Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES <p align="justify"><strong>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</strong> is a scientific journal that contains original articles and literature review related to the field of Health Promotion and Behavior Science (including organization behavior, health education, health empowerment, health politics, social determinant of health, health communication, social and cultural health. Our <strong>vision</strong> is <span style="text-decoration: underline;">'becom</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">e an International journal in the field of health promotion and behavioral science in</span> <a title="List of Developing Country" href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1amzB4EE0rLLejENLx-0t7sxccJEPFH7K">developing countries</a>'. while our <strong>missions</strong> are:</p><div class="WordSection1"><ol><li>Publish the results of research in the field of health promotion and behavioral science in <a title="List of Developing Country" href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1amzB4EE0rLLejENLx-0t7sxccJEPFH7K">Developing Countries</a></li><li>Publish the results of a systematical review, literature review commentary article in the field of health promotion and behavioral science in <a title="List of Developing Country" href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1amzB4EE0rLLejENLx-0t7sxccJEPFH7K">Developing Countries</a></li><li>Become a referral journal for researchers, lecturers, students and practitioners in the field of health promotion and behavioral science in <a title="List of Developing Country" href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1amzB4EE0rLLejENLx-0t7sxccJEPFH7K">Developing Countries</a></li></ol><div><p align="justify">Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education (<a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1328509481">p-ISSN 2085-3475</a>,<a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1472798083"> e-ISSN 2540-9972</a>) is published by Universitas Airlangga in <a href="https://persakmi.or.id/jaringan-pengelola-jurnal-ilmiah-jpji-persakmi/">collaboration with <span>Perhimpunan Sarjana dan Profesional Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia </span>(PERSAKMI)</a>/<a href="https://persakmi.or.id/jaringan-pengelola-jurnal-ilmiah-jpji-persakmi/">Indonesian Public Health Union</a>. Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education is based on Surabaya, Indonesia. Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education published articles twice a year (March and September). </p></div></div><p align="justify">We welcome all of experts, practitioners, and academicians who are interested in health promotion and behavior science to submit their articles. Submitted articles will be reviewed by Indonesian and international experts in Health Promotion and Behavior Science. Authors can submit articles by following the schedule publication of Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education in March and September. Articles could be written in either Bahasa Indonesia or English. Every edition will be indexed and abstracting in the main database, such as <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=3960">SINTA (S2)</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2540-9972?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222085-3475%22%2C%222540-9972%22%5D%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%7D">DOAJ</a>, <a href="https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/journal/view/8231">Portal Garuda</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=RY5yMHgAAAAJ&amp;hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, <a href="https://extranet.who.int/hinari/en/browse_journal_titles.php?j_init=J&amp;n=25&amp;p=39&amp;type=all">Hinari</a>, <a href="https://www.neliti.com/id/journals/jurnal-promkes">Neliti</a>.</p> Universitas Airlangga en-US Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2085-3475 <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Lisensi Creative Commons" /></a><div> </div><div><p align="justify">In order to be accepted and published by <span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</span>, Author(s) who submit an article should complete all the review process. The copyright of received articles assigned to the <span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education,and Department</span> of Health Promotion and Behavior Science, Universitas Airlangga as publishers of the journal. The intended copyright includes the rights to publish articles in various forms (including reprints).</p></div><div> </div><div><span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</span> keep the rights to articles that have been published. Authors are permitted to disseminate published article by sharing the link of<p align="justify"><span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</span>'s website. Authors are allowed to use their works for any purposes deemed necessary without written permission from <span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</span>S and/or Department of Health Promotion and Behavior Science, Universitas Airlangga with an acknowledgement of initial publication in this journal.</p></div><div><p align="justify">The Editorial Team of <span>Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education</span> and Department of Health Promotion and Behavior Sciences strive to ensure that no errors occur in the articles that have been published, both data errors and statements in the article.</p><p align="justify">Users of this website will be licensed to use materials from this website following the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0">.</a> No fees charged. Please use the materials accordingly.</p><p align="justify">------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------</p><p align="justify">Attribution — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.</p><p align="justify">NonCommercial — You may not use the material for <a id="commercial_purposes_popup" class="helpLink" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" data-original-title="">commercial purposes</a>.</p><p>ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/">same license </a>as the original.</p></div> Causes of Open Defecation in East Java Province in 2018 https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/30350 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Open defecation (OD) is a sanitation problem that can have a negative impact on health. Open defecation can have a bad impact on sanitation this poor sanitation can then trigger various diseases. <strong>Objective: </strong>This study aims to find out the factors related to the behavior of open defecation (OD) in Regency/City communities of East Java Province in 2018. <strong>Methods</strong>: Ecological approach based on secondary data published by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, East Java Provincial Health Office, and the Central Statistics Agency of East Java Province of 38 districts/cities in East Java Province were included in this study. This study examined the percentage of healthy latrine users with 4 other independent variables, namely the percentage of facilities that met the available requirements, the percentage of villages that applied Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), the prevalence of diarrhea cases, and the percentage of illiteracy rates. Data were analyzed using cross tabulation with SPSS.<strong> Results</strong>: There were still several districts/cities in East Java Province that had not used latrines when defecating, most of them were in districts/cities with inadequate facilities, low percentage of villages willing to implement CLTS, low percentage of illiteracy, and moderate diarrhea prevalence.<strong> Conclusion</strong>: Based on these results, it can be concluded that the factors of the availability of facilities, education, compliance with CLTS implementation, and the prevalence of diarrhea have a relationship with the percentage of latrine users in districts/cities in East Java Province. The results of this study can be used by local stakeholders to make health-based policies as an effort to reduce open defecation.</em></p> Shalikul Hadi Hario Megatsari Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 1 7 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.1-7 Determinants of Covid-19 Vaccination Uptake Among the Elderly in Jagakarsa Sub-District, South-Jakarta https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/29177 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> COVID-19 is considered to be responsible for the emergence of a new dangerous outbreak. Therefore, it is expected that the interest in receiving vaccines will be very high. However, the lowest vaccination uptake rate comes from the elderly population. </em><strong><em>Objective:</em></strong><em> To investigate determinants of COVID-19 vaccination uptake among the elderly. </em><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> Cross-sectional design study. This research was conducted in Jagakarsa Sub-district from March to July 2021 with an online interview. The sample size was 393 from the total population study of 21,903. The sampling method was purposive sampling with independent variables namely gender, education level, knowledge, attitudes, government policy, health worker’s recommendations, family support, access to COVID-19 vaccination service facilities, perceptions of COVID-19, and perceptions of COVID-19 vaccines. The dependent variable was COVID-19 vaccine uptake. Sample inclusion criteria included the elderly aged ≥ 60 years old and who lived in the Jagakarsa Sub-district. The exclusion criteria were those who were not willing to be respondents. This study conducted a univariate analysis to determine the frequency distribution of variables. Bivariate data analysis that was used were Chi-Square and multivariate data analysis with multiple logistic regression (α=0.05). </em><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> The results of the bivariate analysis showed that education, knowledge, perceptions of COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccines, attitudes, government policies, access to COVID-19 vaccination service facilities, health worker’s recommendations, and family support had a significant relationship with COVID-19 vaccine uptake. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the most associated factor was the perception of COVID-19 vaccine with AOR= 9,928 (95% CI: 5,386-18,302). </em><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>Respondents had a high acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines, whereas most of the respondents were worried about the side effects at the same time. As our findings suggest, informing the elderly about forthcoming vaccines would help to build their trust in the COVID-19 vaccines.</em></p> Amelia Savitri Rafiah Maharani Pulungan Fathinah Ranggauni Hardy Terry Y.R. Pristya Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 8 15 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.8-15 Indonesian Muslim Tradition during COVID-19 Pandemic https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/26466 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The majority of Indonesians are Muslim (87%) scattered in each province. They celebrated Eid al-Fitr at the end of May 2020 along with the COVID-19 pandemic that has not ended yet. The tradition of celebrating Eid day is contradictive to the COVID-19 transmission prevention efforts that prohibit people from the crowd, prohibit having activities outside of their houses, and limit human mobilization. Even the president has imposed a ban on mudik Lebaran (coming back to hometown) due to the prediction of massive human migration. The handling of the COVID-19 pandemic requires participation of all parties, including the central government, regional governments, local leaders, the private sector, and the whole community. <strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to describe the Indonesian Muslim tradition related to the prevention of the transmission of COVID-19 pandemic. <strong>Methods:</strong> This was quantitative research with a cross-sectional design. Data were collected a day before Eid day. There were 246 Muslims in Central Java province as respondents. Variables in this study were respondent characteristics (age, sex, educational level, occupation, and economic level) and Muslim Eid Al-Fitr tradition such as mudik tradition, Eid shopping needs, silaturahmi tradition, and Eid praying. This study also identified the respondents’ practice in preventing COVID-19 transmission. All variables were analyzed descriptively to explain how Muslims conducted their tradition during the COVID-19 pandemic. <strong>Results</strong>: COVID-19 pandemic caused most Muslims not to celebrate Eid as usual. They had to be far away from their families. On the other hand, the tradition to visit the tombs of the ancestors was also maintained by Javanese people and had become a habitual culture. Carelessness and disobedience against health protocols during a pandemic might bring fatal consequences to themselves and others. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Most Muslims were discouraged from mudik, silaturahmi, and performing Eid prayer in a congregation in the mosque. They encountered difficulties to keep physical distancing due to people around did not exercise physical distancing for themselves.</em></p> Aditya Kusumawati Ratih Indraswari Novia Handayani Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 16 23 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.16-23 Effectiveness of Training and Use of Si Centing Application on Knowledge and Skills of Posyandu Cadres https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/25540 <p><strong><em><span lang="EN-US">Background: </span></em></strong><em><span lang="EN-US">Stunting is a condition where toddlers have a length or height that is less than their age. Various efforts have been made to overcome nutritional problems in the community through optimizing the role of posyandu. Cadres are front liners in the early detection of nutritional problems within the community, so they are required to have good knowledge and skills. <strong>Objective: </strong>The<strong> </strong>purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the training and use of the Si Centing Application. <strong>Methods: </strong>This study used a pre-experimental design with a one group pretest-posttest design. The population in this study was all posyandu cadres with a total sample of 64 people. Data collection techniques were carried out by measuring the knowledge and skills of cadres before and after receiving training and using the centing application. The data analysis technique used the T-test. <strong>Results</strong>: The P-Value of the statistical knowledge test was 0.000 and the p-value for attitude was 0.000. These results indicate that H</span><sub><span lang="EN-US">0</span></sub><span lang="EN-US"> was rejected, so it can be concluded that there are differences in the average value of the knowledge and skills of volunteers before and after the training and use of the Centing application. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>There was a difference in the average value of knowledge and skills of cadres before and after the training and use of the Centing application in Singaparna District 2020. We suggest Puskesmas and Health to develop an agenda for capacity building activities for Posyandu cadres which are held regularly by using tools or promotional media of health according to the needs of the community.</span></em></p> Sinta Fitriani Fitriani Amalia Siti Zahra Ade Rahmat Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 24 29 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.24-29 Threat Perception with COVID-19 Prevention Behavior in Community in Sukoharjo https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/28656 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Currently, almost all countries in the world are experiencing cases of the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 disease has been declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) after almost most of the countries in the world were infected with COVID-19. One of the ways to prevent COVID-19 is determined by perception of threat to COVID-19 that occurs in the community. </em><strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong><em>This study aims to determine </em><em>the relationship between threat perception and COVID-19 prevention behavior in Sukoharjo Regency. </em><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> The type of research used was analytical observational with a cross-sectional approach</em><em>. The population was all residents aged 15-65 years in Sukoharjo Regency of 618,992 in 2018 with a total sample of 246 people from simple random sampling technique. </em><em>The research was conducted in October-December 2020. The research instrument used was questionnaires which were filled out directly by the respondents through google form. The research variables were threat perception and COVID-19 prevention behavior. Bivariate statistical test using chi square test. <strong>Results: </strong>The results showed that respondent's perception of the threat of COVID-19, the perception was high (67.1%) with high COVID-19 prevention behavior as well (58.8%).</em><em> T</em><em>hreat perception influenced mask wearing behavior (OR= 2.68; P value&lt;0.031), hand washing behavior (OR= 3.39; P value&lt;0.001), and social distancing behavior (OR= 3.39; P value&lt;0.001). There was a relationship between threat perception and COVID-19 prevention behavior in Sukoharjo Regency (P value&lt;0.000). </em><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>The study concluded that threat perception was related to COVID-19 prevention behavior, both the behavior of using masks, washing hands and social distancing. There is a need for regional government policies to maintain the behavior of preventing COVID-19 in order to reduce the number of COVID-19 cases in Indonesia</em></p> Titik - Haryanti Akhmad - Azmiardi Ardyasih - - Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 30 35 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.30-35 Preference of Methods and Media for Promotion of Drug Abuse Prevention According to the Point of View of Students and Parents in Bima https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/31931 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Drug abuse in the Bima region increases from year to year, and it is dominated by students. In 2017 there were 44 cases handled, increased to 79 cases in 2018, and 71 cases in 2019. Bima region as a port city that connects Sumbawa island with a number of large islands in Indonesia has become a risk factor for illicit drug trafficking. Socialization on the dangers of drug abuse that has been carried out in the school environment has a number of limitations, especially in terms of time, methods, and media as well as the number of target audiences that are covered by the activity. It is necessary to develop a method and media approach that is appropriate to the developmental characteristics of adolescents. <strong>Objectives</strong>: This study aims to obtain an overview of the need for methods and media for the promotion of drug abuse prevention from the point of view of students and parents in Bima. <strong>Methods</strong>: This research was conducted through a survey method. It was carried out in six Junior High Schools (SMP) in Bima from May to October 2021. Research variables consisted of demographic characteristics; the history of drug and substance use by students; and the need for prevention of drug abuse based on methods, media, locations, frequency, and information providers in Bima. Research data were collected using a questionnaire instrument. Population of this research was students and their parents. The sample size was determined based on the Slovin formula. Data were obtained from 275 students and 70 students' parents. Research data analysis was done with univariate statistics. <strong>Results</strong>: Students and parents need drug abuse prevention promotion activities that are implemented by health workers either directly or through audiovisual media and social media, such as film screenings on television and gadgets. The promotion is conducted on a scheduled 2-3 times a year. Most of the respondents chose the school and house for the promotion activities. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: Students and parents had the same interests and opinions about the need for methods and media to promote drug abuse prevention. The results of this research are expected to be a recommendation for the development of a promotion program for the prevention of adolescent drug abuse in Bima. </em></p> Ade Wulandari Nani Nurhaeni Martiningsih Martiningsih Ahmad Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 36 47 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.36-47 Family Planning Communities in Pemogan Using WHO Community Engagement Model https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/31178 <p><em>Communities is an area unit at the village level with criteria in which there is an integration of the Family Planning Population and Family Development program and related sectors to improve the quality of family and community life. The formulation of the research problem is how the village community is engaged in the family planning communities program in Pemogan Village Denpasar. <strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this research is to find out the involvement of the village community in the family planning communities program. <strong>Methods: </strong>This study used a qualitative descriptive research design and was conducted from April to May 2021. This research applied the World Health Organization (2012) framework on community engagement by identifying the level in involvement of inform, consult, involve, collaborate, and shared leadership. There were 9 informants which consisted of the head of Pemogan Village Denpasar, educators of family planning, cadres of family planning communities, and community groups with inclusion criteria. Data collection methods used focus group discussion, in-depth interviews, and document analysis. Data were analyzed with thematic data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Data validation used triangulation of sources and methods, peer debriefing, and member checking. <strong>Results: </strong>This study found that the community has been a part of the family planning communities program. Community engagement level in the family planning communities program is at the involve level and less in informing the program and leadership. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Community engagement in the family planning communities program in Pemogan Village includes the level of inform, consult, involve, collaborate, and shared leadership. This research suggests the village government increase space for the community to be engaged as a partner in implementing activities and shared leadership through cadre empowerment and socialization.</em></p> Dinar Saurmauli Lubis I.A. Kharisma Dyah Intan Maharani Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 48 57 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.48-57 Perceived Ease of Use and Usefulness of Facebook for Premenstrual Syndrome Health Education https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/32295 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of physical, psychological and behavioral changes that can be experienced by women of reproductive age. School adolescents who experience PMS symptoms can have an impact on school activities and daily life. One of the efforts to overcome it is through health education about PMS. Health education innovation in adolescents can be done with the use of social media. Social media that can be used as a means of sharing information is Facebook. <strong>Objective</strong>: This study aims to know the relationship between perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of Facebook for health education about PMS. <strong>Method</strong>: Analytic study research design with a cross section approach. The research variable was the perception of ease of use and usefulness of Facebook as a medium of health education about PMS. The population was 320 school teenagers and the samples were taken by purposive sampling as many as 77 school teenagers who experienced PMS symptoms and had received PMS health education on Facebook. The research data were taken using a questionnaire of perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) and analyzed using a descriptive and contingency coefficient. <strong>Results</strong>: Facebook was considered easy (63.6%) to be used for health education about PMS and Facebook was considered useful (57.1%) as a medium for health education about PMS. There was a significant relationship between perceived ease of use and usefulness of Facebook as a medium for health education about PMS (pvalue=0,017 ) with a correlation coefficient value of 0.263 indicating that the correlation is weak. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: Perceived ease of use was related to the perceived usefulness of Facebook. Facebook was easy to use and useful for health education about PMS. Facebook was effective and useful for learning about PMS. Social media can be a medium for health education and help improve the health of school adolescents who experience PMS.</em></p> Dwi Sri Handayani Elsi Dwi Hapsari Widyandana Widyandana Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 58 64 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.58-64 Analysis of the Use of WhatsApp in Food Processing Behavior Changes in Entrepreneurs https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/26852 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Food and beverage sanitation hygiene really needs to be guaranteed of its safety, including the sanitation hygiene of home-made snacks produced by food entrepreneurs. Poor food sanitation hygiene can cause food poisoning, which is bad for buyers. Especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, food sanitation hygiene in small and medium businesses must be considered to avoid transmission while maintaining an entrepreneurial image in the midst of the pandemic. <strong>Objective</strong>: This study aims to analyze behavior changes including knowledge, attitudes, and entrepreneurial actions in food and beverages processing through mentoring using WhatsApp messenger media. <strong>Methods</strong>: This study used a quasi-experimental approach. The population of this study was small and medium entrepreneurs specializing in food and beverage processing accompanied by an incubator in North Sumatra with as many as 35 entrepreneurs. The samples of this study amounted to 29 food entrepreneurs who were selected using the purposive sampling technique. The time of the study was in July and August 2020. Data were obtained by giving questionnaires before mentoring, two weeks after mentoring, and four weeks after mentoring. The variables consisted of knowledge, attitudes, and actions, as well as assistance to use WhatsApp messenger media. The collected data were then analyzed using the Wilcoxon and Friedman test. <strong>Results</strong>: The results showed that the mentoring using WhatsApp messenger media could increase knowledge (P value = 0.000), attitudes (P value = 0.000) respondents' actions (P value = 0.015). </em><strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong><em>: The role of health workers was very necessary for the use of WhatsApp messenger based social media, including as assistants who present health promotion content, annul negative content, and make positive efforts to reconcile if there be bad communication in the WhatsApp messenger social media group.</em></p> RONI GUNAWAN Dian Maya Sari Siregar Arifah Devi Fitriani Muchti Yuda Pratama Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 65 72 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.65-72 Information Communication and Education Strategy of Muhammadiyah Covid-19 DKI Jakarta Province Toward Behavioral Change https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/26765 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Muhammadiyah members are the information communication and education (ICE) strategy segments from Muhammadiyah COVID-19 Command Center (MCCC). MCCC aims to deliver education and campaign programs to control COVID-19 specialized for the Muhammadiyah members. <strong>Objective</strong>: This research aims to determine social marketing strategies through the effectiveness of the MCCC website in changing Muhammadiyah members' behavior in Jakarta Province. <strong>Methods:</strong> This research was quasi-experimental with a non-randomized control group design. The sampling technique was accidental sampling, with 50 people in the intervention group and 50 in the control group. For one week, the intervention was to provide COVID-19 prevention material in PDFs, videos, and links sourced from the MCCC website. <strong>Results:</strong> The results show a significant difference in scores of behavior before and after website media intervention (p-value = 0.015). There was no significant difference before and after (p-value = 0.331). <strong>Conclusion</strong>: The intervention of media sourced from the MCCC website was able to impact the adaptation of Muhammadiyah members DKI Jakarta</em>.</p> Rizqiyani Khoiriyah Sarah Handayani Rustika Herman Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 73 84 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.73-84 Impact of the ‘Nola J Pender’ Health Promotion Model Towards the Level of Community Compliance in Implementing COVID-19 Health Protocols https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/32958 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Indonesia is facing COVID-19 waves in almost all provinces. Based on data from the COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force, there were 57 districts with a compliance level of wearing a mask by less than 60%, while 51 districts had a compliance level of keeping distance and avoiding crowds by less than 60%. <strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of the Health Promotion Model (HPM) in increasing people’s compliance level on the implementation of COVID-19 health protocols. <strong>Methods:</strong> Quasi-experiment with a single-group interrupted time-series design was conducted in June-September 2021</em> <em>in West Lombok district and Central Lombok district, West Nusa Tenggara Province. The samples were 326 respondents from purposive sampling with criteria: adult group or elderly of the healthy category and not being positively confirmed of COVID-19. <strong>Results</strong>: There was a significant effect of HPM in increasing people’s compliance level on the implementation of the health protocols (5M) measured by the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (p-value &lt;0,05). The health protocols (5M) included wearing a mask (p=0,000), keeping distance (p=0,000), cleaning hands (p=0,000), avoiding crowds (p=0,000), and reducing mobility (p=0,000). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The Health Promotion Model (HPM) is a strategy to conduct health promotion activities that can influence the attitudes and behaviors of community groups marked by increasing knowledge and awareness of people in the Lombok area for the implementation of the 5M COVID-19 health protocols.</em></p> Reza Indra Wiguna Haris Suhamdani Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 85 92 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.85-92 Risk Factors for Transmission of the SARS-Cov 2 Virus in Health Workers https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/PROMKES/article/view/29603 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Healthcare workers (HCWs) serve as front liners in the battle against COVID-19. They are often expected to be in constant contact with infected patients, posing higher risk of transmission. To date, literature on risk factors of COVID-19 transmission in HCWs are still limited. <strong>Purpose:</strong> We conducted this systematic review to identify the risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 virus transmission among HCWs. <strong>Methods:</strong> We conducted a systematic review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol. Four internet databases were searched using predefined search terms. The keywords used were {“COVID-19” OR “SARS-CoV-2”}, {“transmission” OR “transmission risk”}, and (“healthcare professionals” OR “healthcare workers” OR “healthcare staff”). All English articles which were published from January 2020 to June 2021 involving HCWs in hospitals treating COVID-19 were included into the study. <strong>Results:</strong> Out of initial 636 studies found using the predefined search terms, 18 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were subsequently analyzed. We found that risk factors for COVID-19 could be divided into 5 categories: use of personal protective equipment (PPE), infection control procedures, unsafe workplace practices, provision of institutional support, and presence of individual risk factors in healthcare workers. Good hospital governance is necessary to establish policies regarding control of COVID-19 infection which will protect the patients and HCWs. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Proper use of PPE, compliance to proper infection control procedures, establishment of safe workplace practices, provision of institutional support for prevention measures, and lack of individual risk factors may reduce the transmission risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus among healthcare workers. Further studies are warranted to identify methods for reducing incidence and mortality rate due to COVID-19 at HCWs.</em></p> Saza Fitria Ede Surya Darmawan Amelia Rizki Alfriantin Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 10 1 93 102 10.20473/jpk.V10.I1.2022.93-102