Technical Indicators of Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr) with Traveling Time 20, 40 and 60 Km/H

Yogo Apriyanto, Nursalam Nursalam, Arie Sunarno

Abstract views = 833 times | downloads = 3776 times


Introduction: Ambulances had special rule of velocity. Ambulances could accelerate over 80 km/h and could break through traffic light. During transport the patient might be got cardiac arrest. Almost all of the pre hospital nurses had reported that doing CPR during transport was difficult. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of traveling time 20 km/h, 40 km/h and 60 km/h on technical indicators of CPR.

Methods: Design used in this study was pre-experiment. The population were nurses in ambulances 118 of Dr. Soetomo hospital Surabaya. A total of 14 respondents were taken as samples by purposive sampling. The independent variable was effectiveness of traveling time, while the dependent variable were technical indicators of CPR: Tidal Volume (TV), landmark hand position, deep of chest compression and chest compression rhythm in manekin. Data were measured by observation sheet and then analyzed using Chi-square test with level of significance α ≤ 0.05.

Result: The result showed that travelling time 20 km/h and 40 km/h had a significant effect on technical indicators of CPR, but not at 60 km/h.

Conclusion: It could be concluded, the faster the travelling time, the more difficult to perform CPR. Further study should involve the travelling time and the accuracy of CPR technical indicators to treat and safe the patients, either in traumatic or non traumatic case.


travelling time; technical indicators of CPR; ambulances 118

Full Text:



Karjono, J., 1991. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran. Surabaya: UPF Ilmu Penyakit Jantung FKUA, hlm. 37–39.

Lars , W. et al . , 2 0 0 5 . Quality of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest, (Online), (, diakses tanggal 22 Oktober 2008 jam 08.00 WIB).

Presiden, Republik Indonesia, 1992. Lalu Lintas dan Angkutan Jalan, (Online), (, diakses tanggal 22 Oktober 2008 jam 08.18 WIB).

Simovic, V., 2007. Ambulans Pra Rumah Sakit., (Online), (, diakses tanggal 22 Oktober 2008 jam 08.20 WIB).

RSUD Dr. Soetomo dan FK UNAIR, 2008. Materi pelatihan GELS (General Emergency Life Support). Surabaya: RSUD Dr Soetomo dan FK UNAIR.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal NERS

This journal is indexed by:





This journal is published by:


          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association


Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Current Stats

Previous Stats