Profile of Airway Patency, Respiratory Rate, PaCO2, and PaO2 in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Patients (GCS <9) In Emergency Room Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya
World Health Organization. The top 10 causes of death [Internet]. Monograph Online. 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death
De Silva M, Roberts I, Perel P, Edwards P, Kenward M, Fernandes J. Patient outcome after traumatic brain injury in high-, middle- and low-income countries: analysis of data on 8927 patients in 46 countries. Int J Epidemiol. 2008;38(2):452–8.
Li M, Zhao Z, Yu G, Zhang J. Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury over the World: A Systematic Review. Gen Med Open Access. 2016;4(5).
Kacmarek R, Stoller J, Heuer A, Chatburn R, Kallet R. Egan’s fundamentals of respiratory care. 2016.
Cranshaw J, Nolan J. Airway management after major trauma. Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain. 2006;6(3):124–7.
Advanced trauma life support (ATLS®). J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;74(5):1363–6.
Carney N, Totten A, OʼReilly C, Ullman J, Hawryluk G, Bell M. Guidelines for the Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury, Fourth Edition. 2016.
Krishnamoorthy V, Vavilala M, Mock C. The need for ventilators in the developing world: An opportunity to improve care and save lives. J Glob Health. 2014;4(1).
Haddad S, Arabi Y. Critical care management of severe traumatic brain injury in adults. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2012;20(1):12.
Kinoshita K. Traumatic brain injury: pathophysiology for neurocritical care. J Intensive Care. 2016;4(1).
Pfenninger E, Lindner K. Arterial blood gases in patients with acute head injury at the accident site and upon hospital admission. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1991;35(2):148–52.
Bajamal A H, Rahatta N M, Parenrengi M A. Pedoman Tata Laksana Cedera Otak (Guideline in Management of Traumatic Brain Injury). 2nd ed. Surabaya: Tim Neurotrauma RSU Dr. Soetomo, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga; 2014.
Tülin A, Nihan Ö. Intensive Care Management of the Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Blaivas M, ed. Emergency Medicine—An International Perspective. Croatia: InTech; 2012. 15–16 p.
Yuan G, Drost N A, McIvor R. A Respiratory rate and breathing pattern. McMaster Univ Med J. 2013;10(1):23–5.
Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Anesthesiology and Reanimation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Indonesian Journal of Anesthesiology and Reanimation (IJAR) licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
1. Copyright holder is the author.
2. The journal allows the author to share (copy and redistribute) and adapt (remix, transform, and build) upon the works under license without restrictions.
3. The journal allows the author to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
4. The changed works must be available under the same, similar, or compatible license as the original.
5. The journal is not responsible for copyright violations against the requirement as mentioned above.