Praktik Sistem Keamanan Swakarsa pada Masa Pasca Kolonial di Jawa Timur

Arya Wanda Wirayuda

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Abstract


This article aims to explore how informal security system works in East Java, and becomes an integral part of the Indonesian post-colonial history. This article uses historical methods consisting of heuristics, criticism, interpretation and historiography. The writing about the self-supporting security system has actually been alluded to by several researchers, however, discussions that more specifically explore events in East Java are lacking. This article shows that the swakarsa security system is proof that the Indonesian people impose a system that normatively does not only depend on positive and detailed State law, but also informal agreements between the people and the State apparatus to make the situation more conducive. Throughout this period, some East  Javanese people believed that an independent security system that was almost never written clearly was an important capital for the formation of order in the community. The dynamics of the implementation of this system indicate that many groups of people who have interests, whether politically or not, facilitate the government to hold influence. The swakarsa security system in turn inspired the formation of Pamswakarsa which had a more militaristic tendency. This paper shows that the topic of historiography about community security systems needs to be reviewed more deeply.

Keywords


informal security system, swakarsa, pamswakarsa, post-colonial, East Java

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