix method, as the data displayed using description and numbers and the analysis data of this research uses critical discourse theory by Fairclough, and meta function within systematic functional linguistic proposed as the tool to scrutinized the object of the research through transitivity analysis, modality analysis, and textual analysis. As for the result of the research shown that (1)the most process used by trump is material process; (2)mental process, in which becomes the reason of the audience has unconsciously followed the irresponsible suggestion by Trump; (3)modality analysis shows that Trump rarely used modal verb; (4) textual analysis shows that Donald Trump’s speech has been delivered coherently and transitivity analysis found two the new process forms, both processes are&nbsp; existential process + relational process and relational process + existential process.</p> Lalu Mochamad Arif Abdul Muhid Hilda Hastuti Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 7 2 144 163 10.20473/etno.v7i2.48732 AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN CONSTRUCTING CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (AT THE ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA NEGERI 1 WARINGINKURUNG) <p>Today, many students struggle to construct proper English sentences, particularly in conditional sentences. The teaching methods teachers used failed to engage students. Also, some experts believe that the difficulties students face with conditionals arise from the interaction between meaning and form. So, understanding this relationship and how it frequently appears in conditional sentences is crucial. To address this issue, a study was conducted to assess the proficiency of eleventh-grade students at SMA Negeri 1 Waringinkurung in constructing conditional sentences. The research involved 32 students, and the methodology used was qualitative content analysis, which included tests and interviews. The students' sentences were coded and sorted using a method called summative content analysis. This method involves identifying and measuring specific words or material in the text to understand how they are used. The researcher used various categories like formula of conditional sentences, main and if clauses, modal verbs, verb tense, and word order for further analysis. This analysis helped the researcher evaluate the students' understanding and proficiency in constructing conditional sentences.The study found that students commonly made mistakes in verb tenses and the use of modal verbs. Interviews with the students also confirmed that verb tenses were the most challenging aspect for them. Overall, the research results showd that the students had a good ability to construct conditional sentences, with an average score of 71.75. The findings pinpointed specific areas where students encountered challenges, providing valuable insights for educators to effectively address these issues and enhance overall proficiency.</p> Khusnul Khotimah Faisal Ila Amalia Afif Suaidi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 7 2 164 181 10.20473/etno.v7i2.48733 The Power of Verbal Expression Examining Language Function in the Short Film ‘The Darkest Blue’ <p>This research aims to examine and describe the language functions employed in the dialogues by the cast of the short film "The Darkest Blue" (2021). The qualitative descriptive method is utilized to analyze the data extracted from the dialogues in the film. The language function theory proposed by Holmes (2011) and Halliday (1992) is employed to analyze and categorize the language functions found in the dialogues of the cast. The identified language functions in this study include emotive, phatic, directive, and instrumental. Notably, the emotive function emerges as the most frequently used in "The Darkest Blue," as it serves to convey the characters' emotions and thoughts. The findings of this study contribute to a deeper understanding of language functions employed in various film genres, particularly in the context of short films. It sheds light on how language functions enrich the portrayal of characters and enhance storytelling in films.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Laela Kamalina Fasikhatul Ilmiyah Sandina Tasya Aulia Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 7 2 182 215 10.20473/etno.v7i2.46954