Relationship Parity and Contraception with Mild Preeclampsia at Puskesmas Jagir

Rizky Pradana Setiawan

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbe.v4i1.2016.100-112
Abstract viewed = 135 times | PDF downloaded = 1952 times

Abstract


Mild preeclampsia is the frequent disease experienced by pregnant women in Puskesmas Jagir in 2011-2014. The number of mild preeclampsia in Puskesmas Jagir keep increase significantly. The purpose of this study is to analyze the association between the characteristics, family history and calcium supplementation in pregnant women with mild preeclampsia at Puskesmas Jagir Surabaya. The type of research is non-reactive research with case control design. Subjects was taken from the population using simple random sampling. The variables studied were age, body weight changes, parity, family history of preeclampsia, contraception, family history of diabetes mellitus, family history of chronic hypertension, and calcium supplementation. The statistical test was Chi-square test with α = 0.05, odds Ratio is calculated by value with 95% confidence interval (CI 95%). Variables associated with mild preeclampsia is a maternal characteristics such as parity (p = 0.001, OR 0.17) and contraception (p = 0.019, OR = 5.636). Variables that are not associated with mild preeclampsia is a maternal characteristics such as the form of changes in body weight during pregnancy, age, and family history of diabetes mellitus in the form of family history and family history of hypertension and calcium supplementation. There is a association between parity and contraception with mild preeclampsia.

Keywords: mild preeclampsia, parity, contraception

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bdolah, Y., Elchalal, U., Yaron, S. N., Yechiam, H., Abram, T. B., Greenfield, C., Et Al. (2014). Relationship Between Nulliparity And Preeclampsia May Be Explained By Altered Circulating Soluble Fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 1. Mount Scopus, 250-259.

Boghossian, N. S., Yeung, E., Mendola, P., Hinkle, S. N., Laughon, S. K., Zhang, C., Et Al. (2014). Risk Factors Differ Between Recurrent And Incident Preeclampsia. Annals Of Epidemiology, 817-877..

Fajriansi, Andi. (2013). Hubungan antara Penggunaan Kontrasepsi Oral dengan Peningkatan Tekanan Darah pada Akseptor KB Aktif di Puskesmas Maningpajo Kecamatan Wajo. Skikes Nani Hasanuddin Makassar. 1-4

Kementerian Kesehatan Direktur Jendral Bina Kesehatan Masyarakat. (2010). Pedoman Pelayanan Antenatal Terpadu. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Direktur Jendral Bina Kesehatan Masyarakat.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Pelayanan Kesehatan Ibu Di Fasilitas Kesehatan Dasar Dan Rujukan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Kiondo, P., Maina, G. W., Bimeya, G. S., Tumwesigye, N. M., Wandabwa, J., & Okong, P. (2012). Risk Factors For Pre-Eclampsia In Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. Tropical Medicine And International Health, 480-487.

Langelo, W., Arsin, A. A., & Russeng, S. (2013). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Preeklampsia Di Rskd Ibu Dan Anak Sitti Fatimah Makassar Tahun 2011-2012. Makassar: Universitas Hasanudin.

Lisonkova, S., & Joseph, K. S. (2013). Incidence Of Preeclampsia: Risk Factors And Outcomes Associated With Early-Versus Late-Onset Disease. American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, 544-555.

Minarti, S., Suryandari, A. E., & Retnowati, M. (2013). Hubungan Penambahan Berat Badan Dengan Kejadian Preeklampsia Pada Ibu Hamil Di Rsud Prof. Dr. Margono Soekardjo Purwokerto Tahun 2011. Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan, Vo.4 No. 1.

Norma D, N. (2013). Asuhan Patologi Teori Dan Tinjauan Kasus. Jakarta: Mustika Dwi S Nu Med.

Rozikhan. (2007). Faktor Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Preeklampsia Berat Di Rumah Sakit Dr. H. Soedono Kendal. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.

S, I. E., O, I. C., & M, S. M. (2007). Extracellular Calcium And Magnesium In Preeclampsia Dan Eclampsia. African Journal Of Reproductive Health, Vol 11 No.2.

Sa'adah, N. (2013). Hubungan Antara Pertambahan Berat Badan Ibu Hamil Dengan Angka Kejadian Preeklampsia Di Rsud Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Sirait, A. (2012). Prevanlensi Hipertensi Pada Kehamilan Di Indonesia Dan Berbagai Faktor Yang Berhubungan (Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007). Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 103-109.

Wulandari, R., & Firnawati, A. (2012). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Preeklampsia Berat Pada Ibu Hamil Di Rsud Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan, 29-35.

Yogi, E., Hariyanto, & Sombay, E. (2014). Hubungan Antara Usia Dengan Preeklampsia Pada Ibu Hamil Di Poli Kia Rsud Kefamenanu Kabupaten Timur Tengah Utara. Jurnal Delima Harapan, 10-19


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
JBE by unair is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jbepid@gmail.com / jbe@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 877-3928-1082

View My Stats