A Correlation between Working Environment and Job Experience Toward Culture Shock among Indonesian Nurses in Japan

Erwin Yektiningsih, Asti Melani Astari, Yulian Wiji Utami

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v16i1.23824
Abstract views = 837 times | downloads = 384 times

Abstract


Introduction: Indonesian nurses living and working in Japan with a culture likely to be very different from their own may be additional sources of culture shock, feeling confusion and discomfort when living in a new country. They also experience difficulties in maladaptive adjustments to the new environment to overcome culture shock, then they get stressed in a working environment which can   decrease   work motivation and quality of performance.

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional approach with a non-probability sampling method. The sample is 90   Indonesian nurses having been working in Japanese hospitals, both those passing the National Board Examination (NBE) and those not. Working environment (job satisfaction, colleague, rule of employment) and job experience were independent variables and culture shock was dependent variable. Work environment research instruments were from the revised questionnaire modification Scale of Socio-Cultural Adaptation (SCAS-R), the substance of work performance, job experience questionnaire and the Culture Shock Questionnaire (CSQ). Data analysis used Spearman-rho and multiple logistic regression statistical tests.

Results: The average of respondents who did not experience culture shock or normal  was 44 (49%) and respondents who experienced culture shock were a poor level of 36 (40%) and moderate level of 10 (11%). Job satisfaction (ρ value = 0.001) and colleague (ρ value = 0.000) have a significant correlation with culture shock. Rule of employment (ρ value = 0.174) and job experience (ρ value = 0.209) were not significant with culture shock. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to figure out the predictors that influence the change in culture shock status while a colleague (β = 2.445, p value < 0.000).

Conclusion: The results of the research showed that colleagues in the work environment had a significant influence effect on cultural shock. Therefore, it is necessary to provide social support to adaptive adjustment and stress management to Indonesian nurses in Japan so that they can impact increased quality performance.

Keywords


nurse; culture shock; working environment; job experience

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arianti, R. K. (2013). Pengaruh profesionalisme, pelatihan dan motivasi terhadap kinerja nurse dan caregiver Indonesia.JurnalMercubuana,III(2),55–60. http://digilib.mercubuana.ac.id/manager/t!@file_artikel_abstrak/Isi_Artikel_531469639826.pdf.

BNP2TKI. (2018). Pengumuman pembekalan kemampuan Bahasa Jepang bagi pencari kerja program G to G ke Jepang. Retrieved Oktober 24, 2018, from http://www.bnp2tki.go.id/read/12172/PENGUMUMAN-PENDAFTARAN-PENEMPATAN-CALON-KANDIDAT-TKI-NURSE-KANGOSHI-DAN-CALON-KANDIDAT-TKI-CAREWORKER-KAIGOFUKUSHISHI-PROGRAM-G-TO-G-KE-JEPANG-TAHUN-2018.html

BP2MI. (2020). 5 skema penempatan pekerja migran Indonesia. Retrived Oktober 18, 2019, from http://www.bnp2tki.go.id

David Bardwell Mumford. (2000). Culture Shock among Young British Volunteers Working Abroad: Predictors, Risk Factors and Outcome. Transcultural Psychiatry, 37(1), 73–87. https://doi.org/10.1177/136346150003700104

Deputi Bidang Penempatan BNP2TKI. (2018). Deputi Bidang Penempatan G to G Jepang. Retrived Oktober 18, 2019,from http://www.bnp2tki.go.id

Doki, S., Sasahara, S., & Matsuzaki, I. (2018). Stress of working abroad : a systematic review. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 91(7), 767–784. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1333-4

Efendi, Ferry; Nursalam, Nursalam; Ulfiana, Elida; Fauziningtyas, R. (2019). Situational Analysis of Career Choices among Indonesian Nurses Returnees. Development, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(2), 296–299 . doi: 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00305.X

Efendi, F., Chen, C., Nursalam, N., & Indarwati, R. (2016). Lived experience of Indonesian nurses in Japan : A phenomenological study. https://doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12108

Ekspor, W. (2018). Potensi ekspor sektor jasa tenaga kesehatan Indonesia. Kementrian Perdagangan RI, 1–20. Retrived Oktober 17, 2018, from http://djpen.kemendag.go.id

Handayani, R. (2018). Adaptasi Antar Budaya Menghadapi Culture Shock Di Jepang. Proceeding International Conference of Japanese Language Education (ICoJLE), October, 26–33.

Hatanaka, Kaori and Tanaka, T. (2016). Cross-cultural factors that influence adjustments of foreign care workers in Japan: towards a three-layered structural model. International Journal of Health and Life-Sciences, 2(3), 1–17. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.20319/lijhls.2016.23.0117

Hongfei Dua, Xiaoming Lib, Danhua Linc, and C. C. T. (2016). Collectivistic orientation, acculturative stress, cultural self- efficacy, and depression: A longitudinal study among Chinese internal migrants. Community Ment Health, 51(2), 239–248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-014-9785-9

Iqbal, Muhammad and Verdaningrum, A. (2016). Pengaruh culture shock dan adversity quotient terhadap kepuasan kerja tenaga kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Hongkong. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah, 7(2), 101–112. doi:10.14203/jkw.v7i2.745

Ishikawa, Y. and S. (2018). Social and cultural issues of Indonesian migrant nurses in Japan. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing, 10(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2018.v10i01.007

Kemenaker RI. (2003). Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomer 13 tahun 2003 tentang ketenagakerjaan. Retrieved Oktober 17, 2018, from https://pih.kemlu.go.id/files/UU_ tentang ketenagakerjaan no 13 th 2003.pdf

Kemenkes, R. (2017). Infodatin Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian RI (pp. 1–12). Kemenkes RI. RetrievedOktober17,2018,fromhttp://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin perawat 2017.pdf

Kurniati, A, M.Chen, Efendi, F., & Ogawa, R. (2017). A deskilling and challenging journey : the lived experience of Indonesian nurse returnees. December 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12352

Mosayebi, M., Alaee Karahroudy, F., Rassouli, M., & Nasiri, M. (2018). Correlation of Occupational Stress with Professional Self-concept in Pediatric Nurses. Journal of Health Promotion Managment, 6(6), 23–29. https://doi.org/10.21859/jhpm-07044

Ningsih, R. (2019). Pendidikan keperawatan, tantangan dan peluang ke depan. Posmetro Padang. Retrieved Oktober 17, 2018, from https://posmetropadang.co.id/pendidikan-keperawatan-tantangan-dan-peluang-ke-depan/

Nugraha, S., & Ohara-hirano, Y. (2018). The Mental Health Predictors of Indonesian EPA Nurses and Certified Care Worker Candidates in Japan 1. 58(1), 85–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12100

Nugraha, S., & Ohara-Hirano, Y. (2016). The Mental Health Predictors of Indonesian EPA Nurses and Certified Care Worker Candidates in Japan. Japanese Psychological Research, 58(1), 85–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12100

Ohno, S. (2012). Southeast Asian nurses and caregiving workers transcending the national boundaries. Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 49(4), 541–569. https://doi.org/10.1177/003754970107600201

Olivia Numminen, Eija Ruoppa, Helena Leino‐Kilpi, Hannu Isoaho, Maija Hupli, R. M. (2015). Practice environment and its association with professional competence and work‐related factors: perception of newly graduated nurses. Journal of Management Nursing, 25(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12280

Rino, Yuniarsih, T., Suwatno, & Kusnendi. (2019). The influence of knowledge management mediation and work motivation on leadership and organizational task performance. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 124(2), 887–892. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200305.155

Roesfitawati. (2018). Potensi ekspor sektor Jasa tenaga kesehatan Indonesia. Warta Ekspor Kementerian Perdagangan RI, 53. Retrieved Oktober 17, 2018, from http://djpen.kemendag.go.id

Sae Tanaka, Hitomi Matsunaga, N. N., Shibayama, K., Ishibashi, A., Akinaga, K., Kakihara, N., Fukuyama, Y., & Shinchi, K. (2016). Factors related to Japanese Nurses ’ Tolerance Toward Indonesian Nurse Trainees. Asian Journal of Human Services, 11, 1–17. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.14391/ajhs.11.1

Soegoto, E. S., & Narimawati, U. (2017). The contribution of stress management and good employee. The Open Psychology Journal, 10, 154–160. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874350101710010154

Stuart, G. . (2016). Prinsip dan praktik keperawatan jiwa Stuart (terjemahan) Jilid 1 & 2. Elsevier.

Utami, Ngesti W, dkk. (2016). Etika keperawatan dan keperawatan profesional (1st ed.). Kemenkes RI BPPSDM Kesehatan . Retrieved Oktober 17, 2018, from http://bppsdmk.kemkes.go.id/pusdiksdmk/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Etika-Keperawatan-dan-Keperawatan-Profesional-Komprehensif.pdf.

Wilson, J. (2013). Cross-Cultural Competence: Theory, Research, and Application.. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 44(6):843-848. doi: 10.1177/0022022113493716


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ners

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

   

   

      

 

This journal is published by:

 

          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association

 

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

 

Current Stats

Previous Stats