https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/issue/feed Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction 2024-04-19T00:00:00+07:00 Prof. Dr. Imam Mustofa imam.mustofa@fkh.unair.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction (OvozoaJ AnimReprod)</p> <p><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2722-967X" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN International Centre;</a> e-ISSn:<a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1589875259"> 2722-967X</a> ; p-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1350359151" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2302-6464</a> </p> <p>Ovozoa is a peer-reviewed and open access triannually (April, August, and December) by <a href="https://fkh.unair.ac.id/">Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga</a> in collaboration with <a href="https://drive.google.com/uc?export=download&amp;id=170iveGZDhFlvaom0U1dFfOVwmpB1fZBP">the Indonesian Association of Department of Veterinary Reproduction</a> and <a href="https://drive.google.com/uc?export=download&amp;id=1zZJGAEaG0yq_vRFb9Q7S2MUjPvy2QrUO">the Indonesian Animal Reproduction Association</a> under the coordination of the Institute of Innovation, Journal Development, Publishing and Intellectual Property Rights (<a href="https://lipjphki.unair.ac.id/">https://lipjphki.unair.ac.id/</a>) Universitas Airlangga.</p> <p>The Aim of Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction is publishes original scientific papers in the field of Basic Research, Biotechnology, Applied Research and Review Articles, with the goal of contributing to a better understanding of phenomena related to animal reproduction. The scope of the Ovozoa: Journal of Animal Reproduction applies to students, lecturer, researchers and practitioners in the fields of veterinary, biology and animal science reproduction.</p> <p>Ovozoa has been indexed in <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2722-967X">Road</a>, <a href="https://search.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&amp;q=ovozoa">WorldCat</a>, <a href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=ovozoa&amp;name=&amp;oaboost=1&amp;newsearch=1&amp;refid=dcbasen">BASE</a></p> https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/55203 Managing retained placenta in first-parity doe and administering vitamin A, D, and E as supportive treatment 2024-03-03T09:45:17+07:00 Dhea Salsabila dheasalsabila2014@gmail.com Viski Fitri Hendrawan viski@ub.ac.id <p>This study aims to report the treatment of retained placenta in a doe by administration of intrauterine antibiotics, accompanied by intramuscular injection of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, and injection of vitamins A, D, and E as supportive treatment. The Saanen doe was brown, approximately two years old with a BCS of 3/5 and kidding for the first time on January 11, 2023. The following day, it was reported that the doe's placenta had not been expelled until 24 hours after kidding. Physically the doe was weak, unable to stand, and reddish-brown discharge was seen came out of the vulva. Based on these conditions the doe was diagnosed as having retained placenta with a fausta prognosis. The doe was treated with a bolus of antibiotics contained 250 mg sulphadiazine and 50 mg trimethoprim which was diluted with 5 mL of 0.9% NaCl for uterine lavage. Systemic treatment consisted of intramuscular injection of ceftiofur at 1.1 mg/kg bw, flunixin meglumine at 1.1 mg/kg bw, as well as a combination of 300,000 IU of vitamin A palmitate, 100,000 IU of vitamin D3, and 50 mg of vitamin E acetate as supportive treatment. The treatment was successful, the doe was able to stand and eat when examined the next day after treatment. The doe returned to estrus 42 days after treatment. It could be concluded that treatment of retained placenta in a doe with intrauterine broad-spectrum antibiotics, beta-lactamase antibiotics and intramuscular anti-inflammatory, with vitamins A, D and E as supportive therapy was effective and the doe returned to estrus 42 days after treatment.</p> 2024-04-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dhea Salsabila, Viski Fitri Hendrawan https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/42204 The addition of duck egg yolk in skim milk – fructose extender maintains sperm motility and viability of Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) at 5°C storage 2024-01-23T08:26:02+07:00 Isti Annisa Ramahtia istiannisaramahtia@gmail.com Tatik Hernawati tatik-h@fkh.unair.ac.id Tri Wahyu Suprayogi tri-w-s@fkh.unair.ac.id Tjuk Imam Restiadi tjuk-i-r@fkh.unair.ac.id Djoko Legowo djoko-l@fkh.unair.ac.id Samuel Inioluwa Akeju samuelinioluwa17@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to determine the addition of duck egg yolk in skim milk – fructose extender on sperm motility and viability of Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) at 5°C storage. Ejaculates of Muscovy duck were divided into four portions equally. The first portion was for the control group (diluted in skim milk – fructose extender), and the second, third, and fourth portions were for the treatment groups of T1, T2, and T3 (diluted in skim milk – fructose extender added with 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5% v/v duck egg yolk). Sperm motility and viability were evaluated two hourly until the motility percentage reached 40%. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Duncan test. The result showed that the highest percentage of spermatozoa motility and viability (p&lt;0.05) was in the T2 group compared to the other groups. It could be concluded that the Muscovy duck semen extended in skim milk - fructose with 2.5 to 7.5% egg yolk of duck qualified for artificial insemination at storage up to 10 hours in 5°C storage.</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Isti Annisa Ramahtia, Tatik Hernawati, Tri Wahyu Suprayogi, Tjuk Imam Restiadi, Djoko Legowo, Samuel Inioluwa Akeju https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/49662 Comparison of reproductive performance of Ongole cross and Ongole-Limousin cross in Bekri district, Central Lampung regency, Lampung province, Indonesia 2024-02-09T16:05:59+07:00 Puspa Permata Sukma puspapermatasukma@gmail.com Sri Mulyati sri-m@fkh.unair.ac.id Pudji Srianto pudji-s@fkh.unair.ac.id Sri Pantja Madyawati sri-p-m@fkh.unair.ac.id Ira Sari Yudaniayanti ira-s-y@fkh.unair.ac.id Abdullah Hasib a.hasib@uqconnect.edu.au <p>This study aims to compare the reproductive performance of the Ongole cross (PO) and Ongole-Limousin cross (Limpo) on smallholder farmer in Bekri district, Central Lampung regency, Lampung province, a Indonesia. This study used 30 PO cows, 30 Limpo F1 (first filial) cows and 30 Limpo F2 cows. Sample cows had at least two parities and had never had a history of reproductive disorders. This study used primary and secondary data related to sample cows. Primary data was obtained from interviews with farmers and secondary data was obtained from the Department of Plantations, Livestock and Fisheries of Central Lampung regency, and inseminator recording. Data were described descriptively and analyzed using a one-way Analysis of Variance in Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) version 23. The result showed that the services per conception of Limpo F2 cows was higher (p &lt;0.05) than for PO and Limpo F1 cows. Days open and calving interval for Limpo cows (F1 and F2) were longer (p &lt;0.05) than for PO cows. Days open and calving interval for Limpo F1 cows were not significantly different (p &gt;0.05) than for Limpo F2 cows. Reproductive performance of PO cows was better compared to Limpo F1 and Limpo F2 cows. However, there was a data discrepancy between reproductive performance and data on rearing systems, feed quality, and signs of estrus observed by farmers. It could be concluded that PO cows had better reproductive performance than Limpo cows.</p> 2024-03-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Puspa Permata Sukma, Sri Mulyati, Pudji Srianto, Sri Pantja Madyawati, Ira Sari Yudaniayanti, Abdullah Hasib https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/51852 Reproductive disorders of cows in several villages of Kedamean district, Gresik regency, East Java, Indonesia in 2023 2024-03-04T10:07:11+07:00 Budi Utomo budi_reprovet@yahoo.com Rimayanti Rimayanti rimayanti@fkh.unair.ac.id Tjuk Imam Restiadi tjukir@yahoo.com Muhammad Fajar Amrullah fajaramrullah98@gmail.com <p>Reproductive disorders are the main cause of economic losses in beef herds. This study aimed to determine the type of reproductive disorder in beef cows in Kedamean district, Gresik regency, related to feeding, age, and parity. The method used for this study was a survey. Primary data was obtained from field surveys by interviewing farmers, animal health officials, inseminators, and direct inspection of cows and pens. Secondary data was obtained from the Gresik Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Service. The data obtained was then compiled and performed descriptively. The results showed that the number of productive cows in this study area was 935, of which 340 (36.36%) had reproductive disorders. The highest type of reproductive disorder was ovarian hypofunction (OHF) (14.55%, 136/935) and the smallest was cystic ovaries (0.11%, 1/935). Cows aged two and three years (heifers and first parity) have a percentage of reproductive disorders of more than 60% compared to cows of other ages, most of them (13.82% and 12.65%) were OHF. The cows fed straw have a greater percentage of reproductive disorders than cows fed field grass. Cases of OHF engaged the first position followed by cases of silent estrus and persistent corpus luteum. It could be concluded that reproductive disorders in the form of OHF, persistent corpus luteum, and silent estrus in several villages in Kedamean district, Gresik regency, East Java, Indonesia in 2023 mostly occured at the age of two to three years on heifers or first parity, fed straw.</p> 2024-03-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Budi Utomo, Rimayanti Rimayanti, Tjuk Imam Restiadi, Muhammad Fajar Amrullah https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/51344 The effect of ciplukan (Physalis angulate Linn.) leaf extract on the testicles of rats (Rattus norvegicus) exposed to heat 2024-03-04T10:02:50+07:00 Annisa Nur Fitria Rahma annisanurfr@gmail.com Sherina Lashita Candrakirana sherina.lashita@yahoo.com Rimayanti Rimayanti rimayanti@fkh.unair.ac.id Tri Wahyu Suprayogi tri-w-s@fkh.unair.ac.id Budi Utomo budi-u@fkh.unair.ac.id Tatik Hernawati tatik-h@fkh.unair.ac.id Anwar Ma’ruf anwar-m@fkh.unair.ac.id Nove Hidajati nove-h@fkh.unair.ac.id Kadek Rachmawati kadek-r@fkh.unair.ac.id Eka Pramyrtha Hestianah eka-p-s@fkh.unair.ac.id Hani Plumeriastuti hani-p@fkh.unair.ac.id <p>This study aims to determine the effect of administration of ciplukan (<em>Physalis angulate</em> Linn.) leaf extract on the variables of testicular weight, seminiferous tubules diameter, and spermatozoa plasma membrane integrity of rats (<em>Rattus norvegicus</em>) exposed to heat as model animals. Rats were divided randomly into five groups. In the NC group, rats were not exposed to heat and were only given 1% Na-CMC. In the PC, T1, T2, and T3 rats were exposed to heat followed by administration of 1% Na-CMC, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg bw of ciplukan leaf extract (CLE) in 1% Na-CMC. Heat exposure at 40°C was conducted for 60 minutes every day for 21 days. On day-22, all rats were sacrificed for testicular evaluation. The results showed that all variables in the PC group were lower (p &lt;0.05) than in the NC group. All variables in the T3 group were higher (p &lt;0.05) than in the PC group. Testicular weight and spermatozoa plasma membrane integrity in the T3 group were not significantly different (p &gt;0.05) from the NC group. However, the diameter of the seminiferous tubules in the T3 group were lower (p &lt;0.05) than in the NC group. This study revealed that the administration of ciplukan leaf extract as an antioxidant increased testicular weight, seminiferous tubules diameter, and spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane in rats exposed to heat.</p> 2024-03-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Annisa Nur Fitria Rahma, Sherina Lashita Candrakirana, Rimayanti Rimayanti, Tri Wahyu Suprayogi, Budi Utomo, Tatik Hernawati, Anwar Ma’ruf, Nove Hidajati, Kadek Rachmawati, Eka Pramyrtha Hestianah, Hani Plumeriastuti https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/49953 White guava (Psidium guajava L.) fruit juice ameliorated the number of spermatogenic cells in rats (Rattus Novergicus) exposed to lead acetate 2024-03-17T22:41:49+07:00 Muhammad Faizal Adiutomo izalfaizal13@gmail.com Suzanita Utama suzanita-u@fkh.unair.ac.id Herry Agoes Hermadi herry-a-h@fkh.unair.ac.id Wurlina Wurlina wurlina@fkh.unair.ac.id Hardany Primarizky hardany-p@fkh.unair.ac.id Rochmah Kurnijasanti rochmah-k@fkh.unair.ac.id <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This study aims to determine the effect of oral administration of white guava fruit juice (<em>Psidium guajava</em> L.) on the spermatogenic cells of rats (<em>Rattus norvegicus</em>) exposed orally to lead acetate. Twenty-five male rats (<em>Rattus norvegicus</em>) of the Wistar strain were randomly divided into five groups. Placebo group rats (P0) were given 0.5 mL distilled water twice every day orally at four-hour intervals. Groups T0, T1, T2, and T3 were given lead acetate 50 mg/kg bw orally, then respectively given distilled water, 100, 50 and 25% (v/v) white guava (<em>Psidium guajava</em> L.) fruit juice orally four hours later for 14 days. On day-15, the rats were sacrificed and their testicles were taken for histological preparations. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the number of spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids cells of rats in T0 group was lower (p &lt;0.05) than in P0 group. Higher spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids cells (p &lt;0.05) were found in the T1 group compared to the T0 group. However, the number of spermatogonia and spermatocytes in the T1 group was still lower than in the P0 group. The number of spermatids in the T3 group was almost the same (p &gt;0.05) as in the P0 group. This study found that white guava pure juice without dilution was the best for maintaining the number of spermatids, but was unable to restore the number of spermatogonia and spermatocyte cells in rats exposed to lead acetate.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2024-03-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Faizal Adiutomo, Suzanita Utama, Herry Agoes Hermadi, Wurlina Wurlina, Hardany Primarizky, Rochmah Kurnijasanti https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/OVZ/article/view/49545 Porang (Amorphophallus oncophyllus) tuber extract improved the histopathological features of diabetic rat (Rattus norvegicus) testicles 2024-03-24T21:39:06+07:00 Dwi Puspa Sukma Viranda dpsvira@gmail.com Rochmah Kurnijasanti rochmah-k@fkh.unair.ac.id Kadek Rachmawati kadek-r@fkh.unair.ac.id Iwan Sahrial Hamid iwan-s-h@fkh.unair.ac.id Pudji Srianto pudji-s@fkh.unair.ac.id Hani Plumeriastuti hani-p@fkh.unair.ac.id Lita Rakhma Yustinasari lita-r-y@fkh.unair.ac.id <p>This study aims to determine the effect of porang (<em>Amorphophallus oncophyllus</em>) tuber extract on the histopathological features of the testicle of alloxan induced rats (<em>Rattus norvegicus</em>). Thirty male rats were randomly divided into six groups. Rats in group C- were injected with distilled water, while rats in groups C+, T0, T1, T2, and T3 were injected with 120 mg/kg bw alloxan. Blood glucose was measured three days after alloxan injection. Rats in groups C- and C+ were then administered with 1% Na-CMC, whereas rats in groups T0, T1, T2, and T3 were then administered with 45mg/kg bw metformin, and 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg bw of porang tuber extract, respectively. All solution were given orally once every day for 14 days. Spermatogenic activity was assessed using the Johnsen scoring system and analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, followed by the Mann-Whitney test. The diameter and epithelial thickness of the seminiferous tubule were measured using image raster software and analyzed using Anova followed by Duncan’s test. The results showed that spermatogenesis score, diameter, and epithelial thickness of seminiferous tubule of group C+ were smaller (p &lt;0.05) than group C-. Spermatogenesis scores of groups T0, T1, T2, and T3 were higher (p &lt;0.05) than group C+. Seminiferous tubule diameter and epithelial thickness in groups T0, T1, and T2 were greater (p &lt;0.05) than group C+. It could be concluded that porang tuber extract at a dose of 200 mg/kg bw improved the spermatogenesis score, diameter seminiferous tubule, and thickness of the epithelium of diabetic rats.</p> 2024-03-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dwi Puspa Sukma Viranda, Rochmah Kurnijasanti, Kadek Rachmawati, Iwan Sahrial Hamid, Pudji Srianto, Hani Plumeriastuti, Lita Rakhma Yustinasari