A Systematic Review of Excessive Social Media Use: Has It Really Affected Our Mental Health?

Apriana Rahmawati, Dona Muji Fitriana, Risna Nur Pradany

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v14i3.17061

Abstract views = 3769 times | downloads = 3039 times


Introduction: Social media use has been rapidly increasing over the past few years. Research and practice have mostly focused on the positive impacts of social media, intending to understand and support the various opportunities afforded by this particular technology era. However, it is increasingly observable that social media also involves enormous risks for individuals, communities, firms and even for society as a whole. This systematic review aimed to establish the negative impacts on mental health related to the excessive use of social media.

Methods: As many as 15 articles were generated from Scopus, ScienceDirect and Ebscohost. The reviewers independently screened the titles and abstracts in addition to assessing the studies. The study design varied in rigorousness over the quantitative as well as qualitative studies.

Results: The result for this study are that having an average daily screen time (more than 2 hours a day) is positively associated with social media addiction. Avoidant attachment was associated with more problematic social media use.

Conclusion: Avoidant attachment was associated with more problematic social media use. Thus, an abstinence of several days from social media consumption can caused a reduction in perceived stress.


social media; mental health; depression; quality of life

Full Text:



Baccarella, C. V., Wagner, T. F., Kietzmann, J. H., & McCarthy, I. P. (2018). Social media? It’s serious! Understanding the dark side of social media. European Management Journal, 36(4), 431–438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2018.07.002

Chung, K. L., Morshidi, I., Yoong, L. C., & Thian, K. N. (2019). The role of the dark tetrad and impulsivity in social media addiction: Findings from Malaysia. Personality and Individual Differences, 143(February), 62–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.02.016

Dhir, A., Yossatorn, Y., Kaur, P., & Chen, S. (2018). Online social media fatigue and psychological wellbeing—A study of compulsive use, fear of missing out, fatigue, anxiety and depression. International Journal of Information Management, 40(February), 141–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2018.01.012

Hawi, N., & Samaha, M. (2019). Identifying commonalities and differences in personality characteristics of Internet and social media addiction profiles: traits, self-esteem, and self-construal. Behaviour and Information Technology, 38(2), 110–119. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2018.1515984

Hawk, S. T., van den Eijnden, R. J. J. M., van Lissa, C. J., & ter Bogt, T. F. M. (2019). Narcissistic adolescents’ attention-seeking following social rejection: Links with social media disclosure, problematic social media use, and smartphone stress. Computers in Human Behavior, 92(October 2018), 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.10.032

He, Q., Turel, O., & Bechara, A. (2018). Association of excessive social media use with abnormal white matter integrity of the corpus callosum. Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging, 278(January), 42–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2018.06.008

Kircaburun, K., Jonason, P. K., & Griffiths, M. D. (2018). The Dark Tetrad traits and problematic social media use: The mediating role of cyberbullying and cyberstalking. Personality and Individual Differences, 135(July), 264–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.034

Nisar, T. M., Prabhakar, G., Ilavarasan, P. V., & Baabdullah, A. M. (2019). Facebook usage and mental health: An empirical study of role of non-directional social comparisons in the UK. International Journal of Information Management, 48(September 2018), 53–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.01.017

Shen, X., Wang, H. Z., Rost, D. H., Gaskin, J., & Wang, J. L. (2019). State anxiety moderates the association between motivations and excessive smartphone use. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-0127-5

Sirola, A., Kaakinen, M., Savolainen, I., & Oksanen, A. (2019). Loneliness and online gambling-community participation of young social media users. Computers in Human Behavior, 95(July 2018), 136–145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.01.023

Turel, O., Cavagnaro, D. R., & Meshi, D. (2018). Short abstinence from online social networking sites reduces perceived stress, especially in excessive users. Psychiatry Research, 270(November), 947–953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.11.017


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ners

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:





This journal is published by:


          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association


Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Current Stats

Previous Stats