Effect of Physical Training Towards Body Balance in Overweight Condition

Purwo Sri Rejeki, Anita Faradilla Rahim, Rizki Eka Prasetya

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/bhsj.v1i2.9966
Abstract views = 1026 times | downloads = 1022 times

Abstract


An overweight individual has morphological changes in the muscle resulting functional impairment and can cause reduction in body balance system. Balance is an ability to maintain both static and dynamic equilibrium on various positions. An overweight person will experience a decrease in abdominal muscle strength and center of gravity shift. Physical training has positive effects to increase body balance. Stretching exercise maintains and increases the elasticity of muscle, tendon, fascia, ligament and joint motion and improve balance. Resistance exercise increases muscle performance which has benefit effect on balance system dynamically. The proprioceptive, an important part of balance maintenance to feel joint position or body when moving, can be improved by training that performed using balance board. Mechanoreceptor that is stimulated and the adaptation of the body's balance control that is influenced by balance board training results a good proprioceptive.

Keywords


body balance; overweight physical training

Full Text:

PDF

References


Yuliana S, Adiatmika I, Muhammad I, Dhofirul F and Ikrom A. Pelatihan Kombinasi Core Stability Exercise dan Ankle Strategy Exercise Tidak Lebih Meningkatkan Keseimbangan Statis pada Mahasiswa S1 Fisioterapi STIKES ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. Sport And Fitness Journal. 2014; 2: 63-73.

WHO. Fact Sheets: Obesity and Overweight. World Health Organization, 2018.

Dasar RK. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Departemen Kesehatan, Republik Indonesia, 2013.

Suadnyana I, Nurmawan S and Muliarta IM. Core Stability Exercise Meningkatkan Keseimbangan Dinamis Lanjut Usia di Banjar Bebengan, Desa Tangeb, Kecamatan Mengwi, Kabupaten Badung. Denpasar: Universitas Udayana, 2014.

Delitto A. The Link Between Balance Confidence and Falling. Physical Therapy Research That Benefits You: (2003).

Abrahamova D and Hlavacka F. Age-Related Changes of Human Balance During Quite Stance. Physiological Research Institute of Physiology. 2008; 57.

Miller CA. Nursing For Wellness In Older Adult : Theory and Practice, Forth Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.

Astrand P, Rodahl K, Dahl H and Stromme S. Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise. New York: Mc Graw-Hill Book, 2003.

Sherwood and Lauralee. Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems, Ninth Edition. Canada: Cengage Learning., 2016.

WHO. Body Mass Index - BMI. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2018.

WHO. International Association for the Study of Obesity and the International Obesity Task Force. The Asia-Pacific Perspective : Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment. Western Pacific Region. Crows Nest, NSW, Australia: Health Communications Australia, 2000.

Soegih R and Wiramihardja K. Obesitas Permasalahan dan Terapi Praktis. Jakarta: Sagung Seto, 2009.

Guyton A and Hall J. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran: Edisi 12. Indonesia: Elsevier, 2014.

Khomsan A. Pangan dan Gizi untuk Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2004.

Suhartono. Pengaruh Kelelahan Otot Anggota Gerak Bawah terhadap Keseimbangan pada Subyek Sehat 2005.

Karunia S, Wibawa A and Adiputra L. Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) dengan Keseimbangan Statis pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. . Majalah Fisioterapi Indonesia 2015; 2.

Corbeil P, Simoneau M, Rancourt D, Tremblay A and Teasdale N. Increased Risk for Falling Associated with Obesity : Mathematical Modeling Of Postural Control. IEEE T Neuron System Rehabilitation 2011; 9: 126-36.

Berrigan F, Simoneau M, Tremblay A, Hue O and Teasdale N. Influence of Obesiity on Accurate and Rapid Arm Movement Perfomed from A Standing Posture. International Journal Obesity. 2006; 30: 1750-7.

Greve J, Alonso A, Bordini A and Camanho G. Correlation Between Body Mass Index and Postural Balance. Clinics. 2008; 62: 717-20.

Wojcik L, Thelen D, Schultz A, J AM and Alexander N. Age and Gender Differences in Peak Lower Extermity Joint Torques and Ranges of Motion Used During Single-Step Balance Recovery from Forward Fall. Journal Biomechanic 2001; 34: 67-73.

Riemann B and Lephart S. The Sensorymotor System Part I : The Physiologic Basis of Functional Joint Stability. Journal Athletic Training. 2002; 37: 71-9.

Harsono. Manusia dan Latihan. Bandung: ITB, 1996.

Mc. Ardle W, Kach F and Kach V. Exercise Physiology : Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 2010.

Fox E, Bower R and Foss M. The Physiological for Exercise And Sport. . Lowa: WBC Brown And Benchmark, 1993.

Kisner C and Allen L. Therapeutic Exercise. Philadhelpia: Davis Company, 2007.

Wallmann HW, Kirk RP and Matthew B. Acute Effect of Static Stretching on Balance in Young Versus Eldery Adults. Physical and Therapy Occupational In Geriatrics. 2012; 30: 301-5.

Higgins M. Therapeutic Exercise : From Theory to Practice. Philadephia: F.A Davis Company., 2011.

Nugroho S. Materi Kinesiologi. Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2011.

Brown S, Miller W and Eason J. Neuroanatomy And Neuromuscular Control of Movement. Exercise Physiology: Basis Of Human Movement In Health And Disease Philadephia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.

Jha P, Irshad A, Sonal K, Kamran A, Shalini V and Taru K. Proprioception : An Evidence Based Narrative Review. Research & Investigations In Sport Medicine. 2017.

Berbudi A. Pelatihan Core Stability dan Balance Board Exercise Lebih Baik dalam Meningkatkan Keseimbangan Dibandingkan dengan Balance Board Exercise pada Mahasiswa Usia 18-24 Tahun dengan Kurang Aktivitas Fisik. Journal Fisioterapi. 2015; 15.

Brown L. Strength Training. United States Of America: Human Kinetics, 2007.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Biomolecular and Health Science Journal

INDEXING BY:

Creative Commons License

This Journal (E-ISSN:2620-8636) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View BHSJ Stats