Self-Efficacy and the Competency of Nursing Students Toward the Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice

Yusshy Kurnia Herliani, Hasniatisari Harun, Anita Setyawati, Kusman Ibrahim

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v13i1.6359
Abstract views = 115 times | views = 44 times

Abstract


Introduction: Professional nurses should have adequate competency in order to apply Evidence Based Practice (EBP) in their nursing care. However, many nurses provide nursing care based on traditions, habits and personal experience. Less confidence in the feeling of nurses about their competency when employing EBP could inhibit successful EBP implementation in nursing care. Therefore, introducing and applying EBP during clinical placements in the Ners program is essential to form a professional attitude and to provide a basic level of experience when applying EBP in patient care. However, the self-efficacy and competence of the students when applying EBP has not yet been evaluated properly and there is little known about the nursing students’ competences and self-efficacy toward EBP implementation during clinical practice. Thus, the study aims to describe the self-efficacy and competency of nursing students toward the implementation of EBP, while also investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and the competency of nursing students in the implementation of EBP.

Methods: This descriptive correlational study involved 120 nursing students who were actively registered on the Ners program 2016/2017. The data was collected by using the self-reporting Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ), which was then analysed descriptively and inferentially using statistics.

Results: The results of this study revealed that more than half (55%) of the participants had a high score of self-efficacy and almost half (49%) were categorised as having a high competence when implementing EBP. The self-efficacy score was significantly correlated to the score of competency (r = 0.607, p < 0.01).

Conclusion: This study recommends that the development of the students’ competence in implementing EBP is essential to promote self-efficacy when applying EBP, and vice versa.  


Keywords


competence; evidence-based practice; nursing student; self-efficacy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aglen, B. (2016). Pedagogical strategies to teach bachelor students evidence-based practice: A systematic review. Nurse Education Today, 36(Supplement C), pp.255-263. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2015.08.025 (Accessed: April 01 2017)

Azmoude, E., Farkhondeh, F., Ahour, M., & Kabirian, M. (2017). Knowledge, Practice and Self-Efficacy in Evidence-Based Practice among Midwives in East Iran. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 17(1), e66-e73. doi: 10.18295/squmj.2016.17.01.012

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), p.191.

Bloom, K. C., Olinzock, B. J., Radjenovic, D., & Trice, L. B. (2013). Leveling EBP content for undergraduate nursing students. Journal of Professional Nursing, 29(4), pp.217-224.

Elysabeth, D., Libranty, G., & Natalia, S. (2015). Hubungan tingkat pendidikan perawat dengan kompetensi aplikasi evidence-based practice correlation between nurse’s education level with the competency to do evidence-based practice. Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan, 1(01).

Farokhzadian, J., Khajouei, R., & Ahmadian, L. (2015). Evaluating factors associated with implementing evidence-based practice in nursing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 21(6), 1107-1113. doi: 10.1111/jep.12480

Farokhzadian, J., Khajouei, R., & Ahmadian, L. (2015). Evaluating factors associated with implementing evidence‐based practice in nursing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 21(6), pp.1107-1113.

Häggman-Laitila, A., Mattila, L.-R., & Melender, H.-L. (2016). Educational interventions on evidence-based nursing in clinical practice: a systematic review with qualitative analysis. Nurse Education Today, 43, p.50-59.

Hande, K., Williams, C. T., Robbins, H. M., Kennedy, B. B., & Christenbery, T. (2017). Leveling Evidence-based Practice Across the Nursing Curriculum. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 13(1), e17-e22.

Khammarnia, M., Haj Mohammadi, M., Amani, Z., Rezaeian, S., & Setoodehzadeh, F. (2015). Barriers to implementation of evidence-based practice in Zahedan teaching hospitals, Iran, 2014. Nursing Research and Practice, 2015.

Legita, T. (2012). Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Kesiapan Perawat Klinisi Dalam Implementasi Evidence-Base Practice. NERS Jurnal Keperawatan, 8(1), pp.84-97.

Mashiach Eizenberg, M. (2011). Implementation of evidence‐based nursing practice: nurses’ personal and professional factors? Journal of advanced nursing, 67(1), pp.33-42.

Masters, K. (2015). Role Development in Professional Nursing Practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Melnyk, B. M., Fineout-Overholt, E., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010). Evidence-based practice: step by step: the seven steps of evidence-based practice. The American Journal of Nursing, 110(1), pp.51-53.

Melnyk, B. M., Gallagher‐Ford, L., Long, L. E., & Fineout‐Overholt, E. (2014). The establishment of evidence‐based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real‐world clinical settings: proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 11(1), pp.5-15.

Mohsen, M. M., Safaan, N. A., & Okby, O. M. (2016). Nurses’ perceptions and barriers for adoption of evidence-based practice in primary care: Bridging the gap. American Journal of Nursing Research, 4(2), pp.25-33.

Oh, E. G., Yang, Y. L., Sung, J. H., Park, C. G., & Chang, A. M. (2016). Psychometric Properties of Korean Version of Self-Efficacy of Evidence-Based Practice Scale. Asian Nursing Research, 10(3), pp.207-212.

Ryan, E. J. (2016). Undergraduate nursing students’ attitudes and use of research and evidence‐based practice–an integrative literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(11-12), 1548-1556.

Shinnick, M. A., & Woo, M. A. (2014). Does Nursing Student Self-efficacy Correlate with Knowledge When Using Human Patient Simulation? Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 10(2), e71-e79.

Sin, M.-K., & Bliquez, R. (2017). Teaching evidence-based practice to undergraduate nursing students. Journal of Professional Nursing.

Stevens, K. R. (2009). Essential competencies for evidence-based practice in nursing. Academic Center for Evidence-Based Practice, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Suba, S., & Scruth, E. A. (2015). A new era of nursing in Indonesia and a vision for developing the role of the clinical nurse specialist. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 29(5), 255-257.

Upton, D., & Upton, P. (2006). Development of an evidence-based practice questionnaire for nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(4), pp.454-458. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03739.x


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Ners

This journal is indexed by:

   

   

   

 

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter