AN OVERVIEW OF DEPRESSION TENDENCIES IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN KEBONSARI PRIMARY HEALTHCARE CENTER, SURABAYA CITY

Iftitah Shofiyati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijph.v15i3.2020.339-347
Abstract views = 391 times | downloads = 266 times

Abstract


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) occurs due to insufficient insulin production or insulin resistance in the human body. Type 2 DM also causes physical weakness, vision problems, risk of death, and depression. This study aimed to describe depression tendencies in patients with type 2 DM under treatment in Kebonsari Primary Healthcare Center, Surabaya city. This study was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. The research samples were 74 people with type 2 DM in the Kebonsari Primary Healthcare Center, Surabaya city. These respondents selected using simple random sampling had met the inclusion criteria.  These repsondents were aged more than 25 years old, did not experience psychological disorders, and had suffered from type 2 diabetes mellitus for 5 years. The data analysis was done using a univariate analysis by looking at the  frequency distribution of variables. The results indicate that the prevalence of patients with type 2 DM who tended to experience depression was at 50%. The majority of patients with type 2 DM who experienced depression were women (47.4%) and elderly (aged 46-65 years) (41.9%). Most of them had low education levels (62.2%), and some respondents had complications (37.8%) and poor family support (62.2%). Support from closest people such as family support can improve the adaptation of patients with the disease and can prevent psychological disorders, especially depression in patients with type 2 DM.

 

Keyword: type 2 diabetes mellitus, family support, depression tendencies.

Keywords


type 2 diabetes mellitus, family support, depression tendencies.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, R. J. et al. (2001) ‘The Prevalence of Comorbid Depression in Adults with Diabetes: a meta-analysis’, Diabetes Care, 24(6), pp. 1069–1078.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) Diabetes.

Egede, L. E. and Ellis, C. (2009) ‘Diabetes and Depression: Global Perpectives’, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 8(2), pp. 302–312.

Fatimah, R. N. (2015) ‘Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2’, J Majority, 4(5), pp. 93–101. doi: 10.2337/dc12-0698.

Garousi, S. and Garrusi, B. (2013) ‘Does Perceived Family Support has a Relationship with Depression and Anxiety in an Iranian Diabetic Sample’, International Journal of Caring Sciences, 6(3).

Handayani and Dewi (2009) ‘Analisis Kualitas Hidup Penderita dan Keluarga Pasca Serangan Depresi’, Psycho Idea, pp. 35–44.

International Diabetes Federation (2013) IDF Diabetes Atlas. Sixth edit, International Diabetes Federation. Sixth edit. Brfussels. Available at: www.idf.org/diabetesatlas.

Isworo, A. and Saryono (2010) ‘Hubungan Depresi Dan Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Kadar Gula Darah Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Di Rsud Sragen’, Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, 5(1), pp. 37–46. doi: 10.20884/1.jks.2010.5.1.255.

Kuminingsih (2013) Hubungan Dukungan Emosional Keluarga dengan Tingkat Depresi pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di RSUD Ambarawa. Ungaran.

Lutsman, P. J. et al. (2000) ‘Depression and poor glycemic control: a meta-analysis review of the literature’, Diabetes Care, 23(7), pp. 934–42.

Meidikayanti, W. and Umbul, C. (2017) ‘Hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan kualitas hidup Diabetes melitus tipe 2 di puskesmas pademawu’, Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 5(August), pp. 240–252. doi: 10.20473/jbe.v5i2.2017.240-252.

Indonesian Ministry of Health (2013) ‘RISET KESEHATAN DASAR 2013’.

Mufidah, S. (2018) Gambaran Tingkat Depresi pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus dengan Keluhan Penyerta di RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Mujabi, M. F. (2017) Hubungan Kadar Gula Darah dengan Tingkat Depresi dan Aktifitas Fisik pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus di Puskesmas gatak Sukoharjo. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (2010) ‘Depression, The Treatment anad Mangement of Depression in Adults (Updated Edition)’, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

National Institute of Mental Health (2011) Depression and Diabetes. Bathesda: National Institute of Mental Health.

Purwanti, O. S. (2013) Analisis Faktor-Faktor Risiko Terjadi Ulkus Kaki pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus di RSUD Dr. Moewardi. Universitas Indonesia.

Rajender, A. et al. (2016) ‘Study of Depression in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients’, International Journal Medical Science and Public Health, 5(9), pp. 1874–1877.

Ramanda, R. (2014) Gambaran Tungkat Depresi Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Purnama Pontianak Tahun 2013. Universitas Tanjungpura.

Ramdani, M. I. (2016) Gambaran Tingkat Depresi pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Rumah Sakit Umum Kardinah Kota Tegal. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif idayatullah.

Rehman, A. ur and Kazmi, S. F. (2015) ‘Prevalence and Level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus’, Ann. Pak. Inst. Med. Sci, 11(2), pp. 81–86.

Rihmer, Z. and Angst, J. (2005) ‘Mood Disorder: Epidemiology’, Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 8.

Riley, A. A., McEntee, M. L. and Gerson, L. (2009) ‘Depression as a Comorbidity to Diabetes: Implication for Management’, Journal for Nurse Practicioners, 5(7), pp. 523–535.

Sari, I. N. I. (2016) Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Depresi Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Di Graha Diabetika Surakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Sativa, O. (2015) Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dengan Derajat Depresi Pasien Diabetes Tipe II di RSUD Dr. Rivai Berau Kalimantan Timur. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Semenkovich, K. et al. (2015) ‘Depression in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence, Impact and Tratment’, Drugs, 75(6), pp. 577–587.

Supriati, L., Nasution, T. H. and Ilmansyah, F. A. (2016) ‘Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kejadian Depresi Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Di Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Gresik’, Majalah Kesehatan FKUB, 3(4), pp. 183–189.

Surabaya City Health Agency (2018) Laporan Program Pelayanan Kesehatan Penderita Hipertensi dan Diabetes Melitus Bulan Januari-September 2018. Surabaya.

Susanti, M. L. (2013) ‘Dukungan Keluarga Meningkatkan Kepatuhan Diet Pasien Diabetes Melitus di Ruang Rawat Inap RS Baptis Kediri’, Jurnal STIKES, 6(1).

Indonesian Ministry of Health (2014) Situasi dan Analisis Diabetes, Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. doi: 24427659.

Vamos, E. et al. (2009) ‘Comorbid Depression is Associated with Increased Healthcare Utilization and Lost Productivity in Persons with Diabetes: A Large Nationally Representative Hungarian Population Survey’, Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(5), pp. 501–507.

Yusra, A. (2011) Hubungan antara Dukungan Keluarga dengan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Poliklinik Penyakit Dalam Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Fatmawati Jakarta. Universitas Indonesia.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXING BY:

   

View My Stats