Mental-Emotional Disorder among Post-Earthquake Responders in Ambon Maluku

Cut Mutia Tatisina, Ahmad An Naufal, Hamdan Hariawan

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v15i2.18970
Abstract views = 245 times | downloads = 137 times

Abstract


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to explain the factors related to mental-emotional disorder among post-earthquake responders in Ambon, Maluku.

 

Methods: The design was observational analytics with a cross-sectional approach. Respondents were 174 people living near the epicenter and taken by simple random sampling. The independent variables were age, sex and work status, damage to the residence, the family members dying from earthquakes, and assistance from the government. The dependent variable was mental-emotional disorders. Data of mental-emotional disorder were collected using the SRQ 20 (Self-Reported Questionnaire) and analyzed using logistic regression (α <0.05).

Results: The results showed 69% of respondents experienced mental-emotional disorders. Communities who were 17-25 years (OR = 0.05; 95% CI = 0.005 - 0.491) tend to experience mental-emotional disorders. Communities with moderate category of residence damage (OR = 0.313; CI95% = 0.115 - 0.856) tend to experience mental-emotional disorders. Communities with family members dying from earthquakes (OR = 2,616; CI95% = 1,228 - 5,577) tend to experience mental-emotional disorders. Communities who did not get residence compensation (OR = 2,575; CI95% = 1,073 - 6,177) tend to experience mental-emotional disorders.

Conclusion: There were factors related to mental-emotional disorder among post-earthquake victims, such as teenagers who were 17-25 years old, community with residence damage and injured or died family members, and those who did not get assistance. Assisting still needs to be done to prevent mental-emotional disorders of people affected by earthquake.


Keywords


mental-emotional disorder; post-earthquake

Full Text:

PDF

References


AHA Centre. (2019). M 6.5 Earthquake In Ambon, Indonesia. Jakarta.

Allison, G., Jessica, W., & Brown, L. M. (2017). Disaster Mental Health Services Review of Care for Older Persons After Disasters. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2017.60

Ampuero, D., Goldswosthy, S., Delgado, L. E., & J, C. M. (2015). Using mental well-being impact assessment to understand factors influencing well-being after a disaster. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 33(3), 184–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/14615517.2015.1023564

Asim, M., Ahammed, M., Sathian, B., Elayedath, R., Kumar, R., Simkhada, P., & Teijlingen, E. van. (2019). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among the Flood Affected Population in Indian Subcontinent. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 9(1), 755–758. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v9i1.24003

Furukawa, H., Takeuchi, T., Yano, E., & Muto, S. (2015). Factors Influencing Psychological Distress After The Great East Japan. Journal OfCommunity Psychology, 43(5), 521–526. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop

Idaiani, S., Prihatini, S., Suryaputri, I. Y., & Indrawati, L. (2014). Mental Emotional Disorder Pattern of Indonesian Population: A Study of National Basic Health Research 2007 and 2013. J Indon Med Assoc, 64(April), 170–176.

Kajihara, C., Munechika, M., Sano, M., Kaneko, M., & Jin, H. (2017). Changes in the Functions for Continued Healthcare Services during a Disaster. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 32(S1), S54–S55. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1049023x17001510

Kc, J. K., Fitzgerald, G., & Chhetri, M. B. P. (2019). Health Risks and Challenges in Earthquake Responders in Nepal : A Qualitative Research. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 34(3), 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19004370

Kusdiah Gemeliarini, I. G. A., & Helmi, M. (2018). Earthquake Capacity Assessment Based on Geospatial Model At North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. E3S Web of Conferences, 73, 03014. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20187303014

Lawrence, W. R., Lin, Z., Lipton, E. A., & Birkhead, G. (2019). After the Storm: Short-term and Long-term Health Effects Following Superstorm Sandy among the Elderly. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 13(1), 28–32. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.152

Maipark. (2018). Statistical Report on Catastrophic Event: Ambon Earthquake 2019. Jakarta.

Mendelson, T., Turner, A. K., & Tandon, S. D. (2010). Social Class As Moderator of the Relationship Between (Dis)Empowering Processes and Psychological Empowerment. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(5), 607–621. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop

OCHA Indonesia. (2018). 7.0M Earthquake Lombok, Indonesia.

Pollack, A. A., Weiss, B., & Trung, L. T. (2016). Mental health, life functioning and risk factors among people exposed to frequent natural disasters and chronic poverty in Vietnam. BJPsych Open, 2(3), 221–232. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002170

Rifati, L. (2012). Higher risk of probable mental emotional disorder in low or severe vision subjects. Health Science Journal of Indonesia, 2(1 Apr), 9–13. https://doi.org/10.22435/hsji.v2i1Apr.55.9-13

Saulnier, D. D., Brolin Ribacke, K., & Von Schreeb, J. (2017). No Calm after the Storm: A Systematic Review of Human Health Following Flood and Storm Disasters. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 32(5), 568–579. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X17006574

Thoresen, S., Birkeland, M. S., Arnberg, F. K., Wentzel-larsen, T., & Blix, I. (2019). Long-term mental health and social support in victims of disaster : comparison with a general population sample. BjPsych Open, 5(2), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.74

Yamanouchi, T., Hiroshima, M., Takeuchi, Y., Sawada, Y., Takahashi, M., & Amagai, M. (2017). Factors Associated With Worsened or Improved Mental Health in the Great East Japan Earthquake Survivors. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2017.10.005


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ners

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

   

   

      

 

This journal is published by:

 

          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association

 

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

 

Current Stats

Previous Stats