FAKTOR RISIKO ANEMIA PADA SANTRI PUTRI DI PONDOK PESANTREN DARUSALAM BOGOR
Risk Factor of Anemia among Female Students in Darusalam Islamic Boarding School Bogor

Ikeu Ekayanti, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Dewi Kusumawati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v15i2.79-87
Abstract views = 1336 times | downloads = 1593 times

Abstract


Adolescent girls are vulnerable group to anemia. Students who live in dormitories tend to have less intake that can cause iron defi ciency. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of anemia among female students in the Darusalam Islamic Boarding School Bogor. This was an observational study with a cross sectional design. Subjects were 84 female students who selected purposively by inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anemic status was determined by measuring hemoglobin levels with HemoCue 301. Data on subjects characteristics, health status, menstrual status, skipping meal behavior collected by questionnaire. Level knowledge, attitudes and nutrition practices related to anemia assessed by of fi ve questions for each indicators. Nutritional status is assessed based on BMI/A indicator. The intake data was obtained by the 2×24 hour food record method collected by questionnaires. Statistical analysis using chi-square test and logistic regression. Students with mild anemia were 38.1%, while 20.2% had moderate anemia. Intake of energy, protein, iron, vitamin C were inadequate. The results of bivariate analysis showed that skipping meals were signifi cantly associated with anemia status (p=0.007; OR 4.0; 95% CI 1.4-11.4). Nutritional attitudes also had a signifi cant relationship with anemia status (p=0.048; OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.0-6.6). The results of the logistic regression test showed that the variables associated with anemia were skipping meals (p=0.024; OR 3.5; 95% CI 1.0-11.8). Islamic boarding schools are expected to provide balanced healthy and nutritious food and provide nutrition education so it can support the improvement of student’s health status.

Keywords


adolescent girls; anemia; risk factor; skipping meal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alaofe, H., Zee, J., Dossa, R., & O’brien, H. (2009). Eff ect of a nutrition education program and diet modifi cation in Beninese adolescent girls suff ering from mild iron defi ciency anemia. Ecology of Food Nutrition, 48(1), 21-38. doi: 10.1080/03670240802293675

Alberga, A. S., Sigal, R. J., Goldfi eld, G., Prud homme, D., & Kenny, G. P. (2012). Overweight and obese teenagers: why is adolescence a critical period? Pediatric Obesity, 7(4), 261-73. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2011.00046.x

Annisa, A., Rahfi ludin, M. Z., & Fatimah, S. (2018). Hubungan antara kejadian anemia dengan aktivitas fi sik dan riwayat penyakit infeksi pada siswi kelas XI SMA N 11 Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 6(5), 311-316

Araki, E. L., Philippi, S. T., Martinez, M. F., Estima, C. C. P., Leaf, G. V. S., & Alvarenga, M. S. (2011). Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 29(2), 164-70.doi: 10.1590/S0103-05822011000200006

Barufaldi, L. A., Abreu, G. A., Oliveira, J. S., dos Santos, D. F., Fujimori, E., Vasconcelos, S. M. L., de Vasconcelos, F. A. G., & Tavares, B. M. (2016). ERICA: prevalence of healthy eating habits among Brazilian adolescents. Revista Saúde Pública, 50(suppl1):1s-6s.doi:10.1590/S01518-8787.2016050006678

Batubara, J. R. L., Doesanti, F., & van de Waal. (2012). Age at menarchein Indonesian girls: a national survey. The Journal of Interna Medicine, 42(2), 78-81

Briawan, D., Madanijah, S., Ernawati, F., & Zulaikhah. (2014). Status besi, pengetahuan dan sikap tentang anemia pada siswi remaja di Kabupaten Bogor. Di dalam: Soekarti MYE, Muslimatun S, Purwanto, Ariani M, Hardinsyah, Egayanti Y, Kardono LB. Widyakarya Nasional Pangan dan Gizi X: Presentasi dan Poster; 2012 Nov 20; Jakarta, Indonesia. Jakarta (ID): LIPI. hlm 835-844

Chung, S. J., Lee, Y. N., & Kwon, S. J. (2004). Factors associated with breakfast skipping in elementary school children in Korea. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition, 9(1), 3-11

Clark, S. F. (2009). Iron deficiency anemia: Diagnosis and management. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, 25(2), 122-8.doi:10.1097/MOG.0b013e32831ef1cd

Deshmukh-Taskar, P. R., Nicklas, T. A., O’neil, C. E., Keast, D. R., Radcliff e, J. D., & Cho, S. (2010). The relationship of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumption with nutrient intake and weight status in children and adolescents: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. Journal of American Dietetic Association, 110(6), 869-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2010.03.023.

Ekanah, K. S., Otowve, A., & Rose, E. (2017). Nutritional status of day and boarding female adolescent secondary school students in warri south local government area of delta state.Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5(3), 131-139.doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20170503.20

Habibie, I. Y., Oktavia, F., & Vetiyaningsih, A. D. I. (2018). Asupan vitamin c tidak berhubungan dengan kadar hemoglobin pada remaja putri di SMA Negeri 5 Kota Malang. International Journal of Human Nutrition, 5(2), 113-124

Heaney, S., O’Connor, H., Michael, S., Giff ord, J., & Naughton, G. (2011). Nutrition knowledge in athletes: A systematic review. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 21(3), 248-261. doi:10.1123/ijsnem.21.3.248

Kabir, Y., Shahjalal, H. M., Saleh, F., & Obaid, W. (2010). Dietary pattern, nutritional status, anaemia and anaemia-related knowledge in urban adolescent college girls of Bangladesh. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 60(8), 633-8

Kaur, T., & Kaur, M. (2015). Anaemia a health burden among rural adolescent girls in District Karnal: prevalence and correlates. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences,4(7), 34-41

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Tahun 2013. Jakarta : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI

Khomsan A. (2000). Pengukuran Tingkat Pengetahuan Gizi. Fakultas Pertanian, IPB,

Bogor Leal, G. V. S., Philippi, S. T., & Toassa, E. C. (2010). Food intake and meal patterns of adolescents, São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, 13(3), 1-10. doi:10.1590/S1415-790X2010000300009

Lemeshow, S., Hosmer, D. W., Klar, J., & Lwanga, S. K. (1997). Besar sampel dalam penelitian kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Gadjahmada University Press.

Luo, R., Shi, Y., Zhang, L., Liu, C., Rozelle, S., & Sharbono, B. (2009). Malnutrition in China’s rural boarding schools: the case of primary schools in Shaanxi Province. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 29(4), 481-501

McClung, J. P., & Karl, J. P. (2010). Iron defi ciency and obesity: the contribution of infl ammation and diminished iron absorption. Nutrition Reviews,67(2), 100–104

Munoz M., Garcia-Erce, J. A., Remacha, A. F. (2011). Disorders of ironmetabolism. Part 1: molecular basis of iron homoeostasis. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 64(4), 281-286. doi: 10.1136/jcp.2010.079046

Notoadtmodjo, S. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Pollitt, E. (1995). Function signifi cance of the covariance between protein energy malnutrition and iron defi ciency anemia..The Journal of Nutrition, 125(8 Suppl), 2272S-2277S. doi: 10.1093/jn/125.suppl_8.2272S

Rokhmah, F., Muniroh L., & Nindya, T. S. (2016). Hubungan tingkat kecukupan energi dan zat gizi mikro dengan status gizi siswi SMA di Pondok Pesantren Al Izzah Kota Batu. Media Gizi Indonesia,11(1), 94-100. doi: 10.20473/mgi.v11i1.94-100

Savige, G., MacFarlane, A., Ball, K., Worsley, A., & Crawford, D. (2007). Snacking behaviours of adolescents and their association with skipping meals. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition Physical Activity,4(36), 1-9.doi:10.1186/1479-5868-4-36

Sharp, P. A. (2010). Intestinal iron absorption: regulation by dietary & systemic factors. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 80(4-5), 231-42. doi:10.1024/0300-9831/a000029

Sedibe, M. H., Pisa, P. T., Feeley, A. B., Pedro, T. M., Kahn, K., & Norris, S. A. (2018). Dietary habits and eating practices and their association with overweight and obesity in rural and urban black south african adolescents. Nutrients, 10(2).pii:E145. doi: 10.3390/nu10020145

World Health Organization. (2006).Orientation Programme on Adolescent Health for Health-care Providers. Geneva: WHO

World Health Organization. (2008). Worldwide Prevalence of Anaemia 1993–2005: WHO Global Database on Anaemia. Geneva: WHO

World Health Organization. (2011). Prevention of Iron Defi ciency Anaemia in Adolescents: Role of Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation.India: WHO.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Media Gizi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

             

    

 

 In Collaboration

View MGI Stats