Characteristics of uterine leiomyoma patients at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, from January to December 2014

Listiana Rizka Pranandari, Hari Nugroho, Dwi Aprilawati

Abstract views = 810 times | downloads = 1124 times


Objectives: To study the characteristics of patient with uterine leiomyoma to be used as reference and evaluation.

Materials and Methods: The data of this study taken by assess-ing patients’ medical record to be analyzed descriptively.

Results: Of 145 patients, 69,7% were female who are older than forty years of age. Uterine leiomyoma often occur in patients of reproductive age (31%). Only 2.8% patient used oral contra-ceptive and 15.2% had menarche at the age of 12-13 years. The number of uterine leiomyoma was higher in female who had history of pregnancy less than or equal to two times (35.2%) and dominated by patients who had history of birth less than or equal to two times (37.2%). 63.4% patient never consume cigarette. Moreover, 29.7% of patients were overweight female. Unfortun-ately, there is no data about family history, exercise habit and history of tissue injury in the medical record.

Conclusion: In this study, patients with uterine leiomyoma are dominantly female at age more than forty and at reproductive or perimenopause period with history of pregnancy and birth less than or equal to 2 times, never consume cigarette and overweight.


uterine leiomyoma; benign neoplasm in uterus; epidemiology; characteristics of patient; Surabaya; Indonesia

Full Text:



Berek JS. Berek & Novak's Gynecology, 14th Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007

Khan AT, Shehmar M, Gupta JK. Uterine fibroids: current perspectives. International Journal of Women’s Health. 2014;6:95–114.

Medikare V, Kandukuri L, Ananthapur V, et al. The genetic bases of uterine fibroids; A review. Journal Reproduction and Infertility. 2011;12(3): 181-91

Schorge JO, et al. Williams Gynecology. China: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.; 2008

Wise LA, Palmer JR, Stewart EA, Rosenberg L. 2005. Age-specific incidence rates for self-reported uterine leiomyomata in the Black Women's Health Study. Obstet Gynecol. 2005;105(3);563-8.

Flake G, Andersen J, Dixon D. 2003. Etiology and pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas: A review. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003;111(8): 1037–1054.

Takeda T. 2008. Relationship between metabolic syndrome and uterine leiomyomas: A case-control study. Gynecology and Obstetric Investigation. 2008;66:14-17.

Templeman C, Marshall SF, Clarke CA, et al. 2009. Risk factors for surgically-removed fibroids in a large cohort of teachers. Fertil Steril. 2009;92(4): 1436–46.

Zimmermann, A, Bernuit D, Gerlinger C, et al. 2012. Prevalence, symptoms and management of uterine fibroids: an international internet-based sur-vey of 21,746 women. BMC Womens Health. 2012;12:6.

Sparic R, Mirkovic L, Malvasi A, Tinelli A. 2016. Epidemiology of uterine myomas: A review. Inter-national Journal of Fertility and Sterility. 2016;9(4): 424–35.

Parker WH. Etiology, symptomatology, and diag-nosis of uterine myoma. Santa Monica: American Society for Reproductive Medicine; 2007

Qin J, Yang T, Kong F et al. Oral contra-ceptive use and uterine leiomyoma risk: a meta-analysis based on cohort and case–control studies. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2013;288:139

Hillard PJ. Berek & Novak's Gynecology, 14th edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.

Bieber EJ, Sanfilippo JS, Horowitz IR, Shafi MI. Clinical gynecology. Cambridge: Cambridge Uni-versity Press; 2015.

Ministry of Health, Health Research and Develop-ment Board. Laporan Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta: Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kemenkes; 2010.

American College of Obstetrics and Gynaecologist. 2015. Menstrual in Girls and Adolescent: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign. Committee on adolescent health care vol 651. [internet] [cited 2016 Nov 27]. Available from https://www.acog. org/-/media/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Adolescent-Health-Care/co651.pdf?dmc=1&ts= 20161221T072717574


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi



Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License