Bedside Teaching: Is it Effective Methods in Clinical Nursing Students Learning?

Fatikhu Yatuni Asmara

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v9i1.2954
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Abstract


Introduction: Clinical learning is the centre of medical students education. Students not only learn about practical skills but also communication with patient and other health care givers which both competencies are useful for students when they come into working world (Spencer, 2003). There are variations of methods applied in clinical learning process; one of them is bedside teaching. The aim of this study was to observe the bedside teaching process which is held in group of students, teacher, and patient. Another aim was to know responses of students, teacher, and patients to the bedside teaching process.

Methods: The method which was applied in this study is observation in which bedside teaching process was observed related to the roles and function of each component of bedside teaching: students, teacher, and patient in each phase: preparation, process, and evaluation. Then it was continued by interview to know the responses of students, teacher, and patient related to bedside teaching process.

Results: The result showed that both students and teacher felt that bedside teaching is an effective method since it helped students to achieve their competences in clinical setting and develop their communication skill. Furthermore teacher stated that bedside teaching facilitated her to be a good role model for students. As well as students and teacher, patient got advantage from the bedside teaching process that she got information related to her case; however the time to discuss was limited. During the observation, each component of bedside teaching did their roles and function, such as: during the preparation teacher asked inform consent from patient, and patient gave inform consent as well while students prepared the material.

Conclusion: Suggestion for next research is conducting a deeper study about perception of students, teacher, and patient about bedside teaching process and the strategies to develop it to be better method.

Keywords


bedside teaching; clinical learning; nursing students

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References


Conigliaro, R. 2009. Bedside teaching.CeCentral. (online). http://www.cecentral.com/activity/2255. diakses tanggal 27September 2011.

Cox, K., 1993. Planning bedside teaching-2.Preparation before entering the wards.The Medical journal of Australia, 158,355-358.

Dornan, T., Boshuizen, H., King, N., dan Scherpbier, A., 2007. Experience-based learning: A model linking the processes and outcomes of medical students’workplace learning. Medical Education,41, 84-91.

Koens, F., Mann, K.V., Custers, J. F. M., dan Ten Cate, O. T. J., 2005 Analyzing the concept of context in medical education. Medical Education, 39, 1243-1249.

LaCombe, M. A. 1997. On bedside teaching. Annals of Internal Medicine, 126 (3):217-220.


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