The Changes of Behaviors and Cognitive Functions by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the Drug Abusers

Herni Susanti

Abstract views = 1172 times | downloads = 4024 times


Introduction: This study was aimed to find out the effect of CBT on the behaviors i.e. depressive, agressive and antisocial behaviors as well as cognitive functions of patients who were treated in rehabilitation unit at a drug addiction hospital (Rumah Sakit Ketergantungan Obat) in Jakarta.

Method: The research design was Quasi experimental pre-post test without control group by providing intervention: CBT for 6 sessions (10–12 times intervention). The population was all patients in the rehabilitation unit with a nursing diagnosis: low self esteem and/or inffective coping strategies. There were 23 participants who involved in this investigation. The data was analized by using dependent and independent sample t, and anova tests.

Result: The results showed that p value for depressive behaviours, agressive behaviurs, antisocial behaviors, and cognitive functions were 0.914; 0.001; 0.039; 0.003 respectively. The outcomes indicated that there was significant impact of CBT on agressive behaviors, antisocial behaviors, and cognitive functions (α = 0.05, p value < 0.05), but not on depressive behaviors (α = 0.05, p value > 0.05).

Discussion: It is argued that depressive symptoms might not be apparent for the users in rehabilitative phase. The findings also showed that there was significant relation between antisocial behaviors and the length of drug usage. This affirms exsiting concepts in that long drug usage brings about serious damage in the users' behaviors and cognitive functions. It is recommended, therefore, to include CBT as an important intervention for clients with drug abuse problems who are cared in rehabilitation center.

The Changes of Behaviors and Cognitive Functions by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the Drug Abusers


srugs abuse; behaviors; cognitive functions

Full Text:



Barrowclough, 2002. Randomized Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, and Family Intervention for Patients with Comorbid Schizophrenia and Substance Use Disorders. American Jurnal Psychiatry, 158, 1706–1713.

Bergen, H.A., Martin, G., Richardson, Allison, AS., dan Roeger, S., 2004. Sexual abuse, anti sosial behaviour and subtance use: gender diffrences in Young community adolecents. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38: 34–41.

Badan Narkotika Nasional, 2009. Penyalahgunaan dan Ketergantungan NAPZA. (online) (, diakses tanggal 30 Mei 2010 dari pukul 17.00 WIB)

Castelanos, N. dan Conrod, P., 2006. Brief interventions targeting personality risk factors for adolesecent substance misuse reduce depression,panic and risk-taking behaviours. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 15, 645–658.

Chamberlain, J.M., 2009. Disentangling Aggressiveness and Assertiveness within the MMPI-2 PSY-5 Aggressiveness Scale. Tesis, Michigan: Kent State University


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal NERS

This journal is indexed by:





This journal is published by:


          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association


Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Current Stats

Previous Stats