Studi Fenomenologi: Kebijakan Pemerintah dalam Pemberian Jaminan Pemeliharaan Kesehatan bagi Masyarakat Miskin yang Mengalami Masalah Kesehatan Jiwa

Achir Yani S. Hamid, Mustikasari Mustikasari, Ria Utami Panjaitan, Purwadi Purwadi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v6i1.3972
Abstract views = 1214 times | downloads = 1287 times

Abstract


Introduction: Limited of government’s budget for psychiatric patients has contributed to the expenses should be paid from out of pocket of the poor patients. The purpose of this research was to describe the Government policy on health social security insurance for the poor people experiencing psychiatric problems in DKI Jakarta.

Methods: Qualitative research method was used with phenomenology approach to identify and describe the themes relevant to government public policy in providing health insurance for poor people with mental health problems. An in-depth interview and focus group discussion were used to collect data from different informants: service user, healthcare provider, local government policy maker. The qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis.

Results: The study revealed the following themes: from user perspective (understanding of psychiatric disorder, social security network/JPKM, right and obligation, the advantage and barrier for receiving services, expectation from care provider, social support and expected future direction); from the perspective of healthcare provider (understanding of social security network/JPKM, types of provided health services, recording and reporting, referral system, cost, and the criteria of poor people), from local government and health office perspective (understanding of JPKM for poor family, scope of work, working procedure, recording and reporting, cost, accountability, poor people criteria, the relationship between central Government policy with local government policy.

Conclusion: The finding of this study recommend the need for leveling socialization of JPKM, the budget transparences, improving the healthcare providers’ knowledge on the mental health psychiatric problems and its needs.

Keywords


JPKM; poor people; mental health-psychiatric problems

Full Text:

PDF

References


BPPS, 2007 dalam www.perspektif.net/article. php?article_id=174 diakses 8 Februari 2007)

Brojonegoro, BPS., 2000. Pencapaian MDGs dan Prioritas Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia. Makalah disajikan dalam Lokakarya Dewan Guru Besar Universitas Indonesia. Tidak dipublikasikan.

Brundtland, 1999. Kesehatan jiwa: Pemahaman Baru, Harapan Baru,

(Online),

(http://www.kompas.com/kompascetak/0110/12/nasional/pema25.htm., diakses tanggal 12 Februari 2007).

Dahuri, 2005. Humaniora Kesehatan, (Online),(http://www.mediaindo.co.id/ berita.asp., diakses tanggal 23 Juni 2005).

Departemen Kesehatan, 2006. Pedoman Pelaksanaan Jaminan Pemeliharaan Keehatan Masyarakat Miskin. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan RI.

Fain, J.A., 2004. Reading, Understanding and Applying Nursing Research. Second Edition. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company, page 219–241.

Gillis dan Jackson, 2002. Research for Nurses: Method and Interpretation. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis, page 224–256.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2011. Petunjuk Teknis Jaminan Persalinan. Jakarta: Kemkes. RI.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2010. Pedoman Pelaksanaan Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat (JAMKESMAS). Jakarta: Kemkes. RI.

Kompas, 2001. Kesehatan jiwa, (Online), (http://www.litbang.depkes.go.id/ Publikasi_BPPK/Maskes_BPPK/ Triwulan3/gangguan%20jiwa.htm., diakses tanggal 12 Februari 2007).

Oey, M., 2007. Kemiskinan Pedesaan: Ketimpangan Fasilitas Sosial Ekonomi. Makalah Lokakarya Dewan Guru Besar Universitas Indonesia. Tidak dipublikasikan.

Pelita, 2001. Kesehatan Jiwa, (Online), (http:// www.litbang.depkes.go.id/Publikasi_ BPPK/Maskes_BPPK/Triwulan2/ gangguan%20jiwa.htm., diakses tanggal 12 Februari 2007).

Polit, D.F., dan Beck, C.T., 2006. Essensial of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. Sixth Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, page 209–233.

Stuart, G.W., dan Laraia, M.T., 2001. Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. Seventh Edition. St. Louis: Mosby Inc.

Streubert, H.J., dan Carperter, D.R., 1999. Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative. Second Edition. Philadelphia: P.A. Lippincott.

Suara Karya, 2001. Gangguan Jiwa,

(Online),(http://www.litbang.depkes. go.id/Publikasi_BPPK/Maskes_BPPK/ Triwulan4/gangguan%20jiwa.htm., diakses tanggal 12 Februari 2007).

Sulekale, 2003. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Miskin di Era Otonomi Daerah. http:// ekonomirakyat.org/edisi_14/artikel_ 2.htm., diakses tanggal 14 Maret 2005).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal NERS



This journal is indexed by:

   

   

      

 

This journal is published by:

 

          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association

 

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

 

Current Stats

Previous Stats