THE RELATIONSHIP OF MECHANICAL OCULAR TRAUMA TO THE BEST-CORRECTED VISUAL ACUITY RESULTS IN DR SOETOMO GENERAL HOSPITAL SURABAYA

Katharina Ratri Benita, Hendrian Dwikoloso Soebagjo, Siprianus Ugroseno Yudho Bintoro

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mbiom.v31i1.2021.27-33
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Abstract


Background: Ocular trauma is an accident caused by a foreign object that affects the eye tissue. Ocular trauma can cause pain and a decrease in the person’s best-corrected visual acuity. Mechanical ocular traumas can cause morphological and functional eye changes that are serious enough to cause blindness. Blindness is often used to describe a severe visual impairment with the remaining visual function. Objective: To determine and to analyze the relationship between mechanical ocular trauma and the best-corrected visual acuity of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital patients in 2016-2018. Material and Method: This study was an analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The data was collected using the medical records of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital patients in 2016-2018. The population of this study consists of all patients with pure mechanical ocular trauma with a total of 198 subjects. Results: Fisher exact test results showed a value of p=0.054 which means there is no significant relationship between the best-corrected visual acuity with mechanical ocular trauma. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that there is no significant relationship between mechanical ocular trauma and the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) based on the medical record of patients with ocular trauma in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya in 2016–2018, on the most results with patients who have BCVA 6/24 - 2 meter finger count.


Keywords


ocular trauma, BCVA, vision, blindness

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