ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT PASIEN TB PARU BERDASARKAN HEALTH BELIEF MODEL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS UMBULSARI, KABUPATEN JEMBER

Firman M. Safri, Tintin Sukartini, Elida Ulfiana

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v2i2.11904
Abstract views = 1603 times | views = 1739 times

Abstract


Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium
tuberculosis. Long treatment times often cause patients dropped out of treatment during the healing period. Adherence to medication is very important for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis to avoid double immunity against bacteria to anti tuberculosis drugs. Finally, the pattern of treatment should be started from scratch at a cost which becomes even larger as well as spend a longer treatment time. The purpose of this research was to describe determinants related to medication adherence of pulmonary tuberculosis based on health belief model. Descriptive analytic design was used in this study. The population of this research was 66 patients who categorized in continued face
of Tuberculosis medication at October-December 2013. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. The data were collected by questionnaire. Data then analyzed and dished in chart and narrative. Result showed that perceived susceptibility was low criteria (70%), perceived seriousness was in low criteria (61%), perceived benefit and barriers was in low criteria (30%), cues to action was also in low criteria (61%) and medication adherence was in low criteria. There was no relationship between all variables above with medication adherence of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. It can be concluded that no relationship between each variable in Health Belief Model with medication adherence of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis if not in conjunction with
other variables, due to four factors together have a relationship with medication
adherence. Therefore, nurses should do intensive health education provide information about the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis disease comprehensively to the patient and their family, through four aspects on Health Belief Model


Keywords


determinant of medication adherence; pulmonary tuberculosis; health belief model

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