HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DAN SELF CARE MANAGEMENT LANSIA DENGAN HIPERTENSI DI POSYANDU LANSIA KELURAHAN MANYAR SABRANGAN SURABAYA

Nurul Wachhyu, Retno Indarwati, Eka Misbahatul

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v3i1.12213
Abstract views = 1648 times | views = 1622 times

Abstract


Introduction: Elderly with hypertension are vulnerable populations that require more comprehensive and intensive approach, in order to achieve blood pressure control optimally. One of hypertension management to reduce blood pressure is self care management. Elderly with hypertension need family support in carrying out self-care management. Family support is given in the form of emotional, appreciation, instrumental, and information support. This study was aimed to analyze the relationship between family support and self-care management of the elderly with hypertension.

Method: Design used in this study was a correlational study. The population was 83 elderly with hypertension listed at Elderly Posyandu Manyar Sabrangan Surabaya. Respondents were selected through purposive sampling and 30 respondents obtained from 83 populations. The independent variable was family support that obtained through questionnaire. The dependent variable was self-care management of the elderly with hypertension that obtained through structured questionnaire form. Data were analyzed by Spearman's Rho with a significance level of α< 0.05.

Result: The results showed that family support was not significantly associated with self-care management of the elderly with hypertension. This is evidenced by the results of the correlation test showed p = 0.338 and r = 0.181.

Discussion: It can be concluded that correlation between the two variables related can be influenced by several factors: the level of health, lifestyle, health care system, the external environment of the respondents. Therefore, more research is needed to analyze several factors that affect self-care management to give appropriate intervension for elderly.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alligood,M.R. and Tomey, A.M 2006, Nursing Theorists and Their Work 6th ed, Mosby, Missouri.

Bisaroh, Risa 2013, ‘Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga terhadap

Kepatuhan Diit dan Minum Obat Anti Hipertensi di Posyandu Lansia RW 03 Jemurwonosari Surabaya’, skripsi, Universitas Airlangga,

Surabaya.

Bomar, P.J 2004, Promoting health in families: Applying family research and theory to nursing practice. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia.

Depkes RI, 2000, Pedoman Pembinaan Kesehatan Usia Lanjut Bagi Petugas Kesehatan, Jakarta.

Depkes RI 2009, Profil Kesehatan Indonesia, Depertemen Republik

Indonesia, Jakarta.

Flynn, Sarah J et al 2013, 'Facilitators and barriers to hypertension selfmanagement in urban African Americans: perspectives of patients and family members', NCBI Journal, vol. 07, hal. 741-749, diakses 10 Maret 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/art

icles/PMC3743518/

Friedman, MM 1998, Keperawatan Keluarga: Teori dan Praktik,

Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta.

Friedman, MM, Bowden, VR & Jones, EG 2010, Buku Ajar Keperawatan Keluarga: Riset, Teori dan Praktik,Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta.

Ho T.M 2009, ‘Hypertension management: lifestyle interventions

in a transcultural, ‘Journal of Renal Care, vol.35, no. 4, hal. 176–184.

Kemenkes 2013, Gambaran Kesehatan Lanjut Usia di Indonesia 1st edition, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Kemenkes 2013, Riset Kesehatan Dasar, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Komisi Nasional Lanjut Usia 2010, Profil penduduk Lanjut Usia, Jakarta.

Lueckenotte, Annette G, Meiner, E., Sue 2006, Gerontologic Nursing, Third edition, Mosby, Philadelphia.

Maryam, R. Siti 2008, Mengenal Usia Lanjut dan Perawatannya, Salemba Medika, Jakarta.

Mugie 2009, Hipertensi pada lansia, kontrol ketat dan cegah komplikasi, diakses 20 Maret 2014,http://budhidharma.depsos.go.i

d/modules

Nugroho, Wahyudi 2008, Keperawatan Gerontik & Geriatrik, Edisi ke 3, EGC Jakarta.

Notoatmodjo, S 2007, Kesehatan Masyarakat Ilmu dan Seni,

Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Nwinee, J.P 2011, ‘Nwinee sociobehavioural self-care management

nursing model’. West African Journal of Nursing, vol. 22, no. 1,

hal. 91-98.

Peters, R. & Templin, T. N 2008, 'Measuring Blood Pressure

Knowledge and Self Care Behaviors of African Americans', NIH Public Access, vol. 31, no. 6, hal. 543-552.

Puspitaningrum, Ayunda 2013, 'Hubungan dukungan sosial keluarga terhadap keteraturan latihan fisik (senam) pada regulasi gula darah penderita diabetes mellitus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kebonsari Surabaya', skripsi, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

Sani, A, 2008, 'Clinical Practice Pocket Book Caradiovascular Disease Series: Hypertension Current Perspective', Medya Crea, Jakarta.

Sari, 2011, ‘Pengaruh PendidikanKesehatan Kelompok Terhadap Kepatuhan Diit Padaa Penderita Hipertensi Di Dusun Glagaharum

Desa Dukuharum Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Megaluh Jombang’,

skripsi, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Schnall, E 2005, 'Social Support: A role for social work in the treatment and prevention of hypertension', Ferkauf

Graduate School of Psychology Albert Einstein College of Medicine,

vol. 21, hal. 50-56.

Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J 2004, Community and public health

nursing, 6th edition, Mosby, USA. Yenni 2011, 'Hubungan dukungan keluarga dan karakteristik lansia dengan kejadian stroke pada lansia hipertensi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Perkotaan

Bukittinggi', tesis, Universitas Indonesia, Depok.

Zhong, X., Tanasugar, C., et al 2011,‘Awarnes and practice of self

management and influence factor among individuals with type diabetes inurban community setting in Anhui province, China. Xuefeng Zhong, Institute of Health Education’, Anhui Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention (AHCDC), vol.42, no. 21, hal. 184-196.

Zulfitri, R 2006, ‘Hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan perilaku lanjut usia hipertensi dalam mengontrol kesehatannya di wilayah kerja puskesmas Melur Pekanbaru’, tesis, Universitas Indonesia, Depok


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.