JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN 2022-04-28T05:45:02+00:00 Aditya Sukma Pawitra, S.KM, M.KL. Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan (journal of environmental health) with registered number <a href="" target="_blank">ISSN 1829-7285</a> (printed) and <a href="" target="_blank">ISSN 2540-881X</a> (online) is a scientific open access journal published by Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga and collaboration with <a href="" target="_blank">The Indonesian Public Health Union (PERSAKMI)</a>. Our journal vision to become a media of research results dissemination of scientific work of various groups, academics, practitioners, and government agencies. Since 2018, this journal published four times in January, April, July, and October. Open Journal Systems (OJS) has been applied for all processes in Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan.</p><p>For an author, please read these journal guidelines. If the manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will <strong>BE REJECTED</strong> by the editors before further review. All the articles received will be reviewed by peer-reviewers with double-blind methods.</p> Spatial Patterns of Environmental Sanitation Factors as Determinants of Toddlers’ Diarrhea in Pauh District, Padang City in 2021 2022-03-28T02:02:22+00:00 Andika Agus Iryanto Yura Witsqa Firmansyah Wahyu Widyantoro Annisa Zolanda <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> The Padang City Health Office reported 9,452 diarrhea cases in 2019, 2,248 in toddlers. The Pauh District reported 413 diarrhea cases, 110 of which occurred in toddlers. Spatial analysis was used to assess environmental sanitation as determinant of toddlers’ diarrhea incidence in Pauh District, Padang City.<strong> Methods:</strong> This observational study used a cross-sectional approach. The population was 4,653 toddlers, and the sample was 100 toddlers. The independent variables in this study include environmental sanitation factors such as the quality of clean water (presence of Escherichia coli), the condition and quality of the waste container, the quality and condition of sewerage, and the density of flies in the trash and household sewerage. The spatial analysis used was Moran Index I to examine the distribution pattern of variables. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The incidence of diarrhea in toddlers, unstandardized household waste containers, unqualified waste sewerage, high fly density in household trash bins, and high fly density in sewerage was randomly distributed with a Moran index consecutively -0.130524; 0.315524; 0.153129; -0.174424; -0.025798. Then, clean water quality, waste management, and sewerage conditions that did not meet the requirements were randomly distributed with a Moran index of -0.158512; -0.160688; -0.117502. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The spatial pattern of environmental sanitation factors as determinants of the incidence of diarrhea in toddlers was randomly distributed, and there was no autocorrelation found among the villages in Pauh District.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Shallot, Bantul Regency 2022-03-31T02:43:03+00:00 Cicik Oktasari Handayani Edi Martono Rika Harini <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Shallots are one of the horticultural products in great demand by the public. Excessive heavy metal content in shallot will affect people's health who consume it. This study examines the health risks of the people who consume shallot products produced in Srigading Village. <strong>Methods:</strong> Determination of sampling locations was carried out by purposive sampling method on shallot cultivation land that was ready to harvest, as many as 30 points, in September 2021. Soil and shallot samples were tested for the heavy metal content of Pb, Cd, Co, and Ni. The public health risk assessment was analyzed by looking at the Transfer Factor (TF) value, daily intake, health risk index, hazard index, and cancer risk. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The concentration of heavy metals in shallots is Pb 19.14 – 30.04 mg kg-1, Cd 1.03 – 2.21 mg kg-1, Co 8.58 – 15.08 ppm, and Ni 6.00 – 10.09 mg kg-1. The average value of Transfer Factor (TF) shows metal uptake by shallots with metal levels Cd (1.07) &gt; Pb (1.03) &gt; Ni (0.73) &gt; Co (0.46). The average daily dose shows that the daily consumption in children is higher than the daily dose for adults. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Children are more at risk of being exposed to heavy metals compared to adults in consuming shallots based on the hazard index value. The continuous use of chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides in shallot farming must be controlled to prevent the increase of accumulation of heavy metals in land and agricultural products.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Spatial Analysis of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) Based On the Air Pollution Standard Index (PSI) at DKI Jakarta Region in 2018-2019 2022-03-28T02:02:32+00:00 Istianah Surury Melikhatun Azizah Nastiti Dyah Prastiwi <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a health problem causing global morbidity and mortality in Indonesia, with 18.8 billion cases and more than six million deaths observed in 2016. Between 2013 and 2018, the diagnosis of ARI prevalence reportedly experienced a 10% decrease from 12.5-2.5%, within 10 provinces, including DKI Jakarta, Indonesia. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study aims to identify the spatial analysis of ARI events using an ecological method, based on the Air Pollution Standard Index (PSI) at DKI Jakarta between 2018 and 2019. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> Data analysis was performed by mapping case description through Quantum GIS, correlation assessment, as well as linear regression with SPSS scatter plot. Based on the bivariate analysis, the correlation assessment and linear regression of the ARI event with PM<sub>10</sub> had positive regression in 2018 and 2019, at (R)0.649 and (R)0.0630, respectively. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The highest PM<sub>10</sub> values in Kelapa Gading and Cipayung districts increased the case of ARI fluctuations within two years. Therefore, the environmental health service office focused on the air quality evaluation and prevention control of ARI cases.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Community Preparedness for Earthquakes Based on Settlement Environment Analysis. 2022-03-28T02:02:40+00:00 Nurrobikha Nurrobikha Novrikasari Novrikasari Yuanita Windusari Misnaniarti Misnaniarti Ikhsan Ikhsan Andries Lionardo Azhar Kholiq Affandi Henni Febriawati Pitri Noviadi <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Bengkulu is located on an active collision zone between two tectonic plates, namely the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. As the result, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and tidal waves are common in Bengkulu. Sepang Bay is part of Bengkulu Province adjacent to the ocean, making it vulnerable to earthquakes and tsunamis. This study aims to examine the relationship between the residential environment and natural disaster preparedness in Sepang Bay, Bengkulu Regency. <strong>Methods:</strong> The type of research used is analytical observation with cross-sectional design. Data are collected from interviews, questionnaires, observations, and documentation from a total of 100 respondents selected by proportional random selection from each neighborhood in Sepang Bay Village, based on the proportion of heads of family in each neighborhood. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> When an earthquake occurs, there is a relationship between the residential environment and the community’s preparedness. As the existing supporting infrastructure is not properly utilized, people who live in substandard settlements do not have adequate equipment to deal with seismic disasters. When an earthquake occurs, there is a relationship between the settlement environment and the community’s preparedness. Because the existing supporting infrastructure is not being used properly, people who live in poor settlements have poor preparedness as well. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The Sepang Bay Village Community, Bengkulu, which is located along the Panjang Beach, found a relationship between the settlement environment and earthquake preparedness (p = 0.021, PR 2.127).</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Food Sanitation and Hygiene Practice in Foods Purchasing during the Early Period of Covid19 Pandemic in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia: An Online Study 2022-03-28T03:38:17+00:00 Prisca Petty Arfines Nikson Sitorus Ika Saptarini Bunga Christita Rosha Nurillah Amaliah <p class="isiabstrakeng" style="text-align: left;" align="left"><em><strong><span lang="EN-US">Introduction: </span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The Covid19 pandemic has greatly impacted all aspects of life, including the behavior of food purchasing. This study aims to identify the description of food hygiene and sanitation practices as part of the food safety aspect in the practice of food purchasing in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia. <strong>Methods: </strong>Data collection was conducted online in May 2020 from 411 respondents including data on sociodemographic, the proxy of knowledge level, perceptions, sources of information related to food handling, and the practice of food sanitation, and hygiene during the pandemic. Food sanitation and hygiene practices were assessed using a composite index of variables based on the Five Keys to Safer Food and preventive measures during the pandemic. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess factors associated with food sanitation and hygiene practices. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> Sufficient practice on food sanitation and hygiene is still relatively low (41.6%). An increased risk of poor food sanitation and hygiene practices was observed in people with less attention on the virus transmission while doing direct shopping, had a non-permanent job, single source of information on food handling during a pandemic, and were currently not married. Changes in the frequency of direct food purchasing and method of online food purchasing were shown as protective factors to better food and sanitation hygiene practice. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The food sanitation hygiene practices of consumers during the pandemic in Indonesia are classified as unfavorable. Educational interventions using multi-source of media information are recommended to promote good hygiene food sanitation practices during the pandemic.</span></em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Environmental Health Risk Assessment of Air Pollutants in Online Motorcycle Taxi Drivers in the Special Capital Region of Jakarta 2022-03-28T04:16:37+00:00 Meithyra Melviana Simatupang Erna Veronika Ahmad Irfandi Rahmi Garmini <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Online motorcycle taxi drivers spend most of their time outside as either driving or waiting for their customers. Therefore, chances of exposure to various air pollutants are higher and may cause various health problems, especially the respiratory problems. <strong>Methods:</strong> This is a descriptive study that used the Environmental Health Risk Analysis method to estimate the Risk Quotient (RQ) from exposure to PM<sub>10</sub>, SO<sub>2</sub>, CO, O<sub>3</sub>, and NO<sub>2</sub> in drivers. The RQ was calculated based on exposure concentrations from the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Environment Agency; daily working hours, working days in a year, and working period obtained from interviews; additionally, body weight measurement, reference concentration (RfC), and the default value of inhalation intake were also collected. The population of this study was adult online motorcycle taxi drivers who operate around areas which become the air quality measurement stations in the Special Capital Region of Jakarta with a total sample of 81 people. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The RQ for all minimum, average, and maximum concentrations of SO<sub>2</sub>, CO, and NO<sub>2</sub> were &lt;1. While for the average and maximum concentrations of PM10 and the maximum concentration of O<sub>3</sub>, the RQ was &gt;1. The safe concentrations, work duration, and the number of working days also surpassed the maximum safety limit levels. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> PM<sub>10</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> ambient exposures are categorized unsafe for drivers. Environmental health efforts are necessary to reduce the concentration of air pollutants, and the guidelines to reduce pollutants exposure should be provided for drivers.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN A Spatial Analysis of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Hygiene, and Latrines in Depok City in 2020 2022-03-28T05:38:58+00:00 Salsabila Naim Sutanto Priyo Hastono Sukma Rahayu Martina Puspa Wangi <p><em><strong>Introduction:</strong> Depok is one of the areas in West Java with an increasing Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) trend. In 2017, 548 DHF cases were reported, and this increased to 1,276 cases in 2020. It is necessary to control and map influencing factors on DHF incidence to detect endemic areas and reduce its spread. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study was conducted to identify a spatial autocorrelation between DHF, hygiene, and clean latrines in Depok in 2020. The data were obtained from the Depok City’s Health Profile published in 2020. The Moran’s I and local indicator of spatial association (LISA) univariate and bivariate analysis methods were performed using the GeoDa application. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> DHF (Moran’s I = 0.32), hygiene (Moran’s I = 0.25) and clean latrines (Moran’s I = 0.24) had a significant positive autocorrelation with the clustered pattern. This indicated that data patterns clustered had similar characteristics in the area. Villages in the high-high DHF incidence quadrant were Kukusan, East Beji, Beji, Tanah Baru, Kemirimuka, Depok, Pancoran Mas, and Depok Jaya. In general, there was no spatial autocorrelation neither between DHF and hygiene, nor DHF and clean latrines. However, in some urban villages, significant autocorrelations between these variables were discovered. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> DHF incidence in this study formed a clustered pattern. Influencing factors, such as hygiene and clean latrines, followed the same pattern. Besides that, a spatial autocorrelation was also apparent between DHF and hygiene, as well as DHF and clean latrines in several urban villages in Depok.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Malaria Incidence Trends and Their Association with Climatic Variables in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2014–2020 2022-03-30T09:21:11+00:00 Muhammad Rasyid Ridha Liestiana Indriyati Juhairiyah Juhairiyah Harninda Kusumaningtyas <p><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong><em> Malaria is still a worldwide health problem, which includes Indonesia. Vector-borne diseases are climate-sensitive and this has raised extended concern over the implications of global climate change on future disease risk. This study aims to analyze the relationship between climate factors and malaria cases in East Kalimantan Province as an illustration to assist the malaria elimination program. <strong>Methods:</strong> Laboratory confirmation of malaria cases 2014-2020 was analyzed for trends derived from the E-Sismal data. Decomposition analysis was performed to assess seasonality. Climatic data (humidity, temperature, and rainfall) were analyzed with the incidence of malaria using Spearman rank correlation and model analysis with Poisson regression. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The API value did not decrease significantly, which was only 0.07% from 2014 to 2020, but there was a change in the number based on the type of parasite from Plasmodium falciparum to vivax, which means that program intervention efforts have occurred, while Plasmodium vivax can relapse. There was a seasonal trend decomposition of monthly Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax from December to March. Relative humidity shows a positive correlation while monthly temperature shows a negative correlation with P. vivax malaria cases each month. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The outputs from this study are going to be useful at numerous levels of decision-making, for example, in fitting associate early warning and property methods for temperature change and climate change adaptation for malaria infection management programs in East Kalimantan.</em></p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN