Clinical Manifestation Differences of Schizophrenia Patients Based on Gender

Alya Rahma Trishna, Nalini Muhdi

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Background: Schizophrenia is yet to be deeply understood, despite being one of the most common mental illnesses in the world. Male and female schizophrenic patients may show different clinical presentations. The differences have been studied extensively globally, but there has yet many reports in regards of this in Indonesia.

Aims: Knowing the differences of clinical manifestation on schizophrenia patients based on gender.

Method: This research is analytic study in retrospective design. The data is taken from medical records of male and female schizophrenic inpatients of Psychiatric Ward of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya on January 1st to December 31st, 2018, in total of 75 samples included. Data is processed with ANOVA statistic method.

Result: The prevalence of male schizophrenic inpatients is 65,3% and 34,7% for female inpatients, with the ratio of 1,88:1. The differences of clinical presentations are not significant for the following clinical manifestations; abnormal motor behaviour (P=0,281), delusion (P=0,240), disorganized thinking (P=0,306), diminished emotional expression (P=0,295), and avolition (P=0,633) clinical manifestations. There is a significant difference in hallucination clinical manifestation between male and female inpatients (P=0,037).

Conclusion: There is a significant difference in schizophrenia’s clinical manifestation of hallucination between male and female inpatients.


Clinical manifestation, Gender, Schizophrenia

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