Dewi Ratna Sari, Viskasari Pintoko Kalanjati

Abstract views = 4888 times | downloads = 16392 times


Hydrocephalus is a pathology of the brain where an excess accumulation in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume occurs caused either by excessive production, impaired absorption, both or unknown etiology. Clinical presentation, degree of severity and impact of hydrocephalus are likely determined by the age of onset, etiology and duration of hydrocephalus. Most of hydrocephalus cases are shunt system dependent. However, the shunt system therapy needs regular monitoring and medical follow up because it can lead to other complications and subsequent brain impairment. Understanding of pathophysiology of hydrocephalus might give basic knowledge to find the way how to prevent and to treat it with minimal complication.


Hydrocephalus; pathophysiology; Hidrosefalus; patofisiologi

Full Text:



Crossman, A.R. & Neary, D., 2010. Ventricular system and cerebrospinal fluid. Di dalam: Neuroanatomy an illustrated colour text. Edisi ke-4. London: Elsevier limited, hal.53-57.

Fernell, E. Hagberg, G. & Hagberg B., 1994. Infantile hydrocephalus epidemiology: an indicator of enhanced survival. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 70, hal.l23-128.

Fitzgerald, M.J.T., 2007. Blood supply of the brain. Di dalam Clinical neuroanatomy and neuroscience. Edisi ke-5. London: Elsevier limited, hal.63.

Greitz, D, 2004. Radiological assessment of hydrocephalus: new theories and impli-cations for therapy. The Neuroradiology Journal, 19, hal.475-495.

Lee & Yoon, 2009. Hypothesis for lateral ventricular dilatation in communicating hydrocephalus: new understanding of the Monro-Kellie hypothesis in the aspect of cardiac energy transfer through arterial blood flow. Med Hypotheses, 72(2), hal.174-7.

Lindsay, K.W. Bone, I. & Callander, R., 2004. Neurology and neurosurgery illustrated. Edisi ke-4. London: Elsevier limited, hal.370.

Listiono, L.D.,1998. Ilmu bedah saraf Satyanegara. Edisi ke-3. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, hal.273-274.

Madsen, J.R. Egnor, M. & Zou, R., 2006. Cerebrospinal fluid pulsatility and hydrocephalus: the fourth circulation. Di dalam: Clinical neurosurgery. Proceeding of the congress of neurological surgery, 53, USA: Lippincott William & Wilkins, hal.48-52.

Maliawan, S. Andi, A.I. & Bakta, M., 2008. Perbandingan teknik endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) dengan ventriculo-peritoneal shunting (VP Shunting) pada hidrosefalus obstruktif: perbaikan klinis dan

perubahan interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, dan neural growth factor cairan serebrospinalis. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam, 9(1).

Oreskovic, D. & Klarica, M., 2011. Development of hydrocephalus and classical hypothesis of cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics: facts and illusions. Progress in Neurobiology, 94, hal.239-250.

Silva, M.C., 2004. Pathophysiology of hydro-cephalus. Di dalam: G. Cinalli, W.J., Maixner, C., Sainte-Rose eds. Pediatric Hydrocephalus. Italia: Springer Verlag.

Standring, S., 2008. Ventricular System and Subarachnoid Space. Di dalam: Gray’s anatomy. The anatomical basis of clinical practice. Edisi ke-40. London: Elsevier limited, hal.242-244.

Waugh, A. & Grant, A., 2001. Ross & Wilson anatomy and physiology in health and illness. Edisi ke-9. China: Churchill Livingstone, hal.148-149.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Majalah Biomorfologi

Creative Commons License
Majalah Biomorfologi (p-ISSN:0215-8833e-ISSN:2716-0920) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Majalah Biomorfologi Statistics


 Indexed By




Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, East Java, Indonesia