Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP <p>Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is open access, peer-reviewed, and scientific journal published by The Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. The objective of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is to publish original research articles from researchers and practitioners on various topics of society, culture, and political issues: community welfare, social development, civil society movements, digital society and disruption, gender issues, family and marriages, media, information &amp; literacy, tourism development, sociocultural anthropology, politics, governance &amp; democracy, international politics &amp; security studies, youth studies, radicalism and terrorism, public policy &amp; innovation, citizenship &amp; public management.</p> <p align="justify">This journal is published quarterly and has been certified as a Scientific Journal, accredited B since July 2008, and accredited second grade (Sinta 2 or S2) since October 2018 by the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology. Since 2017, all articles have been published in English. Submissions are open year-round. Before submitting, please ensure that the manuscript is in accordance with MKP's <a title="Focus &amp; Sscope" href="https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope"><strong>focus and scope</strong></a>, written in English, and follows our <a title="Author Guidelines" href="https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/about/submissions#authorGuidelines"><strong>author guidelines</strong></a> &amp; <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1dn0Q1yi-aQtV34-ZeY5cfryRebZ07wSR/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>manuscript template</strong></a>.</p> <p align="justify">The journal has been indexed in Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI-Web of Science), ASEAN Citation Index (ACI), Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), Google Scholar, and other international indexing.</p> en-US <ol><li><p align="justify">Copyright of this journal is possession of Editorial Board and Journal Manager, by the knowledge of the author, while the moral right of the publication belongs to the author.</p></li><li><p align="justify">The formal legal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to <span>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)</span>, implies that publication can be used for non-commercial purposes in its original form (cannot be modified).</p></li><li><p align="justify">Every publication (printed/electronic) are open access for educational purposes, research, and library. Other than the aims mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p></li></ol> mkp@journal.unair.ac.id (Siti Mas'udah) mkp@journal.unair.ac.id (Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik) Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The material conception of religion among inmates in the Ankaful maximum security prison, Ghana https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33390 <p>In the field of penology, very few studies have paid attention to the role of religion in prison. The sparse scholarly studies are largely focused on the advanced countries, and rarely on prisons in Africa. In addition, the findings on the impact of religion on inmates have yielded mixed results. This study examined the role of religion as a facet of inmates’ social relationships. It is argued that the decision of inmates to participate in religious activities is not necessarily for redemption but for materialism. The study settled on a mixed method approach to data collection. The data revealed that inmates who participated in religious activities did so purposely for the material benefits associated with the practice of religion. Religion provided inmates the context for contemplating their lives and mortality. The study concludes that religious beliefs and practices; regardless of how it comes to be experienced within the confines of the prison, are powerful forces that influence the conduct of prisoners, prison officials and civil society organisations.</p> Elijah Tukwariba Yin Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33390 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the leadership behaviors of millennial community leaders during the pandemic: The Case of the Science City of Muñoz in the Philippines https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33394 <p>Millennials are those born between the late 1980s and late 1990s. They are individuals who are comfortable in the use of technology giving them competitive advantage in the global workforce. Surprisingly, despite their significant number in the workforce, there is a dearth of study on millennial leadership styles. This study examines the millennial community leaders in the Philippines during the COVID-19 pandemic. It employed exploratory descriptive-qualitative research method. Sixteen millennial community leaders in the Science City of Muñoz in the Philippines and twelve citizens and subordinates participated in the study. The basis of analysis is the Responsible Leadership for Performance framework. The findings showed that responsibility and accountability to their tasks and functions are common traits of millennial community leaders during pandemic. They are perceived to possess attributes such as: people-centered, honest, reliable, just, approachable, responsible, affirmative, pure-hearted, and hardworking during pandemic. The study confirmed that millennials’ technological inclination, their ideals and aspirations are shaped by their socio-historical background. Though lacking of experience and resources, they compensate it with strong mind and heart to lead the community in its response to pandemic emergencies.</p> Olive Chester M. Cuya-Antonio, Arneil G. Gabriel, Corinthian M. Obispo, Feliciana P. Jacoba, Sanjay P. Claudio Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33394 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The impact of outdoor play on children’s well-being: A scoping review https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/34063 <p>Outdoor play is a broad term that refers to a wide range of activities in a natural setting. However, modern technological advancements and gadgets such as television, computer and online games have resulted in children spending an increasing amount of time each day engaged in sedentary indoor activities rather than spending time outdoors. Many children’s social and physical health has deteriorated because of the reduction in outdoor access, which has been increasingly prevalent in recent years and may have long-term consequences. This scoping review aimed to determine what information was currently available on the impact of outdoor play on children’s wellbeing. This scoping review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) criteria. As many as 165 citations were discovered across six databases for this scoping review, and 13 articles were eligible for inclusion. The majority of the findings showed that outdoor play positively impacts children’s social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development.</p> Khairul Firdaus Ne'matullah, Nabilah Abd Talib, Rita Wong Mee Mee, Lim Seong Pek, Saturia Amiruddin, Md Rosli Ismail Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/34063 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Flypaper effects of Central Transfers on the spending behaviour of Ghana’s central region local governments: Does status matter? https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33280 <p>Fiscal system incentivises local government officials to depend on central government’s transfers to fund their budgets. This paper examines whether district and municipal status local government officials exhibit the same spending behaviour when presented with central government’s transfers. The paper uses the panel data model to estimate the flypaper effect on district and municipal status local governments in the Central Region of Ghana from 2008 to 2015. The result shows differences in spending behaviour between district and municipal status local governments, where the flypaper effect is more pronounced on municipal status local governments (52.6%) than district status local governments (44.8%). Though municipal local governments are financially better in raising own-source revenues compared to the district local governments, the design of the fiscal system tends to make municipal local governments more reliant on central transfers than on expenditure of own-source revenues. This reduces interest in raising own-source revenue and its expenditure, a situation which has an adverse long-term impact on decentralisation in terms of citizen empowerment and participation. The study recommends an optimal level of central transfers which will serve the purpose of correcting vertical and horizontal imbalances, as in theory, and at the same time promote the ideals of decentralisation (citizen empowerment and participation).</p> Christopher Dick-Sagoe, Ernest Ngeh Tingum, Peter Asare-Nuamah Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/33280 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The liquid identity of adolescents with disabilities: Changes in the identity of adolescents with disabilities in social media https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/29465 <p>Studies on liquid identity have been done by many previous researchers. However, this article sees it differently where liquid identity is experienced by adolescents with disabilities who basically have many difficulties, obstacles in interacting with society in general. This study aimed to look at the process, intention, and purpose of the liquid identity experienced by adolescents with disabilities on social media. This study used a virtual ethnographic method with informants who are members of the Facebook community named “Indonesian Association of People with Disabilities.” The number of informants is 23 adolescents with disabilities who are users of social media. The findings of this study showed that adolescents with disabilities take various ways to get recognition and acceptance by a wide audience according to their type and characteristics. This is done by using social media called liquid identity. To get recognition and acceptance on social media, the practice of liquid identity of adolescents with disabilities was shown by hiding their real identity, having multiple accounts, and sharing positive things on social media. This study concluded that support from various parties is needed, either from the community, parents, friends, schools, and the environment. The role of these parties is important to provide motivation, enthusiasm, and encouragement so that adolescents with disabilities can show value on social media with their identity that is recognized by the public as a positive identity.</p> Merlia Indah Prastiwi, Bagong Suyanto, Yuyun Wahyu Izzati Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/29465 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The role of principal transformational leadership based on Lonto Leok culture Manggarai community for strengthening student character https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/30790 <p>The role of the principal is crucial to optimize the implementation of the student character strengthening program. Unfortunately, the role of the principal is experiencing obstacles because he has not found the appropriate form of role and approach to make the student character strengthening program effective. This study examines the principal's transformational leadership role based on a local cultural system. A qualitative approach is used in this study, the case study design with the subjects studied were school principals. Participants in this study include three principals, three senior teachers, one parent, and one cultural figure. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation studies to achieve the research objectives. Data analysis employed a modified analytical analysis method. Meanwhile, the validity of the data was based on the level of credibility, transferability, dependence, and confirmability. The study results prove that the principal's transformational leadership role with a local cultural approach has a positive impact on the optimization of character strengthening programs and positive changes in students' moral behavior. The study concludes that the transformational leadership role of local culture-based principals impacts optimizing student character strengthening programs.</p> Pieter Sahertian, Yulius Rustan Effendi Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/30790 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Commodification of high heels against women's bodies on dancer Jathil Obyog in the Reog Ponorogo art show https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/26048 <p>The performing art of Reog Ponorogo is a cultural heritage of the people of East Java which continues to experience development and several changes and progress. This study aims to identify the practice of commodifying high heels to complement the clothing of female dancer Jathil Obyog in the Reog Ponorogo art show. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The results of this study explain that the high heels of Jathil Obyog dancers have value in supporting the appearance so that the legs look level, as well as forming a sturdy and proportional body posture in protecting the feet of female dancers in outdoor performances. The high heel exchange rate on Jathil Obyog's dancer's clothing is to raise the social status to an economic aesthetic value, while the symbolic value of high heels is a marker of sexuality for the female dancer Jathil Obyog to convey aggressiveness and eroticism to the audience, especially men. The conclusion of this study shows that high-heeled shoes can increase the sexual attractiveness (female body) of Jathil Obyog dancers by using a combination of semi-transparent or see-through tops, as well as the use of short pants that will make the thighs and buttocks look slimmer.</p> Bayu Aji Suseno, Putri Prabu Utami Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/26048 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Social media and the role of libraries during the COVID-19 pandemic https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/31333 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on a person’s life, both physically and mentally. With the amount of information available, people can use this information to overcome the anxiety they face. This study aims to identify the information behavior of COVID-19 survivors and the role of libraries in social media as information institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method used is quantitative descriptive. Data collection was carried out through a survey using Google Forms. The number of data collected was 148 respondents. The location was East Java, including Surabaya, Sidoarjo, Tuban, Bangkalan, Magetan, Blitar, Situbondo, Jombang, Gresik, Kediri, Ponorogo, Lamongan, Madiun, Ngawi, Banyuwangi, and Tulungagung. The results show that most people fulfill their information needs regarding the treatment of COVID and its development (48.6%), as well as a healthy lifestyle (15.5%) through social media. In accessing information, a small number of respondents experienced obstacles such as the amount of hoax information (6.1%), the available information was considered incomplete (5.4%), limited internet quota (4.1%), and problematic network signal (4.1%). Based on these results, we need the role of libraries that are able to provide information to meet the information needs of users.</p> Dessy Harisanty, Rahma Sugihartati, Koko Srimulyo Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/31333 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Securitization: Terrorism prevention policy in Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/21708 <p>The existence of terrorism in Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi is triggered by a communal conflict among religions since 2000. A series of acts of terrorism have disrupted the regulation of government and public order and security, so that the regional government carried out special handling of this case. The objective of this study is to analyze the pattern of terrorism prevention carried out by the regional government in Poso Regency. This study used a qualitative method with a case study approach to conduct an in-depth descriptive study regarding the pattern of strengthening the terrorism prevention policy and its follow-up. In analyzing this case, this study used the concept of securitization developed by Buzan (1991) through the principles of social, economic, and political security. The results of the study showed that the regional government has made efforts to prevent acts of terrorism by (1) Strengthening the Early Detection of Terrorism Tendency Program, (2) Strengthening the Religious Harmony Program, (3) Strengthening the Community Social Life Program, (4) Strengthening the Entrepreneurship Program that covers various activities, including; establishing Village of Harmony and Early Awareness Forum, carrying out counseling on Pancasila values, providing social assistance and entrepreneurship training for the poor and families of ex-terrorism convicts. This study concludes that the regional government has made systematic efforts with a securitization approach in a strict security pattern with community involvement.</p> Gustiana Kambo Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/21708 Mon, 22 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Digital educative public message: Health protocol awareness at pandemic COVID-19 periods (Instagram feeds @humasprovjatim) https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/31331 <p>Dissemination of information related to the issues of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Instagram account @humasprovjatim is interesting to study because of understanding the meaning and motives behind educational messages conveyed through the Instagram account @humasprovjatim. It can form awareness regarding health protocols during the pandemic and post-COVID-19 pandemic to realize changes in attitudes, behavior, and healthy lifestyles that reduce the spread of COVID-19. This study aims to analyze educational messages aware of health protocols on the Instagram account of Public Relations (PR) of East Java Province (@humasprovjatim). This study used content analysis methods with Pentad’s Dramatic Analysis. The object studied was educational messages from the PR Instagram feed in March-December 2020. Result of this research is the dramatic rhetoric in the content of the Instagram feed by the PR of the province of East Java. The Instagram media is a rhetorical stage in conveying the message of community life in dealing with COVID-19. Conclusion of this research is that there is an important role for packaging content on their Instagram. The results of this study explain that the PR Instagram account is a stage where a "show" occurs which is considered capable of bridging the government to build educational messages regarding the health protocols presented in such a way to the public.</p> Jokhanan Kristiyono, Delmarrich Bilga Ayu Permatasari, Julyanto Ekantoro, Fitria Widiyani Roosinda Copyright (c) 2022 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/31331 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000