Effect of Strengthening Exercises Using the Agonist- Antagonist Paired Set and Traditional Set Methods on Single-Leg Hop Performance

Gadiza Raiznintha Permatasari, RA Meisy Andriana, I Putu Alit Pawana

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/spmrj.v3i1.20670
Abstract views = 147 times | downloads = 104 times

Abstract


Background: Functional activities mostly done in daily life such as jumping, walking, running, and stairs ascending-descending require dynamic stability of the knee. The knee joint dynamic stability is required to have effective and efficient functional activities and to avoid injury when performing them. It can be achieved by increasing muscle strength through strengthening exercises with the aim of balancing the agonist muscles (quadriceps femoris) and antagonist muscles (hamstring) using the agonist- antagonist paired set (APS) method.

Aim: The aim of this study is to find out the effect of strengthening exercise using APS method, compared to traditional set (TS) method, on single-leg hop performance.

Material and Methods: The subjects of this study were 14 untrained healthy men aged 18-40 years old divided into 2 intervention groups, APS group and TS group. The variable evaluated was the distance of single-leg hop (SLH).

Results: The results of this study showed a significant increase in SLH distance in APS group (p=0.005) and TS group (p<0.001) with no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.933).

Conclusion: Quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscle strengthening exercises in both APS and TS methods increase SLH distance although there is no difference between them. The APS method has an advantage compared to the TS method in terms of a relatively shorter time with comparable results.


Keywords


agonist-antagonist paired set; dynamic knee stability; functional performance; single-leg hop

Full Text:

PDF

References


Fitzgerald G, Lephart S, Hwang H, Wainner M. Hop Tests as predictors of dynamic knee stability. J Orthop Sport Phys Ther 2001;31:588–97.

Desai MS, Patil V, Naik R. Assessment of functional performance of lower extremity and effect of leg dominance on the same in young asymptomatic individuals. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(2):1423–8.

Williams G, Chmielewski T, Rudolph K, Buchanan T, Snyder-Mackler L. Dynamic knee stability: Current theory and implications for clinicians and scientists. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2001;31(10):546–66.

Wikstrom EA, Tillman MD, Chmielewski TL, Borsa PA. Measurement and evaluation of dynamic joint stability of the knee and ankle after injury. Sport Med 2006;36(5):393–410.

Pescatello L, Arena R, Riebe D, Thompson P. Health-related physical fitness testing and interpretation. in: acsm’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014. p. 73-75; 181-185.

Zatsiorsky VM, Kraemer WJ. Basic concepts of training theory, in: Science and practice of strength training 2nd Ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2006. p. 3-15.

Wilson G, Murphy A, Walshe A. The specificity of strength training: The effect of posture. Eur J Physiol 1996;73(3–4):346–52.

Cardoso EA, Bottaro M, Rodrigues P, Rezende CB, Fischer T, Mota J, et al. Chronic effects of resistance exercise using reciprocal muscle actions on functional and proprioceptive performance of young individuals: Randomized controlled trial. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2014;16(6):618–28.

Robbins D, Young W, Behm D, Payne W. Effects of agonist-antagonist complex resistance training on upper body strength and power development. J Sport Sci 2009;27:1617–25.

Maia M, Willardson J, Paz G, Miranda H. Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. J Strength Cond Res 2014;28:2529–35.

Sekiya I, Muneta T, Ogiuchi T, Yagishita K, Yamamoto H. Significance of the single-legged hop test to the anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knee in relation to muscle strength and anterior laxity. Am J Sport Med 1998;26:384–8.

Li R, Maffulli N, Hsu Y, Chan K. Isokinetic strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings and functional ability of anterior cruciate deficient knees in recreational athletes. Br J Sport Med 1996;30:161–4.

Pasanen K, Parkkari J, Pasanen M, Kannus P. Effect of a neuromuscular warm-up programme on muscle power, balance, speed and agility: A Randomised controlled study. Br J Sport Med 2009;43:1073–8.

Barber S, Noyes F, Mangine R, McCloskey JW, Hartman W. Quantitative assessment of functional limitations in normal and anteriocruciate ligament-deficient knees. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1990;255:204–14.

Noyes F, Barber S, Mangine R. Abnormal lower limb symmetry determined by functional hop tests after anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Am J Sports Med 1991;19(5):513–8.

Wilk K, Romaniello W, Soscia S, Arrigo CA, Andrews JR. The relationship between subjective knee scores, isokinetic testing, and functional testing in the ACL- reconstructed knee. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1994;20(2):60–73.

Aljowair F, Herrington L. The relationship between hop performance and lower extremities muscle strength. Int J Med Sci Clin Inven 2018;5:3714–20.

Blagrove R, Howatson G, Hayes P. Effects of strength training on the physiological determinants of middle- and long-distance running performance: A systematic review. Sport Med 2017;1–33.

Maynard J, Ebben W. The effects of antagonist prefatigue on agonist torque and electromiography. J Strength Cond Res 2003;17:46974.

Robbins D, Young W, Behm D, Payne W. Agonist-antagonist paired set resistance training : A brief review. J Strength Cond Res 2010;24(10):2873–82.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
SPMRJ by  Unair is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

        

View SPMRJ Stats