Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP <p>Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is an open-access, peer-reviewed, and scientific journal published by The Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. The objective of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is to publish original research and review articles from both local, international researchers and practitioners. It aims to foster a global understanding and collaboration on various topics of society, culture, and political issues.</p> <p><strong>The scope of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) encompasses, but is not limited to:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community welfare and its international implications.</li> <li>Social development in a global context.</li> <li>Civil society movements across borders.</li> <li>Digital society, disruption, and global impacts.</li> <li>Gender issues and their international dimensions.</li> <li>Family, marriages, and cross-cultural studies.</li> <li>Media, information &amp; literacy in a globalized world.</li> <li>Tourism development and international trends.</li> <li>Sociocultural anthropology with a focus on global communities.</li> <li>Politics, governance &amp; democracy in an international framework.</li> <li>International politics &amp; security studies.</li> <li>Youth studies in a global context.</li> <li>Radicalism, terrorism, and their international ramifications.</li> <li>Public policy, innovation, and international best practices.</li> <li>Citizenship, public management, and global governance.</li> </ul> <p>By integrating an international perspective, Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) seeks to bridge the gap between local and global discourses, promoting a richer understanding of societal, cultural, and political dynamics in today's interconnected world.</p> <p align="justify">This journal is published quarterly and has been certified as a Scientific Journal, accredited B since July 2008, and accredited second grade (Sinta 2 or S2) since October 2018 by the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology. Since 2017, all articles have been published in English. Submissions are open year-round. Before submitting, please ensure that the manuscript is in accordance with MKP's <a title="Focus &amp; Sscope" href="https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope"><strong>focus and scope</strong></a>, written in English, and follows our <a title="Author Guidelines" href="https://unairacid-my.sharepoint.com/:b:/g/personal/journal_mkp_drive_unair_ac_id/EeE4emKVgRNOky6GYSJnNnQBajaaqcLZN7vKKgpABKiEAA?e=NTeBtp"><strong>author guidelines</strong></a> &amp; <a href="https://unairacid-my.sharepoint.com/:w:/g/personal/journal_mkp_drive_unair_ac_id/EVTDHNUUg8FFmMRl3brqb4MBkcWQAVPy6XQIGvwnbvLQfA?e=L8c5Sd" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>manuscript template</strong></a>.</p> <p align="justify">The journal has been indexed in Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI-Web of Science), ASEAN Citation Index (ACI), Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), Google Scholar, and other international indexing.</p> Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga en-US Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik 2086-7050 <ol><li><p align="justify">Copyright of this journal is possession of Editorial Board and Journal Manager, by the knowledge of the author, while the moral right of the publication belongs to the author.</p></li><li><p align="justify">The formal legal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to <span>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)</span>, implies that publication can be used for non-commercial purposes in its original form (cannot be modified).</p></li><li><p align="justify">Every publication (printed/electronic) are open access for educational purposes, research, and library. Other than the aims mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p></li></ol> Examining the practices and success of community-based tourism: A study at Barru Regency, Indonesia https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/39519 <p>Community-based tourism (CBT) is a way to encourage the community to get involved in tourism, and its success depends on the level of participation. Although many academics have discussed CBT, such a concept needs evaluation related to its implementation and how the community benefits. This paper aims to (1) identify the practices of CBT and factors affecting the conduct of beach tourism; (2) evaluate the success of CBT from the perspective of the local people. This paper employs the conceptual framework of success criteria for CBT by utilising qualitative data from in-depth interviews and observations at Ujung Batu Beach, Barru Regency. The research reveals that the practice of beach tourism consists of two, approaches: existing condition management and proposed people management. Six factors affect the conduct of tourism: boat parking by the fishermen, waste management, limited community participation, the natural condition of the coastal area, the existence of the local organisation and the availability of facilities. There should be more efforts to achieve the goals of CBT, including support from the coastal residents, promotion of uniqueness and environmental conservation. This paper contributes to advancing the knowledge of CBT from the perspective of beach tourism.</p> Ilham Junaid Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 37 1 1 15 10.20473/mkp.V37I12024.1-15 Domination criticism and freedom criticism on flood news in online media from a Foucauldian view https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/46701 <p>This article discusses the issue of flood disaster polemics in online media using McKerrow’s critical rhetorical theory analysis, with the main aim of getting closer to discourse formations that have not been discussed in previous research on political interest contestation. This research uses Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis method to reveal flood news articles from 2019-2021 on Tirto.id. Meanwhile, the Foucauldian perspective in this study is used as a review of McKerrow’s critical rhetoric to analyze power, right and truth. Furthermore, this triangulation is explained in two criticisms, namely, criticism of domination and freedom in the online media Tirto.id in reporting on the flood. This study found that in terms of power, Tirto.id discusses criticism of power as a struggle for power in the social status of the upper and lower middle classes. Dominance tends to appear in social disparities and discrepancies in the effects of development on poor communities and the surrounding ecosystem. In terms of rights, Tirto.id discusses demands for ecological justice for lower middle class society. Finally, in terms of truth, the discourse about flood victims includes the lower classes as a result of land grabbing. This study concludes that criticism of domination shows that the government is not very serious about the concept of ecological justice for all groups. Criticism of freedom shows that Tirto.id expresses satire that floods are only suffered by poor people, not rich people.</p> Nevrettia Christantyawati Yuyun Wahyu Izzati Liestianingsih Dwi Dayanti Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-05 2024-03-05 37 1 16 29 10.20473/mkp.V37I12024.16-29 Beyond environmentalism: The geopolitical chess game behind Indonesia’s mineral export bans and renewable energy transition https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/44325 <p>The increase in human energy consumption and the serious effects of the dominance of fossil energy, especially limited supply and climate change, have an impact on changes in the global geopolitical order. As such, the adaptation carried out by Indonesia became an important step in ensuring national energy security amidst global challenges. This research highlights the urgency of accelerating the energy transition to renewable sources in Indonesia as part of the national strategy. Efforts to accelerate the energy transition are not only a response to global demands, but also as an effort to maintain energy security, environmental sustainability, and are an important geopolitical factor. This study uses mixed research methods, where the author carries out quantitative data processing and then juxtaposes it with qualitative processing and analysis. The analysis was carried out using the concept of resource geopolitics. This study found that abundant renewable resource capacity, downstream efforts by the government, reduced dependence on other countries, and increasingly mature energy transition readiness make Indonesia better prepared to face global geopolitical competition. This study concludes that accelerating the energy transition in Indonesia is not just a response to global demands, but is also a strategic step to increase energy security, disaster resilience and environmental resilience.</p> Dhea Nur Kirana Febry Triantama Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-13 2024-03-13 37 1 30 45 10.20473/mkp.V37I12024.30-45 Cross-culture analysis of batik sub-culture Pekalongan: A case study on the complexity dimensions of representation, diversity and conflict https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/44729 <p>Pekalongan batik sub-culture development is influenced by three cultures namely Javanese, Chinese and Arabic. Most studies of batik use a cultural and socioeconomic analysis by focusing mainly its cultural aspects. This research aims to analysis transformation of social and economic assets, by using a different perspective namely cross-cultural theory and democratization framework in order to explain the political economic contestation among the entrepreneurs. This research uses Robert Dahl’s conceptual framework regarding the development of democracy and only uses three of the seven relevant aspects, namely: (a) representation, (b) diversity, and (c) conflict. Case studies as a qualitative methodology are used with in-depth interview techniques, observation and literature reviews as data collection tools. The results of this study are, Pekalongan batik sub-culture has formed a kind of long acculturation formation in the cultural perspective, but secondly it also contributes to develop a kind of political contestation, conflicts and gender-bias political practices This study concludes that regional autonomy and decentralization policies have created space for political contestation and opened up opportunities to transform the social/economic capital of batik entrepreneurs as assets for political contestation and have even raised the issue of identity politics.</p> Oktafiani C. Pratiwi Sofa Marwah Wita Ramadhanti Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-13 2024-03-13 37 1 46 59 10.20473/mkp.V37I12024.46-59 Stakeholder-based governance for managing victims of violence against women and children in East Java https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/55214 <p>The number of domestic violence has increased. Meanwhile, until now it has not been possible to identify the stakeholder groups involved and need to be involved in providing solutions to prevent and manage victims of violence. A stakeholder-based governance system can be considered to manage victims of violence both preventively, curatively and rehabilitatively. The purpose of this study is to describe stakeholder-based governance to deal with victims of violence against women and children. This research was conducted at the East Java Integrated Service Center for the Protection of Women and Children (P2T-PPA) which has owned and implemented stakeholderbased governance. Data were collected through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) activities with qualitative data analysis methods. The FGDs involved representatives from each stakeholder in the management of victims of violence against women. The results showed that the stakeholder-based governance system is able to overcome various barriers to communication, coordination, and synergy in dealing with victims more quickly, accurately, and comprehensively. This study concludes that stakeholder-based governance for women and children is the best approach because it is able to integrate all related parties, especially if it is supported by early detection technology to treat victims’ trauma conditions in a curative and rehabilitative manner.</p> Isnaini Rodiyah Jusuf Irianto Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-03-13 2024-03-13 37 1 60 73 10.20473/mkp.V37I12024.60-73