EFEKTIVITAS PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN METODE DEMONSTRASI DAN METODE CERAMAH DENGAN MEDIA BOOKLET TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN DAN TINDAKAN MENCUCI TANGAN PADA ANAK PRASEKOLAH

Fermi Avissa, Nursalam Nursalam, Elida Ulfiana

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/fmnj.v1i1.12132
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Abstract


Introduction. Lack of information in hand washing cause less attention to hand washing’s behavior in children. Hence, health education was needed. This study was aimed to analyze the effectiveness of health education using demonstration method and lecture method with booklet media to improve preschool’s hand washing knowledge and action. Methods. The population in this quasy experiment study were students B class at Flamboyan Platuk kindergarten, Surabaya in Mei 2012. The 28 respondents who met inclusion criteria were taken with simple random sampling technique and divided into demonstration group and lecture group with booklet media. The data were collected by using structured interview and observation, then were analyzed by wilcoxon signed rank test and mann whitney u test with signification value was a=0,05.Result and Analysis. The result showed an increase of preschool’s knowledge and action. Preschool’s knowledge and action in both of groups have scores less than 0,005. The Mann Whitney score revealed p= 0.319 for knowledge and p=0.000 for action. It means there was a significant difference in action of hand washing. Discussion and Conclution. The result showed that health education using demonstration method was more effective than the other. It is recommended for nurses to apply the demonstration method to providing health education especially in preschool’s hand washing. Further, research is suggested to measure preschool’s hand washing by using singing method. 


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