ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA BALITA BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN TEORI FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS ALAK KOTA KUPANG NTT

Israfil Israfil, Yuni S. Arief, Ilya Krisnana

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v2i2.11907
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Abstract


Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality on toddlers. Based on Florence Nightingale theory, URTI on toddlers can be influenced by four environmental factors, that are fresh air needs, personal hygiene, home lighting, and nutrition. This study was aimed to investigate factors which correlate with URTI ncidence on toddlers based on Florence Nightingale theory, at Puskesmas Alak, Kota Kupang, NTT. Design used was explanatory research with cross sectional approach. Total sampel was 130 respondents, taken according to inclusion criteria. The independent variabels were fresh air needs, personal hygiene, home lighting, and nutrition. The dependent variabel was URTI incidence on the toddlers. Data were then
analyzed using Spearman’s rho test with level of significance of ≤ 0,01. Results showed that fresh air needs (p=0,000), personal hygiene (p=0,000), and nutrition (p=0,000) has correlate with URTI incidence on the toddlers. While home lighting has no correlation (p=0,266). It can be concluded that fresh air needs, personal hygiene, and nutrition did have significant correlation with URTI incidence on the toddlers. Nurses should provide health education about URTI care on toddlers, especially according to Florence Nightingale theory


Keywords


URTI; toddler; florence nightingale theory

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