Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR <p><strong>Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform</strong> (<strong><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20211117211073505" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-issn: 2962-9578</a></strong>) is a peer reviewed open access scientific journal published by <strong>Universitas Airlangga.</strong> The scope for<strong> Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform</strong> includes: <em>public policy, governance, administrative reform</em>. Each volume of <strong>Journal of Governance and Administrative</strong> Reform is counted in each calendar year that consists of 2 issues. <strong>Journal of Governance and Administrative</strong> is published twice per year every June and December. Articles published in <strong>Journal of Governance and Administrative</strong> include: Article research, Article review of literature studies and book reviews in the field of public administration. Articles could be written in either Bahasa Indonesia or English. Contributors for <strong>Journal of Governance and Administrative</strong> are researchers, lecturers, students, public administration academics, practitioners of private organizations and government practitioners to be able to identify and dialogue about the philosophy, theory and practices of public administration which are considered to improve their performance in Indonesia and worldwide.</p> <p> <img src="https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/thumbnail.jpg" alt="" /></p> en-US <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p><strong>Jurnal Governance and Administrative Reform</strong> by <a href="http://www.unair.ac.id/" rel="cc:attributionURL">Unair</a> is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p align="justify">1. The journal allows <span class="m_-8872622167488361851m_3889253648079045002m_3801934354951983127m_-2782718132241447849m_-7691471417709598651m_7256872056212528454m_3794665997207553305gmail-animated">the author to hold the copyright of the article without restrictions</span>.</p> <p align="justify">2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions</p> <p align="justify">3. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (CC BY-SA).</p> <p align="justify">4. The Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (CC BY-SA) license allows re-distribution and re-use of a licensed work on the conditions that the creator is appropriately credited and that any derivative work is made available under “the same, similar or a compatible license”. Other than the conditions mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p> philipus-k@fisip.unair.ac.id (Philipus Keban, S.IP., M.Si) nanang.haryono@fisip.unair.ac.id (Nanang Haryono, S.IP., M.Si) Fri, 17 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Survival Mechanism Pekerja Migran Indonesia Purna Tugas https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37930 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>Since the WHO declared the COVID-19 pandemic on December 1, 2019, the first group to be laid off were migrant workers. For migrant workers who are laid off one way is to return to their country of origin, including Indonesian Migrant Workers (PMI). For PMIs who work undocumented, they must be deported. PMI departed undocumented, mostly from Sampang, Madura, East Java. The number of PMI from Sampang who have been deported since COVID 19 took place was 886 people. To respond to this situation, research on improving the survival mechanism of the post-employee PMI in marketing the products of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) through the use of social media in the district of Sampang, Madura, East Java, contributes to their survival. This research method begins with conducting a Focus Group Discussion to map out the difficulties of post-employee PMI in marketing products so that they can find the right marketing solutions, especially through the use of social media. The FGD involved stakeholders among retired PMIs such as the Indonesian Migrant Workers Union (SBMI), the industry office, BP2MI, the cooperative service, village heads, religious leaders from Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and youth organizations. Furthermore, in-depth interviews and observations were carried out. The last stage is to analyze the data that correlates the data with the theory used in reviewing the survival mechanism, namely community empowerment. The result of the research is that the recycled handicraft products of garbage and chips, crackers and various types of food using mass media as a medium to disseminate local product marketing content will be optimized by residents, so that local residents get sufficient correct and useful information as a reference. One of the uses of PMI's post-duty mass media is making the Shopee application. They have learned to make products for social media, starting with compiling video scripts, designing marketing posters, and packaging. Shopee has various types of promo programs that buyers can enjoy, such as discount promos and free shipping. Thus, the retired PMI will be trained to produce and market their business as their survival mechanism.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: survival mechanism,&nbsp; former Indonesian migrant workers, micro small and &nbsp;medium enterprise</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Sejak ditetapkan <a href="https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandemi">pandemi</a>&nbsp;COVID-19 oleh&nbsp; WHO pada tanggal 1 Desember 2019, menjadi kelompok pertama yang diberhentikan adalah pekerja migran. &nbsp;Bagi pekerja migran yang diberhentikan salah satu jalan kembali ke negara asal, termasuk Pekerja Migran Indonesia (PMI). Bagi PMI yang berkerja secara <em>undocumented</em>, mereka harus dideportasi. PMI berangkat secara <em>undocumented</em>, terbanyak adalah kabupaten Sampang Madura Jawa Timur. PMI asal Sampang yang dideportasi, sejak COVID 19 berlangsung sebesar 886 orang. Untuk merespon situasi ini maka penelitian peningkatan <em>survival mechanism</em> PMI purna tugas dalam memasarkan produk Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) melalui pemanfaatan media sosial di kabupaten Sampang Madura Jawa Timur&nbsp; memberikan kontribusi untuk kelangsungan hidup mereka. Metode penelitian ini diawali dengan melakukan <em>Focus Group Discussion</em> untuk memetakan kesulitan PMI purna tugas dalam memasarkan produk sehingga dapat menemukan solusi pemasaran yang tepat, terutama melalui pemanfaat media sosial. FGD melibatkan stakeholder dikalangan PMI purna tugas seperti Serikat Buruh Migran Indonesia (SBMI),&nbsp; dinas perindustrian, BP2MI, dinas koperasi, kepala desa, tokoh agama Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) dan karang taruna. Selanjutnya dilakukan <em>indepth interview</em> dan observasi. Tahap terakhir melakukan analisa data yang mengkorelasikan antara data dengan teori yang digunakan dalam mengkaji <em>survival mechanism, </em>yaitu pemberdayaan masyarakat. Hasil penelitian adalah produk kerajinan daur ulang sampah dan keripik, kerupuk serta berbagai jenis makanan dengan pemanfaatan media massa sebagai medium untuk menyebarkan konten pemasaran produk lokal akan dioptimalkan oleh warga, sehingga warga setempat mendapatkan kecukupan informasi yang benar dan bermanfaat sebagai rujukan. Pemanfaatan media massa PMI purna tugas salah satunya membuat aplikasi <em>Shopee</em>. Mereka sudah belajar membuat produk untuk media sosial yang dimulai dengan menyusun naskah video, desain poster pemasaran, dan <em>packaging</em>. <em>Shopee</em> mempunyai berbagai jenis program promo yang dapat dinikmati oleh para pembeli, seperti promo potongan dan gratis ongkir. Dengan demikian, PMI purna tugas akan terlatih untuk memproduk dan memasarkan usaha mereka sebagai <em>survival mechanism </em>mereka.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>: mekanisme kelangsungan hidup, mantan pekerja migran Indonesia, usaha&nbsp; mikro kecil dan menengah</p> Irfan Wahyudi, Rachmah Ida, Toetik Koesbardiati, Sri Endah Kinasih, Delta Bayu Murti Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37930 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Pelayanan Kesehatan Dasar Pada Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat: Studi Kasus Literasi Kesehatan Remaja Putri di Kecamatan Plumpang Kabupaten Tuban https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37929 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>Improvements in health care can increase longevity, improve health outcomes, and increase productivity. Dysmenorrhea is menstrual cramps or pain that is felt in the lower abdomen or in the waist, can be like heartburn, aches, or pain like being pricked. From the results of the initial survey on 10 young women, 8 people experienced primary dysmenorrhea. This is because young women do not know enough about dysmenorrhea and its handling properly. This study aims to describe the knowledge and treatment of dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls in Ngrayung Village, Plumpang District, Tuban Regency. This study uses a descriptive method with a cross sectional design approach. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The total population is 100 young women and a sample of 80 respondents. The instrument used is a pain scale based on a verbal multidimensional scoring system (VMSS) scale. The results of the study showed that almost half of young women had good knowledge of dysmenorrhea 45% and half of young women had less than 50% knowledge of handling dysmenorrhea. From the description above, it can be concluded that it is important for young women to know about dysmenorrhea and the management of dysmenorrhea. Lack of knowledge of dysmenorrhea and knowledge of handling dysmenorrhea due to lack of exposure to information, lack of health education, and experience. Efforts that can be made to increase the knowledge of young women are by counseling or approaching young women to add information such as reading from various media, asking health workers, family or friends</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> health services, knowledge of dysmenorrhea, handling of dysmenorrhea</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Perbaikan dalam pelayanan kesehatan dapat meningkatkan umur panjang, meningkatkan hasil kesehatan, dan meningkatkan produktivitas. Dismenorea merupakan kram atau nyeri menstruasi yang dirasakan di bagian perut bawah atau di pinggang, dapat bersifat seperti mules-mules, ngilu, atau nyeri seperti ditusuk-tusuk. Dari hasil survey awal pada 10 remaja putri didapatkan 8 orang mengalami dismenorea primer. Hal itu disebabkan remaja putri belum cukup banyak mengetahui dismenorea serta penanganannya secara baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan dan penanganan dismenorea pada remaja putri di Desa Ngrayung Kecamatan Plumpang Kabupaten Tuban. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan desain cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu simple random sampling. Jumlah populasi 100 remaja putri dan sampel 80 responden. Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu skala nyeri berdasarkan skala verbal multidimensional scoring system (VMSS). Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa hampir setengahnya remaja putri berpengetahuan baik tentang dismenorea 45% dan setengahnya remaja putri memiliki pengetahuan penanganan dismenorea kurang 50%. Dari uraian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa penting bagi remaja putri untuk mengetahui dismenorea dan penanganan dismenorea. Kurangnya pengetahuan dismenorea dan pengetahuan penanganan dismenorea dikarenakan kurangnya paparan informasi, kurangnya pendidikan kesehatan, dan pengalaman. Upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan remaja putri yaitu dengan penyuluhan atau melakukan pendekatan kepada remaja putri untuk menambah informasi seperti membaca dari berbagai media, bertanya kepada tenaga kesehatan, keluarga atau teman.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci:</strong> pelayanan&nbsp; kesehatan, pengetahuan dismenorea, penanganan dismenorea</p> Devi Andra Puspita, Yasin Wahyurianto Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37929 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Utilization And Application Of Research Findings In The Nigerian Public Sector – A Call For Change https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37931 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>Research outcomes or findings are regarded in developed nations as important in expanding existing knowledge on any phenomenon in the society. This is because it fosters growth of logical reasoning and it is crucial for socio-economic progress of the society. Findings from the study showed that the Nigerian government does not appreciate the importance of research outcomes or finding that is why the public sector is backward in terms of socio-economic development due to neglect of the research component in the economy; some of the importance of research findings include: The current status of research in the country is not encouraging to foster socio-economic development because Research and its findings as a tool for socio-economic development has not been properly put into use or applied appropriately; among the challenges besetting utilization and application of research findings are: lack of implementation of research findings, lack of reliable and valid data, secrecy and inadequate funding from both government and nongovernmental organizations. A content analysis and a descriptive research technique was employed for obtaining data through the use of secondary sources; e.g. reviewing of existing literature on the topic under investigation; the paper recommends&nbsp; that research should be adequately funded by the government with the support of the private sector, Research findings should be given priority and must be fully utilized and applied in policy formulation and implementation to achieve desired socio – economic growth and development and that: Research findings should be made available to the public for use in solving the human problems.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: </em>research findings, utilization, meaningful development and growth, content analysis, nigerian public sector</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Hasil atau temuan penelitian di negara maju dianggap penting dalam memperluas pengetahuan yang ada tentang fenomena apa pun di masyarakat. Hal ini karena mendorong pertumbuhan penalaran logis dan sangat penting untuk kemajuan sosial ekonomi masyarakat. Temuan dari studi menunjukkan bahwa pemerintah Nigeria tidak menghargai pentingnya hasil penelitian atau temuan itu sebabnya sektor publik terbelakang dalam hal pembangunan sosial-ekonomi karena mengabaikan komponen penelitian dalam perekonomian; beberapa temuan penelitian yang penting antara lain: Status penelitian di tanah air saat ini tidak mendorong untuk mendorong pembangunan sosial-ekonomi karena Penelitian dan temuannya sebagai alat untuk pembangunan sosial-ekonomi belum dimanfaatkan atau diterapkan secara tepat; Di antara tantangan yang melanda pemanfaatan dan penerapan temuan penelitian adalah: kurangnya implementasi temuan penelitian, kurangnya data yang dapat diandalkan dan valid, kerahasiaan dan pendanaan yang tidak memadai baik dari pemerintah maupun lembaga swadaya masyarakat. Analisis isi dan teknik penelitian deskriptif digunakan untuk memperoleh data melalui penggunaan sumber-sumber sekunder; misalnya meninjau literatur yang ada tentang topik yang diselidiki; makalah ini merekomendasikan bahwa penelitian harus didanai secara memadai oleh pemerintah dengan dukungan sektor swasta, Temuan penelitian harus diprioritaskan dan harus dimanfaatkan dan diterapkan sepenuhnya dalam perumusan dan implementasi kebijakan untuk mencapai pertumbuhan dan pembangunan sosial-ekonomi yang diinginkan dan bahwa: Temuan penelitian harus tersedia untuk umum untuk digunakan dalam memecahkan masalah manusia.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>: temuan penelitian, pemanfaatan, perkembangan dan pertumbuhan yang berarti, analisis konten, sektor publik Nigeria</p> Matthew Funsho Bello, Keneth Mela, Lydia Yakubu Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37931 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Pelaksanaan Inovasi Pelayanan Kesehatan Pada RSUD Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto: Studi Kasus Program Si Bina Cantik Bingits https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37932 <p><em><strong>Abstract</strong></em></p> <p><em>This research was conducted by looking at the urgency of change in public service in the health sector by innovating health services. This innovation made for public service is an obligation of the government in creating new services that are easier, cheaper, affordable, and equitable for all people. This innovation was carried out as a form of breakthrough from the previous program in improving the quality of services in the health sector. This study aims to analyze public service innovation in the health sector, especially at Margono Soekarjo Hospital, Purwokerto by using a new innovation program, Si Bina Cantik Bingits. iIn this study, researchers used the new public service approach with the principle of serve citizen, not customer. The result of this study indicates that RSUD Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto has implemented public service innovations through Si Bina Cantik Bingits to facilitate access to services to the community and has fulfilled the quality of public service in accordance with the Serve Citizen, Not Customer aspect.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong>: Si Bina Cantik Bingits; New Public Service; Serve Citizen</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan melihat urgensi perubahan pelayanan publik di bidang kesehatan dengan melakukan inovasi pelayanan kesehatan. Inovasi pelayanan publik yang dilakukan ini merupakan kewajiban pemerintah dalam menciptakan pelayanan baru yang lebih mudah, murah, terjangkau, dan merata bagi seluruh masyarakat. Inovasi ini dilakukan sebagai bentuk terobosan dari program sebelumnya dalam peningkatan kualitas pelayanan di bidang kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis inovasi pelayanan publik di bidang kesehatan khususnya di RS Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto dengan menggunakan program inovasi baru yaitu Si Bina Cantik Bingits. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan pendekatan new public service dengan prinsip serve citizen, not customer. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa RSUD Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto telah menerapkan inovasi pelayanan publik melalui si bina cantik bingits untuk mempermudah akses pelayanan kepada masyarakat dan telah memenuhi kualitas pelayanan publik sesuai dengan aspek melayani warga, bukan pelanggan.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>: si bina cantik bingits; new public service; melayani warga</p> Azra Hafidzah, Riska Febrianti Nur Laili, Diffa Zettira Zein Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37932 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Tata Kelola Kolaboratif dalam Penanganan Permasalahan Anak Pekerja Migran https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37933 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>The large number of sending migrant workers abroad indicates that the problem of migrant workers in East Java is of course very complex. One of them related to the problem is the children of Indonesian migrant workers (PMI). The problems that arise are vulnerable to the influence of criminality such as brawls, drugs, free sex and pregnancy before marriage. This is why special attention needs to be paid to children whose parents have left them as Indonesian migrant workers (BMI). To respond to this situation, this research is very important with the problems faced by children of migrant workers (APM). Therefore, this study identifies problems faced by children who are abandoned by migrant worker parents, as well as programs that have been developed in Purwodadi village, Donomulyo sub-district, Malang district, one of which is the development of short film production for APM as a vehicle for creativity. and means of communication with parents abroad. The next part of this research is in-depth interviews and observations, whether so far the making of short films can be accessed openly by APM until now. The next stage is to analyze the data that connects the data with the theory used in assessing the responsibilities of surrogate parents, the community and the government in providing protection for children's basic rights in the form of making short films. APM who are members of the community, have collected APM's perception and creativity in terms of survival and child development. For this reason, the production of short films is a collaborative governance program between Non-Governmental Organizations, namely LPKP, the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), parents as PMI, APM and village government in this case posyandu cadres.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>:</em> <em>children of Indonesian migrant workers, problems of children of migrant workers, collaborative governance</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Banyaknya pengiriman jumlah pekerja migran ke luar negeri menandakan permasalahan pekerja migran di Jawa Timur pun tentunya sangat kompleks. Salah satunya terkait permasalahannya adalah anak pekerja migran indonesia (PMI). Permasalahan yang muncul adalah rentan terhadap pengaruh kriminalitas seperti tawuran, narkoba, seks bebas dan hamil sebelum menikah. Hal inilah perlu adanya perhatian khusus terhadap anak-anak yang ditinggal orang tuanya sebagai buruh migran Indonesia (BMI). Untuk merespon situasi ini maka penelitian ini sangat penting dengan masalah yang dihadapi oleh anak-anak pekerja migran (APM). Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini mengidentifikasi masalah yang dihadapi anak-anak yang ditinggalkan oleh orang tua pekerja migran, serta program-program yang sudah dikembangkan di desa Purwodadi, kecamatan Donomulyo, kabupaten Malang, yang salah satunya pengembangan produksi film pendek bagi APM sebagai wahana kreativitas dan sarana komunikasi dengan orang tua di luar negeri. Bagian selanjutnya dari penelitian ini adalah indepth interview dan observasi, apakah selama ini pembuatan film pendek bisa diakses secara terbuka oleh APM hingga saat ini. Tahap selanjutnya melakukan analisa data yang menghubungkan antara data dengan teori yang digunakan dalam mengkaji pertanggungjawaban orang tua pengganti, masyarakat dan pemerintah dalam memberikan&nbsp; perlindungan terhadap hak-hak dasar anak dalam bentuk pembuatan produksi film pendek. APM yang tergabung dalam komunitas, telah menghimpun persepsi dan kreativitas APM dalam hal kelangsungan hidup dan tumbuh kembang anak. Untuk itu pembuatan produksi film pendek merupakan program collaborative governance antara Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat yaitu LPKP, International Labour Organisation (ILO) dan United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), orang tua sebagai PMI, APM dengan pemerintahan desa dalam hal ini kader posyandu.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>: anak pekerja migran indonesia, permasalahan anak pekerja migrran, <em>collaborative governance</em></p> Toetik Koesbardiati, Sri Endah Kinasih, Delta Bayu Murti, Rachmah Ida, Irfan Wahyudi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Governance and Administrative Reform https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JGAR/article/view/37933 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700