The Pattern of Breastfeeding and Providing Supplement Increase Nutritional Status For 7–24 Month Children

Esti Yunitasari, Hesti Permanasari, Retnayu Pradanie

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v5i1.3925
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Abstract


Introduction: Infants grow and develop rapidly therefore they tend to suffer from malnutrition when they couldn’t get adequate nutrition. The infant nutrient status is influenced by many factors such as the breastfeeding pattern and the providing supplement meal pattern. The purpose of this study was to analyze correlation between breastfeeding and providing supplement with 7–24 month child nutritional status.

Methods: This study used cross sectional design. Population was mothers who were breastfeeding and providing supplemental meal to their infants age 7 to12 months at Nuri Posyandu, in Kademangan Puskesmas. Samples consisted of 16 mothers with their infants, enrolled based on inclusion criteria. The independent variables were breastfeeding pattern and providing supplement meal pattern. The dependent variable was the nutritional status of the infant age 7 to 12 month. Data were collected by questionnaire and the infant weight was interpreted using Road to Health Card (KMS) then analyzed by spearman’s rank test with significance level ofα ≤ 0.05.

Results: Result showed a strong correlation between breastfeeding pattern and nutritional status of the infant age 7 to 12 months (p = 0.001) and adequate correlation was also found between the providing supplement meal pattern and the nutritional status of the infant of 7 to 12 months (p = 0.036).

Conclusion: In conclusion, both of breastfeeding and providing supplement meal correctly have correlation to the good infant nutritional status. Further studies should use other designs that enable data to be collected more than once to obtain better reliability in accuracy.

The Pattern of Breastfeeding and Providing Supplement Increase Nutritional Status For 7–24 Month Children


Keywords


growth record; weight; posyandu; breastmilk

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References


Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2000. Pedoman Pemberian Makanan Pendamping ASI (MP-ASI). Jakarta: Depkes.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2002. Pedoman Umum Gizi Seimbang. Jakarta: Depkes.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2006. Pemberian Umum Pemberian Makanan Pendamping ASI Lokal. Jakarta: Depkes.

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Indarwati, 2009. Struktur Keluarga dan Lama Ibu Menyusui di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Grogol Sukoharjo, (Online), (http://www.stikessolo.co.cc/web_documents/struktur_keluarga.pdf., diakses tanggal 12 Juni 2009, jam 19.00 WIB).


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