Meningkatkan Respon Psikologis Tenaga Kerja Indonesia yang Terinfeksi HIV Melalui Dukungan Keluarga dan Peer Group Support

Tintin Sukartini, Nursalam Nursalam, Eka Mishbahatul, Candra Panji Asmoro, Misutarno Misutarno

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.V11I22016.251-255
Abstract views = 244 times | views = 307 times

Abstract


Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or damaging the function of cells of the immune system. A lot of new detected HIV transmission source comes from former workers who work abroad. The challenge is how to improve the psychological response of people living with HIV (PLWHA) to be able to socialize confident and not worry about the stigma. The purpose of this study is to implement the model of family support Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and Peer Support Group through modules implemented by families and peer groups. 

Methods: This study was used a quasy-experimental. Population in this study were the PLWHA who contracted during work abroad as migrant workers in East Java. Samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable were the family and peer group support, the dependent variable was the psychological response of respondents. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability and results were tested using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with alpha ≤0.05 and supported by the implementation of the focus group respondents as a reinforcement of the qualitative results.

Results: The results showed that this method can improve psychological response of the PLWHA during labor as migrant workers abroad with a significance value of p=0.040. Qualitative results stated that the majority of respondents found the meaning of life that is surrendered to God Almighty.

Discussion: Family and peer group support can be used to increase the psychological response of the PLWHA during work abroad as migrant workers. Future studies are expected to use a larger sample so as to have a control group.

 


Keywords


family support; peer group support; psychological response; TKI (Indonesian Labor); Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

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