Analysis of Sociodemographic and Information Factors on Family Behaviour in Early Detection of High-Risk Pregnancy

behaviour family high-risk pregnancy


  • Ika Mardiyanti
    Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Shrimarti Rukmini Devy Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Ernawati Ernawati Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, Indonesia


Introduction: Pregnancy and childbirth are physiological processes experienced by women, but they sometimes have risky conditions. There are still many pregnant women and their families who are unable to detect a high-risk of pregnancy early. This study aims to determine family behaviour in conducting early detection of a high-risk of pregnancy in terms of sociodemographic and information factors.

Methods: This study uses an explanatory survey design with a cross sectional design. The sample size of this study was 146, with simple random sampling. The independent variables were sociodemographic factors (age, gender, ethnicity, education, income and religion) and information factors (experience, and media exposure) while the dependent variable is family behaviour. The instrument with the questionnaire used the Likert scale. The data was analysed using partial least square.

Results: The results showed that Structural Equation Modelling-Partial least square (SEM-PLS) statistical analysis, through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), obtained sociodemographic factors on family behaviour of 1,999, and information factors on family behaviour of 13,78. The value of the influence of sociodemographic factors (0.102) and the value of the influence of information factors (0.754). R2 (0.63) and Q2 value of 0.65.

Conclusion: Sociodemographic  factors and information factors significantly influenced family behaviour factors in early detection of high-risk of pregnancy. Information factors have a greater effect on family behaviour than sociodemographic factors. Midwives as health service providers at the health care centre need to optimize family empowerment through health information efforts in health promotion efforts. Further research requires the involvement of other factors to improve family behaviour, especially in the ability of families to detect early high-risk pregnancies.