STUDI KOMPARASI MINUM SUSU HANGAT DAN TEH CHAMOMILE HANGAT TERHADAP PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN TIDUR LANSIA

Dani S. Widodo, Joni Haryanto, Abu Bakar

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijchn.v3i1.12217
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Abstract


Introduction: Sleep disorders in the elderly are caused by physiological changes. Warm milk and warm chamomile tea are able to accelerate the processes of sleep and were able to make sleep more comfort. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences between drinking warm milk and warm chamomile tea towards the needs of sleep on elderly.

Method: This study was used Quasy Experimental Design. The population were 25 elderly who experience sleep disruption at UPT PSLU Blitar Tulungagung. Samples were 18 elderly people who have been choosen through the inclusion criteria, and randomly divided into 3 groups: warm milk intervention group (n = 6), warm chamomile tea intervention group (n = 6) and control group (n = 6). The independent variable were drink warm milk and warm chamomile tea while the dependent variable was the compliance of sleep needs on elderly. Data were collected by using the Pittsburgh Sleep  Quality Index questionnaires. Data was analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann Whitney U Test  ≤ 0,05.

Result: The results had showed the effect of the intervention group use Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with p = 0.027 for warm milk and p = 0.027 for warm chamomile tea. The result of Mann Whitney U test was p = 0.743.

Discussion: It can be concluded that there were no difference in drinking warm milk and warm chamomile tea towards the needs of sleep on elderly. So, drink warm milk and warm chamomile tea are equally able to enhance the needs of sleep on elderly. Further studies are needed using combined methods, with more samples and more treatment to fulfill the sleep needs to maintain physical and psychic abilities elderly in the aging process


Keywords


warm milk; warm chamomile tea; sleeps need; elderly

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