ANALISIS PARAMETER SOSIO-DEMOGRAFIK PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT

Jalaludin ., Anwar Fahri

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jeba.V23I22013.4526
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Abstract


Demography has two main aspects, i.e. quantity and quality aspects. The two aspects may be studied through
their trends, distributions, growth, and compositions. The demographic process, such as fertility, mortality, and
migration, on the other hand, are the factors affecting the dynamics of the demographic aspects. This study
aimed at analyzing the socio-demographic parameter or the demographic dynamics of NTB according to the
data from the Population Census of 2010. This study specifically analyzed secondary data in which the main
data came from the series of result of the Population Census conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics. The
data analysis was carried out using descriptive method by utilizing the statistical tables and graphs to find the
trend or the development of the parameter taken as the analytical object.
According to the result of the analysis, it could be concluded that: a) the Population Growth Rate of NTB had
sharply decreased during the last 3 decades, even to the extent of becoming the fifth lowest in Indonesia during
the decade of 2000-2010. However, the distribution was uneven in which most of the population (70%) were
concentrated in Lombok Island, whose size is only a quarter of the whole area of NTB; b) the gender ratio of
NTB population was the lowest in Indonesia, i.e. 94.26 compared to the national average which reached
101.37; c) the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) dropped from 7.0 in 1971 to 2.4 in 2010 and the most drastic decrease was recorded during the decade of 1990-2000 in which the TFR dropped as much as 61.3% from 5.0 to 3.0.
Likewise, the Infant Mortality Rate dropped from 221 per 1000 live births in 1971 to 48 in 2010; d) the quality of
NTB population reflected by the Human Development Index (IPM, Indeks Pembangunan Manusia) was very
low which was the second lowest after Papua Province. Besides, there was a gap of IPM among the
municipalities/regencies in which Mataram City and Bima City had the IPM far above the provincial rate while
the other regencies had far below the provincial rate of IPM.
Keywords: Population, quantity, quality

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