The effect of peer support education on dental caries prevention behavior in school age children at age 10-11 years old

Debby Syahru Romadlon, Taufan Bramantoro, Muhammad Luthfi

Abstract views = 229 times | views = 196 times


Background: Dental caries is an infectious disease and it is preceded by a progressive demineralization in hard tissue surface of the crown. Dental caries is one of the most common diseases that experienced by school-age children. Health education on the prevention of dental caries and peer support education method can improve the behavior of caries prevention. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of peer support education on dental caries prevention behavior in children of school age. Method: This study is a quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest control group design. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The study was conducted in SDN Bandulan 3 Sukun Malang with 35 respondents (experimental group) and in SDN Bandulan 2 Sukun Malang with 35 respondents (control group). The experimental group was treated using peer support education while the control group was given health education with the lecture method. The data of student’s dental caries prevention behavior (knowledge and attitudes) is obtained through a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-tests with significant p value <0.05. Result: The results showed the average score of knowledge in the experimental group at 20.48 and knowledge among respondents in the control group amounted to 18.02, and the average total score of the attitude of the respondents in the experimental group at 20.08 and in control group of 17.77. Results of independent t test analysis test that there is a significant difference in the average scores of knowledge and attitudes of respondents in the experimental group and the control group (p value 0.000, <0.05). Conclusion: Health education with peer support education method is effective in improving dental caries prevention behavior in children at school age.


peer support education; school age children; dental caries prevention behavior

Full Text:



Balitbang Kemenkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar; RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Balitbang Kemenkes RI; 2013. p. 48-67.

Edelman M. Health promotion; throught the lifespan. 6th ed. Mosby: St Louis; 2006. p. 89-109.

McDonald J, Roche AM, Durbridge M. Peer support education from evidenced to practice: An alcohol & other drugs primer. 2015. p. 75-85.

Mellanby AR, Newcomb RG, Rees J, Tripp JH. A comparative study of peer-led and adult-led school sex study education. Health Educ Res 2001; 16(4): 481-92.

Hayati M. Pengaruh peer edukasi tentang jajanan sehat terhadap perilaku anak usia sekolah di Kota Lhokseumawe Provinsi Naggroe Aceh Darussalam. Tesis. Depok: Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia; 2009.

Notoatmodjo S. Ilmu perilaku kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2010. p. 23-30.

Bleeker A. Presentation for the second international drugs and young people conference. 2011. p. 102-15.

Population Council. Peer education and HIV/AIDS: past experience, future direction. PopCouncil. 2012. p. 18-23.

Zioleny R, Kimzeke G, Stakic S, Bruyn MD. Peer support education training of trainers manual: Youth peer support education elektronik resources.). AidsMark 2011. p. 54 - 65

Ergene T, Cok F, Tuner A, Unal S. A controlled-study of preventive effects of peer support education and single session lectures on HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among university students in Turkey. 2010. p. 45-50.

Allender JA, Spradley BW. Communnity health nursing: promoting and protecting the public’s health. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. p. 301-12.

Wawan A, Dewi M. Teori dan pengukuran pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2010. p. 90-109.

Usoro A. Attitudes as a factor for the use of information and communication technology for global planning. Computing and information system. 2000. p. 154-60.

Garcia AC, Zock A. Peer support education in nutrition for childrents: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2015; 34-43.

Fitriani D. Pengaruh edukasi sebaya terhadap perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) pada agregat anak usia sekolah yang beresiko kecacingan di Desa Baru Kecamatan Manggar Belitung Timur. Tesis. Depok: Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia; 2011.

Stanhope M, Lancaster J. Community and public health nursing. 6th ed. Mosby: St Louis; 2014. p. 446-56.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats