Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik <p>Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is an open-access, peer-reviewed, and scientific journal published by The Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. The objective of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) is to publish original research and review articles from both local, international researchers and practitioners. It aims to foster a global understanding and collaboration on various topics of society, culture, and political issues.</p> <p><strong>The scope of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) encompasses, but is not limited to:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community welfare and its international implications.</li> <li>Social development in a global context.</li> <li>Civil society movements across borders.</li> <li>Digital society, disruption, and global impacts.</li> <li>Gender issues and their international dimensions.</li> <li>Family, marriages, and cross-cultural studies.</li> <li>Media, information &amp; literacy in a globalized world.</li> <li>Tourism development and international trends.</li> <li>Sociocultural anthropology with a focus on global communities.</li> <li>Politics, governance &amp; democracy in an international framework.</li> <li>International politics &amp; security studies.</li> <li>Youth studies in a global context.</li> <li>Radicalism, terrorism, and their international ramifications.</li> <li>Public policy, innovation, and international best practices.</li> <li>Citizenship, public management, and global governance.</li> </ul> <p>By integrating an international perspective, Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik (MKP) seeks to bridge the gap between local and global discourses, promoting a richer understanding of societal, cultural, and political dynamics in today's interconnected world.</p> <p align="justify">This journal is published quarterly and has been certified as a Scientific Journal, accredited B since July 2008, and accredited second grade (Sinta 2 or S2) since October 2018 by the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology. Since 2017, all articles have been published in English. Submissions are open year-round. Before submitting, please ensure that the manuscript is in accordance with MKP's <a title="Focus &amp; Sscope" href=""><strong>focus and scope</strong></a>, written in English, and follows our <a title="Author Guidelines" href=""><strong>author guidelines</strong></a> &amp; <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>manuscript template</strong></a>.</p> <p align="justify">The journal has been indexed in Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI-Web of Science), ASEAN Citation Index (ACI), Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), Google Scholar, and other international indexing.</p> en-US <ol><li><p align="justify">Copyright of this journal is possession of Editorial Board and Journal Manager, by the knowledge of the author, while the moral right of the publication belongs to the author.</p></li><li><p align="justify">The formal legal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to <span>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)</span>, implies that publication can be used for non-commercial purposes in its original form (cannot be modified).</p></li><li><p align="justify">Every publication (printed/electronic) are open access for educational purposes, research, and library. Other than the aims mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p></li></ol> (Siti Mas'udah) (Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik) Wed, 29 Nov 2023 15:37:17 +0700 OJS 60 Socio-cultural factors affecting maternal health system in District Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan <p>The primary objective of this study was to investigate the underlying social and cultural determinants that influence the utilization of child delivery services in the Buner district, located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The research focused on a specific demographic group, namely pregnant women and their husbands aged between 15 and 49 years. A sample of 200 participants was selected using a multistage sampling technique, and data was collected through structured questionnaires employing mixed methods. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS, utilizing statistical tools like frequency distribution tables for univariate analysis and the chi-square test for bivariate analysis. The study showed a strong connection between socio-cultural factors and the child delivery system, with evident implications for the maternal health framework. The results of the chi-square test highlighted the strength of this association, as the calculated value (190.627) was significantly greater than the tabulated value (9.488) at a significance level of 0.05. The research highlights the impact of socio-demographic factors, including cultural barriers, extended family structures, and economic disparities, on maternal health services and their relationship with the utilization of antenatal care services. To improve the situation, it is important to focus on improving education, raising awareness, promoting women’s empowerment, addressing socioeconomic disparities, and transforming traditional beliefs prevalent within the local community.</p> Pir Wahab, Saddam Badshah, Shams Ud Din, Kinan Pasha Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 State-building and internal colonialism: A case study of the separatism in Aceh and West Papua, Indonesia <p>Adaptation to the norms of nation-states has always been one of the most important issues for Southeast Asian countries. This paper takes Aceh and Western Papua as examples to explore their interaction with the central government of Indonesia and try to answer why local authorities have different responses after implementing the indirect rule. This study mainly uses process tracking methods to test the interaction between the central and local governments in Indonesia. This study believes that trust is the fundamental factor that determines whether the local authorities and the central government can have a positive interaction. This reason will change the central government in the process of State-building. The study found that Aceh and Western Papua had different feedback to the central government. The key lies in whether they form a “trust” interaction, rather than whether they adopt an inclusive system (democratic system). This study concluded the feedback difference between Aceh and Western Papua as a classic case shows that, as a country, it is not only represented by the central government but also needs the “trust” of the central government and local authorities to form good governance, as well as national development effective.</p> Yuhong Li, Anguang Zheng Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The repatriation of returning ISIS foreign terrorist fighters: Analysis of the factors influencing Indonesia’s refusal and its implications on counterterrorism efforts <p>The purpose of this paper is to study about repatriation of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs) to Indonesia who went to Syria by analyzing the factors such as risk of involving in terrorist attacks in Indonesia, which are influencing Indonesia’s refusal and its implications on a state’s counterterrorism efforts. The present study is carried out using qualitative research method and the data collected from secondary sources including research articles, newspapers and books related to the FTF phenomenon. To address this issue, the Indonesian government is considering a strategy to minimize negative consequences from the return of Indonesian individuals associated with terrorist activities from overseas. The results show that the Indonesian government has calculated the benefits and drawbacks of either returning foreign terrorist fighters’ home or not. In the process, the government ultimately decided against the FTFs’ repatriation, citing the need to safeguard millions of people’s security from the danger of terrorism as a national priority for Indonesia. It concludes that the accepting repatriation of FTF by Indonesia would support human rights efforts in giving them fair trials if they have committed crimes and it will prevent them from being stateless.</p> Muhammad Anns, Muhamad Syauqillah Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Myth, logos, and ecology: Local community perception of social signs on the slopes of Semeru Mountain post-disaster <p>Seeing a social sign, results in striving to derive the meaning from the sign when it is used. One of the events that appear in various types of social sign is a disaster. It creates various myths that also act as a social sign; one of them is a myth about the relationship between humans and nature. This study aims to explain the perception of the local community in the Sumber Mujur village of Semeru Mountain Slope about social signs made as myth postdisaster eruption in 2022. The myth that is believed by the local community proved to have relevance to ecological sustainability. This research uses qualitative methods through deep interviewing technique. Informants in this study are a local community in the Semeru Mountain area, East Java which is part of the 2021 Semeru eruption survivors. Based on existing findings, most myths grow in line with a scientific view. Although the background or ways of working is different, myth and logos have compatible relevance in the context of ecology sustainability. This study concludes that myths give impact on society’s attitude so as to maintain ecological sustainability, as well as a form of cultural adaptation, both in terms of conservation awareness and mitigation.</p> Radius Setiyawan, Holy Ichda Wahyuni, Nur Hidayatullah Romadhon, Adelin Aprilia Sari Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The resolution of the transition conflict from tourism to mining in Pangkal Niur Village through the strengthening of social capital <p>Utilization of social capital is considered capable of addressing conflicts that arise in rural areas, especially those related to tourist areas that are part of community empowerment programs. This study examines the crucial role of social capital in dealing with conflicts arising from the transition from the tourism sector to mining in Pangkal Niur Village. This study used qualitative methods. The analysis results depict in-depth how social capital significantly mitigates conflicts between the tourism and mining sectors. The implications of this social capital are also highlighted in the context of modernization and globalization, especially concerning the local community in Pangkal Niur Village. Additionally, this research emphasizes the importance of social relationships in forming the basis of trust, cooperation, and community participation. In the context of post-mining land restoration efforts, sustainable actions are crucial to reduce environmental damage caused by such functional changes, especially in regions with significant mining sectors like Bangka Belitung. The findings of this research have broad implications, especially in environmental management and sustainable development. The study concludes that social capital can play a role in resolving conflicts, but continuous efforts are still needed to preserve the environment and enhance community well-being.</p> Herdiyanti Herdiyanti, Sarpin Sarpin, Aimie Sulaiman Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Diplomacy of Indonesia’s Natuna National Geopark toward a UNESCO Global Geopark <p>This article explains the current overview of the UNESCO Global Geoparks condition in Indonesia as well as putting public diplomacy of Indonesian UNESCO Global Geoparks into a global context. This article will be useful for all stakeholders involved in developing Indonesian UNESCO Global Geoparks in the future. An analysis of the challenges and lessons learned from Natuna is combined in this study with the views of individual stakeholders in Indonesia. Contextual information about the importance of Indonesian tourism of UNESCO Global Geoparks is derived from many references as well as documents. The research adopts a qualitative method. The analysis explains the circumstances of lack of enthusiasm at this time toward the UNESCO Global Geoparks concept by respective stakeholders in Indonesia. There is a need to see UNESCO Global Geoparks as part of efforts to achieve some of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. The Indonesian government accepts the idea of UNESCO Global Geopark growth, which can become an approach in post-COVID-19 tourism recovery planning as well as part of the SDGs’ 2030 goals in Indonesia. Future development of Indonesian UNESCO Global Geoparks in the global context is important for Indonesian public diplomacy and very significant for the COVID-19 recovery of the Indonesian leisure industry and in line with the UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals 2030.</p> Leonard Felix Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700