Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences <p>Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences (<a href="">p-ISSN: 1978-760X</a>, <a href="">e-ISSN: 2723-777X</a>) is published by Universitas Airlangga, and designed to be a refereed journal. It is one of the official journals of the East Java Anthropological Association. It is published biannually, with the main objective to provide an outlet for the publication of academic writing based on research, original thought, and commentaries from various social-cultural perspectives. We expect that the publication of the Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences will provoke more original thoughts that can be accessed by a wider audience so that it would benefit not only academicians but also laymen, practitioners, and other readers who have concerns about social-cultural issues. This journal welcomes original- and review articles not previously published in any other journals.</p> en-US <p align="justify">1. The authors agree to transfer the transfer copyright of the article to the Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences effective if and when the paper is accepted for publication. The authors can download the Copyright Transfer Agreement <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>.</p> <p align="justify">2. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a> (CC BY-NC-SA).</p> <p align="justify">3. Every publication (printed/electronic) is open access for educational purposes, research, and library. Other than the aims mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p> <p align="justify"><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><strong>IJSS by <a href="" rel="cc:attributionURL">Unair</a></strong> is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Myrtati Dyah Artaria) (Siti Rokhimah Hilma) Wed, 29 Nov 2023 18:49:23 +0700 OJS 60 Front Matter Vol 15 No 2, 2023 <p>The front matter contains a front cover, list of editorial teams, and table of contents for volume 15 issue 2 (2023)</p> Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Back Matter Vol 15 No 2, 2023 <p>The back matter contains guidelines for authors, index of authors, index of subjects, and a back cover of volume 15 issue 2 (2023)</p> Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Factors that affect girls’ dropping out of secondary-level education: A case study of a village in Bangladesh <p>Knowing the factors affecting girls’ dropping out is very important. In spite of stipends, free schoolbooks and other incentives given by the government, girls’ dropout rate at the secondary level is not decreasing as expected in Bangladesh. The key objective of this study is to find out the different factors that affect girls’ dropout. The respondents of this research were girls who were 14-30 years old and had dropped out of the secondary level. In this study, the research area was Bharsho village in Naogaon district, Bangladesh. Using the case study method, data for this study were collected from 21-03-2019 to 05-04-2019 from 12 respondents through face-to-face communication, with the help of an unstructured interview schedule. Findings show that several factors are responsible for girls’ dropout. These are--early marriage, poverty, pregnancy, distance from home to school, eve-teasing, teachers’ maltreatment, negative attitude of society towards girls’ acquisition of education, poor academic performance, lack of security and the notion that if a daughter is more educated, it will cause greater difficulty in getting an equally qualified husband. Among these factors, early marriage is the most prominent.</p> Ety Rani, Wardatul Akmam Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Perceived positive mental health and resilience of grade 6 students <p>Positive mental health plays a pivotal role in overall health and wellness. The study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived positive mental health and resilience of grade 6 students in Tagbitan-ag Elementary School and to identify the levels of positive mental health and resilience. The study utilized a non-experimental quantitative correlational research design. The data was collected using an adapted survey questionnaire and was conducted on the selected 80 grade 6 learners employing convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using the Mean and Pearson-Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The study results showed that grade 6 students had a moderately high level of perceived positive mental health and resilience. It was also found that perceived mental health is associated with the students' resilience. That suggests that individuals with higher levels of positive mental health are also more likely to have higher levels of resilience or vice-versa.</p> Claris Ann Baul, Arcel Cabasaan, Jollie Myr Dalisay, Jovenil Bacatan Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The influence of ethical leadership on teaching performance in public higher learning institutions <p>Employee performance is often problematic in the competition of organizations in a globalization and industrialization era. The purpose of this research is to investigate how ethical leadership influences teaching effectiveness in Tanzania's Public Higher Learning Institutions. The study focuses on how academic staff teaching performance is affected by role clarification and integrity. The study's target population includes 4,863 academic staff members at public HLIs in Tanzania, and 350 respondents were chosen from this group using a stratified simple random selection technique. Employees at public HLIs are bound to an ethical code of conduct and ethical values, and they are required to perform better so that the entire community can obtain high-quality educational services. Employee performance, on the other hand, is mediocre. A lack of required resources, inadequate leadership, low employee motivation, role ambiguity, and a lack of ethical guidance cause unsatisfactory performance; nevertheless, it is uncertain how much ethical leadership influences employee performance in teaching. The information was acquired by a self-administered questionnaire with closed-ended questions, and it was statistically examined through regression analysis. The findings show that role clarification and integrity have a positive impact on employees' performance in teaching in HLIs. HLI's leadership should take the lead in fostering ethical leadership among its employees by complying with laws and regulations (ethics codes).</p> Elias Mseti Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of the impact of insecurity on youth unemployment in Nigeria (1990-2020) <p>Youth unemployment is a very important socioeconomic problem in Nigeria, which has gone bad in recent years. Therefore, using the ordinary least square estimation technique (OLS), this research examines the impact of insecurity on youth unemployment in Nigeria from 1990 to 2020. The study focuses on the relationship between the dependent variable, unemployment (Unemp), and two independent variables, the National Terrorism Index (Ntix) and Crime Rate (Crat). The results reveal that Ntix has a positive and statistically significant effect on Unemp. Specifically, a unit increase in Ntix leads to a 0.000827 rise in unemployment. Additionally, Nigerian Crat demonstrates a significant and positive influence on Unemp, with an increase in Crat resulting in a 0.005653 increase in unemployment. Given that heightened insecurity directly contributes to unemployment, the study proposes several policy recommendations. Firstly, the government should consider reducing interest rates in commercial banks to enhance the availability of loans for small business owners, enabling them to hire more employees. Furthermore, addressing corruption in both public and private sectors, combating kidnappings, and establishing additional skill acquisition centers are crucial measures to tackle the issue of insecurity and promote employment opportunities.</p> Ibrahim Musa Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Embracing virtual support: A phenomenological study on the lived experiences of Filipino guidance counselees during the Covid-19 pandemic <p>The Covid-19 pandemic profoundly impacted student and faculty well-being, necessitating a closer examination of guidance counselee experiences in virtual counseling. This research aims to address the unique challenges and benefits of virtual counseling during crises and improve guidance counseling delivery. This qualitative research explored the experiences and challenges of Filipino guidance counselees during virtual counseling amid the pandemic using phenomenological inquiry. Ten purposively selected participants underwent in-depth interviews, then the information was transcribed and analyzed thematically. Analysis revealed three major themes: Psychological struggles, challenges of virtual counseling, and the importance of virtual counseling. Participants discussed psychological struggles, pre-existing mental health conditions, and challenges like poor Internet connectivity. They emphasized the significance of virtual counseling for well-being. The findings underscore recognizing and addressing counselees' psychological struggles during the pandemic. Effective support must mitigate challenges like technological literacy and resource constraints. Virtual counseling maintains connections despite social distancing restrictions. This research provides valuable insights into guidance counselee experiences during the Covid-19 pandemic in the Philippines. It emphasizes embracing virtual counseling advantages while addressing specific challenges. Policymakers and school leaders should recognize counselor expertise and provide comprehensive support. Further research is recommended to develop interventions for different age groups and educational levels. Understanding and supporting guidance counselees to promote mental health and overall development.</p> Anna Patricia B. Agoncillo Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700