The psychosocial responses and coping strategies of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients of the Ambon culture

Rosiana Eva Rayanti, Natalia Santika Wariunsora, Simon Pieter Soegijono

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mkp.V31I42018.389-399
Abstract views = 842 times | downloads = 1066 times

Abstract


A study conduct by the Global of Diabetic Federation showed that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing at the international, national and regional levels. The prevalence of DM at Air Salobar Public Health Centre, Ambon, showed there to be an increase from 128 patients (2015) up to 221 patients (2016). There were changes observed in the physical and psychological responses of the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: To describe the psychosocial responses and coping strategies of the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the context of Ambonese culture. Method: Qualitative and descriptive using the case study approach. There were four participants. The purpose sampling technique used the following criteria: patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with complications (cataract, stroke, hypertension, heart attack or amputation), sick for > two years, and the patients were Ambonese. The data collection was conducted through observation and in-depth interviews. Results: The participants’ psychosocial responses included resilience, optimism and social support from their family and close relatives, low self-esteem, and anxiety. To adapt to their condition, the
male participants tended to use problem-focused coping, while the female participants used emotion-focused coping. The factor that influenced the coping strategies was the diabetes severity, the participant’s individual characteristics and the environment (culture and social support). They believe in traditional medicine such as the Africa leaf, noni fruit, kalabasa leaf, and Alifuru leaf, and that the aforementioned traditional cures are able to reduce their blood glucose. Conclusion: although the participants have low self-esteem, and anxiety, they
have resilience, optimism, and social support that allows them to endure DM.

Keywords


diabetes mellitus type 2; psychosocial response; coping strategies; Ambonese culture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ari SA (2015) Stres dan Strategi Koping Pada Narapida Wanita di Lembaga Permasyarakatan Kelas II A Wanita Semarang.

Bakri H (2015) Resolusi konflik melalui pendekatan kearifan lokal Pela Gandong di Kota Ambon.

The POLITICS: Jurnal Magister Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin 1 (1):51-60. Boehm JK, Trudel-Fitzgerald C, Kivimaki M, &

Kubzansky LD (2015) The prospective association between positive psychological well-being and diabetes. Health Psychology 34 (10):1013-1021. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000200.

Bovet P & Viswanathan B (2014) National survey of noncommunicable diseases in Seychelles 2013-2014 (Seychelles Heart Study IV): Methods and main findings National Survey of

Noncommunicable Diseases in Seychelles 2013-2014, (June 2015).

Bystritsky A, Danial J, & Kronemyer D (2014) Interactions between diabetes and anxiety and depression: Implications for treatment. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America 43 (1):269-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecl.2013.10.001.

Carver CS, Scheier MF, & Segerstrom SC (2010) Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review 30 (7):879-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017 Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the Epidemiologic estimation methods. US Department of Health and Human Services. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527154408322560.

de Groot M, Golden SH, & Wagner J (2016) Psychological conditions in adults with diabetes. American Psychologist 71 (7):552-562. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0040408.

de Vyver HMV (2009) Andrew Murray’s theology of divine healing. VERBUM ET ECCLESIA JRG 30 (1):302-319.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

Indexing by:

     

     

       

View MKP Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License