MOZAIK HUMANIORA https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK <p><strong>Mozaik Humaniora</strong> is a journal that focuses on the scope of humanities and accepts articles on cultural studies, linguistics and literary studies, as well as philology and historical studies. It has been accredited as SINTA 2 by <em>Kemenristek-Dikti</em> (<span class="st">Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education</span>) with the Decree No. 200/MKPT/2020 issued on December 23, 2020.</p><p>Journal of Mozaik Humaniora is published by Faculty of Humanities, <a href="/" target="_blank">Universitas Airlangga</a>. It has two editions in a year which is published two times consisting of First Edition (January-June) aand Second Edition (July-December). Journal of Mozaik Humaniora accepts <span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span title=""> various academic articles from scholars and practitioners from Indonesia and abroad to exchange ideas and communicate research on the Humanities. Journal of Mozaik Humaniora only accepts the online submission through Online Journal System (OJS) application.</span></span></p> Universitas Airlangga en-US MOZAIK HUMANIORA 2442-8469 <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/jakiua/88x31.png" alt="" /></p><p align="justify"><span>Mozaik Humaniora is licensed under a </span><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>. <span>Both authors and Mozaik Humaniora agree with the following attribution of journal:</span></p><p align="justify">1. Copyright of this journal is possession of Author, by the knowledge of the Editorial Board and Journal Manager, while the moral right of the publication belongs to the author. </p><p align="justify">2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions</p><p align="justify">3. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (CC BY-SA).</p><p align="justify">4. The Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (CC BY-SA) license allows re-distribution and re-use of a licensed work on the conditions that the creator is appropriately credited and that any derivative work is made available under “the same, similar or a compatible license”. Other than the conditions mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violation.</p> The Changes in Social Commitment in The Works of Haruki Murakami https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/42114 <p>Haruki Murakami's early works, including "Hear The Wind Sing" and "Norwegian Wood," depict main characters characterized by a sense of detachment from society, reflecting the prevailing sentiments among Japanese youth in the late 1960s and 1970s. However, a notable shift occurs in Murakami's writing after 1995, particularly evident in novels like "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle," where the initial detachment transforms into a more engaged narrative. This research employs dialectical analysis, drawing from Murakami's aforementioned literary works</p> <p> </p> <p>and connecting them with his background, as revealed in the non-fiction piece "Underground," along with the social context of their creation. The objective is to explore the evolution of social commitment in Murakami's works, revealing a transition from detachment to attachment, and from themes of death and alienation to those of exploration and understanding. The newfound attachment serves a broader purpose: an understanding that transcends individual characters, fostering a connection among all human beings.</p> Dian Annisa Nur Ridha Copyright (c) 2023 Dian Annisa Nur Ridha http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-27 2023-12-27 23 2 150 164 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.42114 The Relationship between Chinese Men and Indigenous Women in Gowok (1929): Postcolonial Feminist Studies https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/35991 <p>This study aims to analyse how a Chinese-Indonesia descent male author represented indigenous women in Novel Gowok (1929). Gowok is a novel written by Liem Khing Hoo, depicting a relationship of race and gender under colonial discourse. To pursue the aim of this study, postcolonial feminist approach was used to reveal the quality of ideological and political relation under colonial discourse. The data collected were focussed on the relationship of women and race in this novel, the social group consciousness of the author, and colonial discourse. The results showed two points. First, the narrative of the indigenous women in this novel reflected the voice of Chinese-Indonesia descents from the moderate social group based on racial and gender relation. Second, the relationship of the indigenous women and the Chinese-Indonesia descents could be considered as political and ideological relation to realize tradition or culture nationalism concept in colonial contexts. In conclusion, this concept brings ambiguity characters.</p> Dwi Susanto Copyright (c) 2023 Dwi Susanto http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 165 178 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.35991 Manque à être: Psychoanalysis in the Dilemma of Constructing Subject in Culture and Literature https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/37332 <p>Psychoanalysis has been able to assert historically that it is not a closed branch of science to other disciplines. Its contribution to literature and culture makes it able to flexibly explain the dilemma of subject formation both in literature and culture. Freud, the founding father of psychology owes a debt to the Oedipus Rex story that anchors his entire thought. Acrobatically, Freud's thought was then continued by Lacan in order to explain cultural events that were born like language structure events. Language, literature, and culture then have a meeting point where the cultural process that is never final is precisely a signal that the subject always tries to overcome the shortcomings in himself when slaughtered by language. Language is unable to express itself fully, so literature and culture as products are nothing, but an extension of the subject who continues to feel lack. Zizek as the latest thinker from the previous two generations makes a foothold that the back and forth between the author and his work as an attempt to overcome the logic of deficiency or symptoms embodying the self and the fictional world in order to achieve wholeness exactly like the experience of returning to the mother's body or the real.</p> Ghanesya Hari Murti Rizal Octofianto Datau Andang Subaharianto Copyright (c) 2023 Ghanesya Hari Murti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 179 190 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.37332 When Theatre Becomes Digital: A Theoretical Implication on Theatre Study Development in Indonesia https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/42711 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic wrought havoc across various facets of human life, inducing transformative disruptions, notably in the domain of theatre. The traditional paradigm of live indoor performances, characterized by the dynamic interactions among actors, was rendered unsafe. In response, the digital space emerged as a viable alternative, not only in Indonesia but globally. This paradigm shift necessitates and begets new theories intrinsic to theatre in the digital realm. This article traces the historical trajectory and the ensuing transformations in digital theatre, offering insights into the anticipated outcomes of these changes within the realm of theatre and performance studies. The evolution of theatre in the digital space challenges established boundaries, rules, and theories, fundamentally altering conceptions related to actor relationships, the juxtaposition of physical and digital bodies, delineations between stage and backstage, considerations of identity, ideology, and the very essence of this nascent digital domain. </p> Meilinda Meilinda Ratih Puspa Copyright (c) 2023 Meilinda Meilinda, Ratih Puspa, PhD http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 191 204 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.42711 Gotong Royong with Doctor Soetomo to Build Gedung Nasional Indonesia and Nationality Awareness 1924—1938 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/41989 <p>This article examines the need for national building infrastructure as a means of struggle for the Indonesische Studieclub. Citizen participation, thus, is needed to realize Gedung Nasional Indonesia (GNI) independently since at that time the Dutch East Indies were experiencing an economic recession. Consequently, this decision was seen as a paradox. This article, hence, was focussed on reasons for building a national building during the economic crisis period, funding strategies, as well as the spirit of indigenous people who wanted to be resurrected. In other words, this article aims to explain the synergistic practices of inclusive institutions and indigenous people as well as the efforts of the Indonesische Studieclub to fight for the interests of indigenous peoples. To pursue the aim of this article, historical method was used. Newspaper reports published in the 1920s and 1930s then were used as primary data. The results showed Dr. Soetomo as a leader with the experience and ability to integrate different political and ideological currents could gain the sympathy of the indigenous people indicated with the success of leading the Indonesische Studieclub and Persatuan Bangsa Indonesia (the United Nations of Indonesia) as inclusive institutions. Furthermore, Dr. Soetomo and his organization were able to mobilize citizen participation through gotong royong tradition (Mutual Cooperation) to build a national building in Surabaya. Their spirit of togetherness even was able to create a useful national building as a centre for the struggle of indigenous peoples to strengthen national awareness. In short, gotong royong as social capital could be optimized as a means of fighting for building national awareness.</p> Samidi Samidi Copyright (c) 2023 Samidi Samidi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 206 222 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.41989 Forging Futures: The Role of Education in Shaping the Chinese Elite in Surabaya (1880s-1942) https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/47559 <p>This article delves into the crucial role of education in the formation of the Chinese elite in Surabaya from the 1880s to 1942. Education held immense significance within the Chinese community, serving not only as a vehicle for cultural preservation but also as a means of instilling a spirit of equality, positioning education as an integral component of the emancipation movement. The success of Chinese community education is evidenced by the emergence of a cadre of Chinese elites poised to effect transformative changes within their community. Consequently, this article seeks to explain the role of the elite in steering educational objectives to align with contemporary progress and the evolving needs of the Chinese generation. Employing historical methods, the research highlights that the educational pursuits of the Chinese community bore fruit in the form of diverse elite groups. The varied Chinese elite groups that surfaced from the late 19th century to 1942 significantly contributed to the unique narrative of Surabaya's history. Their contributions include catalyzing the Indonesian national spirit and addressing health and education challenges.</p> Shinta Devi Ika Santhi Rahayu Singgih Tri Sulistiyono Dhanang Respati Pugu Alamsyah Alamsyah Copyright (c) 2023 Shinta Devi Ika Santhi Rahayu, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Dhanang Respati Pugu, Alamsyah Alamsyah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 223 243 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.47559 Systematic Review of Trends in Dark Tourism Research https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/42467 <p>Dark tourism, encapsulating themes of death, crime, violence, and suffering within a tourism framework, has sparked controversy and ethical concerns. Nevertheless, it remains a compelling subject of research. This study employs the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol to provide a systematic overview of the trends in dark tourism research disseminated across reputable Scopus scientific journals over the last decade. The findings present a comprehensive snapshot of the evolving landscape of dark tourism research, identifying key variables that signify the expansive realms open for exploration within this domain.</p> Siti Hamidah Imam Nur Hakim Copyright (c) 2023 Imam Nur Hakim, Siti Hamidah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.42467 Directive Function in a Tourism Discourse: A Corpus-Based Analysis https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/44748 <p>The promotion of tourism through guidebooks stands as a pivotal marketing strategy to entice visitors to their desired destinations. However, a considerable number of tourism books fall short due to inadequacies in adhering to the language of tourism (LoT) criteria. Among the essential functions within tourism discourse is the directive function, with a specific focus on imperative verbs. This study employs a corpus-based approach to identify and classify imperative verbs in the Three Sixty Guide Bali, according to their functions in the guidebook. The imperative verbs are categorized for various purposes, including food attractions, health services, sports activities, retreats, zoo visits, shows, and party recommendations. The analysis reveals approximately 94 verbs serving directive functions in the guidebook, imbued with persuasive nuances aimed at captivating readers and transforming them into potential customers. These findings offer valuable insights for tourism guidebook writers and website developers, facilitating the creation of persuasive and compelling guides that assure prospective tourists of the services, amenities, and experiences awaiting them.</p> Suhaimi Taufik Afdal Copyright (c) 2023 Taufik Afdal, Suhaimi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 265 275 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.44748 Ethnography of Communication: SPEAKING Analysis on Childbirth Services in Sa’dan, North Toraja https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/41290 <p>This study aims to identify cultural communication gaps in three common childbirth speech events, namely among the Toraja ethnic community in Sa'dan, North Toraja involving childbirth attendants and different locations, namely (1) childbirth attended by a midwife in a healthcare facility, (2) childbirth attended by a to'mappakianak (traditional birth attendant) at the mother's home, and (3) childbirth with collaborative efforts between a midwife and to'mappakianak in a healthcare facility. To pursue the aim of this study, SPEAKING analysis was used. The SPEAKING analysis (Scene/Setting-Participants-Ends-Act-Key-Instruments-Norms-Genre) is a framework in communication ethnography study developed by Dell Hymes to understand and analyse the society and culture of an ethnic group through communication processes. The results indicated that both midwives and to'mappakianak culturally shared the same goal of safely attending childbirth. However, within the context of different speech community’s perspectives, the experiences and cultural nuances of participants, including childbirth attendants, mothers, and families, also conveyed different meanings. These differences could be positive or negative for the involved participants. This study could provide insights for policy of maternal and child health service providers to consider cultural and communication factors in health services for Toraja ethnics in Sa'dan, North Toraja. In short, competent childbirth attendants should be culturally communicative and adhere to safe motherhood principles.</p> Weny Lestari Copyright (c) 2023 Weny Lestari http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 276 291 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.41290 Kidung Koplo as a Media for Preserving Javanese Language for the Millennial Generation of Javanese Diaspora in South Sumatera https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MOZAIK/article/view/33273 <p>This article aims to examine the use of Javanese dangdut koplo music and Kidung Koplo podcast as alternative media for preserving Javanese language among the millennial generation of Javanese diaspora in South Sumatra. Javanese dangdut koplo is very popular among the millennial generation throughout Indonesia. On the other hand, podcast is also considered as a very high popularity trend among the millennial generation. Hence, the use of Javanese dangdut koplo music and podcasts is assumed to be a potential alternative media in preserving Javanese language. To pursue the aim of this article, a qualitative-descriptive approach was used. To collect data, interviews, observations, and literature study then were conducted. The primary sources in this article were language and culture experts; the history of dangdut koplo music development; dangdung koplo singers; as well as the millennials of Javanese diaspora in South Sumatra. The results showed that Kidung Koplo podcasts presenting dangdut songs with translations and meanings were able to increase understanding and insight of the millennials into Javanese language still poorly mastered. In conclusion, digital media that is popular among young people can be used as a means of education and preservation, therefore, podcasts then can increase the interest and ability of millennials to understand new knowledge, in this case Javanese. </p> Yulia Rohmawati Rafida Mumtaz Iftifaroh Azzah Johny Alfian Khusyairi Copyright (c) 2023 Yulia Rohmawati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 23 2 292 305 10.20473/mozaik.v23i2.33273