Asthma Risk Factors and Prevention Behaviour Relate to Asthma Level of Control

Nursalam Nursalam, Laily Hidayati, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v4i1.5005
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Abstract


Introduction : Asthma’s symptoms are commonly persistent in each asthmatic client, but they could be controlled. This control directly refers to asthma level of control. It could be affected by asthma risk factors and preventive behavior to exposures, but the correlation between them is still unclear because the development of asthma is not fully understood and very complex. The objective of this study was to explain the correlation between asthma risk factors and preventive behavior to exposures to asthma level of control.

Method : This study used cross-sectional design and involved 41 respondents which are taken by simple random sampling. Data were collected using questionnaires and then analyzed by using Spearman Rho correlation with level of significance ≤0.05.

Result : Result showed that asthma risk factors had correlation with asthma level of control (p=0,032), but preventive behavior to exposures had no correlation with asthma level of control (p=0,095).

Conclusion :  It can be concluded that asthma level of control has correlation with asthma risk factors. Preventive behavior has no correlation with asthma level of control could be caused by the differences between the respondents preventive behavior and the recommended one. It indicates possible errors or unsuitability in preventive behavior to asthma risk factor exposures. However, preventive behavior to asthma risk factors exposures is still necessary in order to decrease asthma symptoms.


Keywords


asthma risk factors; preventive behavior; asthma level of control

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References


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