Maternal mortality risk factor in pregnancy with heart disease at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

antenatal care pre-concepcional councelling pregnancy heart disease maternal mortality

Authors

  • Laili Muninggar Departement of Obstetrics dan Gynecology Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Faculty Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • M Yusuf Departement of Obstetrics dan Gynecology Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Faculty Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Budi Prasetyo
    dr_budiprasetyo@yahoo.com
    Departement of Obstetrics dan Gynecology Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Faculty Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Objectives: This research want to identify some factors that increasing risk of maternal death in pregnant woman with heart disease.

Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective analytic study with cross sectional design, with total sampling 92 patient with heart disease in pregnancy at maternity room Dr. Soetomo hospital, Surabaya, during periode January until December 2017.

Results: Prevalency of pregnancy with heart disease in dr. Soetomo hospital about 0,5% with mortality that caused by heart disease 14% from all maternal death. Factors that increase risk of maternal death are non adequate antenatal visit number (OR 1,7;CI 95%), delay of detecting heart disease (OR 2,5;CI 95%), complication such as severe pulmonal hypertension (OR 61,4;CI 95%), Eisenmenger syndrome (OR 2,9;CI 95%), Decompensatio Cordis Functional Class IV (OR 1,2;CI 95%), and Thrombo-embolism (OR 9;CI 95%).

Conclusion: Mortality rate in pregnancy with heart disease is 14% of all maternal mortality. Risk of maternal death increased by non adequate antenatal visit and delay in heart disease detection, and also medical complications. Detection of heart disease since before pregnant with pre-conceptional councelling and a good managed multidisciplinary antenatal care supposed to decrease morbidity and mortality.

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