Personality Factor, Self Efficacy and Prevention of Cervical Cancer among Childbearing Age Women

Ni Ketut Alit Armini, Iqlima Dwi Kurnia, Fani Lailatul Hikmah

Abstract views = 679 times | downloads = 767 times


Introduction: Cervical cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Bad cervical cancer prevention program cause delays in treatment. Thus, leading most of the respondents had cervical cancer in advance stadium. The study aims to determine the correlation of personal factors, self efficacy in the prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age.

Methods: The study design was descriptive correlative with cross sectional approach. The population were all women of childbearing age in Puskesmas Kenjeran Surabaya. Samples were 64 respondents gathered by using simple random sampling. The independent variable were the personal factor and self efficacy. The dependent variable was the primary and secondary prevention efforts. Data were analyzed using Spearman's rho test to determine the variables which associated with the prevention of cervical cancer.

Results: The results showed the correlation between personal factors and prevention of cervical cancer with p = 0.025 (α ≤ 0.05). While self efficacy had no correlation with the prevention of cervical cancer with p = 0.094 (α ≤ 0.05).

Discussion: Personal factors related to the prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age, while self efficacy is not related to the prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age. For the next researcher to use other variables of the theory Health Promotion Model to take steps to prevent cervical cancer.


women of childbearing age; cervical cancer; self efficacy; personal factors

Full Text:



Anthony M et al, 2010. Stroke prvnton: Awaeeness of risk factors for Stroke Among African american Resident in the Missisipi Delta Region. Journal of the National Medical Assosiation, 102(2), pp.84–89.

Bandura, A., 1994. Self-efficacy. In V.S Ramachaudran (Ed), Encyclopedia of human behavior, New York: acadmc press.

Candraningsih, 2011. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan WUS Tentang Kanker Serviks dengan Praktek Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks di BPS Is Manyaran Semarang. Available at: http// watan/search.

Chusairi,A & Hartini, N., 2003. Health seeking behavior pada penderita paliatif, surabaya: Airlangga.

Depkes, 2011. kejadian kanker serviks. Available at: (

Herman, 2014. Kesadaran untuk Deteksi Dini kanker Serviks Masih Rendah. Media Release. 4 Juli. Yayasan Kanker Indonesia. Available at:

.( 4/kesadaran-untuk-deteksi-dini-kankerserviks-masih-rendah/)

Rahayu s, 2010. Peran kader paguyupan perempuan waspada kanker (PPWK) dalam mei=ningkatkan kesadaran masyarakat untuk deteksi dini kanker servik. Universitas 11 maret.

Rosenstock, I.M., 1976. The health belief model and preventive health behavior. Health education Monographs,

Supartiningsi, 2003. Peran ganda perempuan , sebuah analisis filosofi kritis. Jurnal filsfat.

Tommey, A.M & Alligood, M.., 2006. Nursing theorists and their work.Six Edition.St. Louis Missouri, Mosby.Verralls,S six editio.,

Wilopo, 2010. Epidemiologi dan Pencegahan Kanker Leher Rahim. Available at:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal NERS

This journal is indexed by:





This journal is published by:


          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association


Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Current Stats

Previous Stats